White adipose tissue

white fatwhitewhite adiposeWhite fat cell
White adipose tissue (WAT) or white fat is one of the two types of adipose tissue found in mammals.wikipedia
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Brown adipose tissue

brown fatbrownBaby fat
The other kind is brown adipose tissue.
Brown adipose tissue (BAT) or brown fat makes up the adipose organ together with white adipose tissue (or white fat).

Adipose tissue

adiposebody fatfat
White adipose tissue (WAT) or white fat is one of the two types of adipose tissue found in mammals.
The two types of adipose tissue are white adipose tissue (WAT), which stores energy, and brown adipose tissue (BAT), which generates body heat.

Asprosin

The hormone leptin is primarily manufactured in the adipocytes of white adipose tissue which also produces another hormone, asprosin.
Asprosin is a protein hormone produced by mammals in their fatty (white adipose) tissues that stimulates the liver to release glucose into the blood stream.

Leptin

leptin resistancelectinLEP
The hormone leptin is primarily manufactured in the adipocytes of white adipose tissue which also produces another hormone, asprosin.
Leptin is produced primarily in the adipocytes of white adipose tissue.

Lipid droplet

fat dropletlipid droplets
Its cells contain a single large fat droplet, which forces the nucleus to be squeezed into a thin rim at the periphery.

Insulin

insulin genehuman insulinINS
They have receptors for insulin, sex hormones, norepinephrine, and glucocorticoids.

Sex steroid

sex hormonesex hormonessex steroids
They have receptors for insulin, sex hormones, norepinephrine, and glucocorticoids.

Glucocorticoid

glucocorticoidssteroidssteroid
They have receptors for insulin, sex hormones, norepinephrine, and glucocorticoids.

Pancreas

pancreaticexocrine pancreashead of the pancreas
Upon release of insulin from the pancreas, white adipose cells' insulin receptors cause a dephosphorylation cascade that lead to the inactivation of hormone-sensitive lipase.

Lipase

lipaseslipase LIPFfat-splitting enzyme
Upon release of insulin from the pancreas, white adipose cells' insulin receptors cause a dephosphorylation cascade that lead to the inactivation of hormone-sensitive lipase.

Glucagon

It was previously thought that upon release of glucagon from the pancreas, glucagon receptors cause a phosphorylation cascade that activates hormone-sensitive lipase, causing the breakdown of the stored fat to fatty acids, which are exported into the blood and bound to albumin, and glycerol, which is exported into the blood freely. Glucagon is now thought to act exclusively on the liver to trigger glycogenolysis and gluconeogenesis.

Fatty acid

fatty acidsfree fatty acidsfree fatty acid
It was previously thought that upon release of glucagon from the pancreas, glucagon receptors cause a phosphorylation cascade that activates hormone-sensitive lipase, causing the breakdown of the stored fat to fatty acids, which are exported into the blood and bound to albumin, and glycerol, which is exported into the blood freely.

Albumin

albuminsalbuminousalbumin protein
It was previously thought that upon release of glucagon from the pancreas, glucagon receptors cause a phosphorylation cascade that activates hormone-sensitive lipase, causing the breakdown of the stored fat to fatty acids, which are exported into the blood and bound to albumin, and glycerol, which is exported into the blood freely.

Glycerol

glyceringlycerine1,2,3-propanetriol
It was previously thought that upon release of glucagon from the pancreas, glucagon receptors cause a phosphorylation cascade that activates hormone-sensitive lipase, causing the breakdown of the stored fat to fatty acids, which are exported into the blood and bound to albumin, and glycerol, which is exported into the blood freely.

Glycogenolysis

breakdownbreakdown of glycogenglycogen degradation
Glucagon is now thought to act exclusively on the liver to trigger glycogenolysis and gluconeogenesis.

Gluconeogenesis

gluconeogenicgluconeogenic pathwayglucogenic
Glucagon is now thought to act exclusively on the liver to trigger glycogenolysis and gluconeogenesis.

Adrenocorticotropic hormone

corticotropinACTHadrenocorticotrophic hormone
The trigger for this process in white adipose tissue is instead now thought to be adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), adrenaline and noradrenaline.

Adrenaline

epinephrineadrenaline junkieadrenalin
The trigger for this process in white adipose tissue is instead now thought to be adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), adrenaline and noradrenaline.

Norepinephrine

noradrenalinenoradrenergicNE
They have receptors for insulin, sex hormones, norepinephrine, and glucocorticoids. The trigger for this process in white adipose tissue is instead now thought to be adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), adrenaline and noradrenaline.

Perilipin-4

Perilipin 4S3-12
It is highly expressed in white adipose tissue, with lower expression in heart, skeletal muscle, and brown adipose tissue.

Adipocyte

adipocytesfat cellsfat cell
There are two types of adipose tissue, white adipose tissue (WAT) and brown adipose tissue (BAT), which are also known as white fat and brown fat, respectively, and comprise two types of fat cells.

Marrow adipose tissue

marrow adipose tissue (MAT)adipocytesmarrow adipocyte
Since MAT is increased in the setting of obesity and is suppressed by endurance exercise, or vibration, it is likely that MAT physiology- in the setting of mechanical input/exercise- approximates that of white adipose tissue (WAT).

PRDM16

Previously, this coregulator was believed to be present only in brown adipose tissue, but more recent studies have shown that PRDM16 is highly expressed in subcutaneous white adipose tissue as well.