Whitehead torpedo

WhiteheadtorpedoWHWhitehead 14-inch (36 cm) torpedoWhitehead compressed air driven torpedoesWhitehead Torpedo CompanyWhitehead torpedoesWhitehead type
The Whitehead torpedo was the first self-propelled or "locomotive" torpedo ever developed.wikipedia
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Torpedo

torpedoeshoming torpedotorpedoed
The Whitehead torpedo was the first self-propelled or "locomotive" torpedo ever developed.
In 1866 British engineer Robert Whitehead invented the first effective self-propelled torpedo, the eponymous Whitehead torpedo.

Torpedo boat

torpedo boatstorpedo-boattorpedo craft
This early torpedo proved itself in combat during the Russo-Turkish War when, on January 16, 1878, the Ottoman ship Intibah was sunk by Russian torpedo boats carrying Whiteheads, though this story has been disputed in one book.
The first designs rammed enemy ships with explosive spar torpedoes, and later designs launched self-propelled Whitehead torpedoes.

Robert Whitehead

WhiteheadWhitehead & Co.Whitehead torpedo
It was perfected in 1866 by Robert Whitehead from a design conceived by Giovanni Luppis of the Austro-Hungarian Navy.
They discarded Luppis' concept of shore launch and control for an unguided weapon launched from a ship on a straight line at the target which became known as the Whitehead torpedo.

Peter Brotherhood

Peter Brotherhood LimitedBrotherhoodKittoe and Brotherhood
It was driven by a three-cylinder compressed air engine invented, designed, and made by Peter Brotherhood.
Put to many uses it drove the Navy's Whitehead torpedoes and was used in the torpedoes of other navies as well.

Pendulum-and-hydrostat control

hydrostatic valve and pendulumbellows and pendulum systemhydrostatic valve and pendulum balance
In 1868, Whitehead introduced a solution to the stability problem for his torpedo: Pendulum-and-hydrostat control, contained in its Immersion Chamber.
Pendulum-and-hydrostat control is a control mechanism developed originally for depth control of the Whitehead torpedo.

Rijeka

FiumeRijeka, CroatiaSveti Kuzam
Dissatisfied with the device, which he called the "coast-saver", Luppis turned to Robert Whitehead, who then worked for Stabilimento Tecnico Fiumano, a factory in Fiume (Rijeka), present-day Croatia.

Submarine

submarinesdiesel-electric submarinediesel-electric
The Royal Navy fitted the Whitehead torpedo on its earliest submarines, from onwards.
The submarine became a potentially viable weapon with the development of the Whitehead torpedo, designed in 1866 by British engineer Robert Whitehead, the first practical self-propelled or 'locomotive' torpedo.

American 18 inch torpedo

18 inch (450 mm)18-inch (450 mm)18 in (450 mm)
American "18 inch" torpedoes were actually 17.7 in in diameter, beginning with the "Fiume" Whitehead torpedo of 1890.

Schwartzkopff torpedo

L. SchwartzkopffSchwarzkopf
The Schwartzkopff torpedo was a torpedo manufactured in the late 19th century by the German firm Eisengießerei und Maschinen-Fabrik von L. Schwartzkopff, later known as Berliner Maschinenbau, based on the Whitehead design.

E. W. Bliss Company

Bliss and WilliamsE. W. Bliss
The United States Navy started using the Whitehead torpedo in 1892 after an American company, E. W. Bliss, secured manufacturing rights.
Notable among these products were the Whitehead torpedo, the Bliss-Leavitt torpedo and the Bliss automobile.

Ludwig Obry

Obry
The solution was in the form of the gyroscope gear, which was patented by Ludwig Obry, the rights to which was bought by Whitehead in 1896.
Obry then patented his device and sold the rights to Robert Whitehead, who incorporated the mechanism into the Whitehead torpedo.

Bliss-Leavitt torpedo

Bliss-Leavitt weaponsMark I Bliss-Leavitt
The E. W. Bliss Company secured manufacturing rights to the Whitehead torpedo in 1892 and thereafter supplied the US Navy with this weapon.

Whitehead Mark 1 torpedo

Whitehead torpedo Mk.1 (short)Whitehead Mark 1Whitehead Mk 1
The Whitehead Mark 1 torpedo was the first Whitehead torpedo adopted by the United States Navy for use in an anti-surface ship role after the E. W. Bliss Company of Brooklyn, New York secured manufacturing rights in 1892.

Whitehead Mark 2 torpedo

Whitehead torpedo Mk.2 (short)Whitehead Mark 2Whitehead Mk 2
The Whitehead Mark 2 torpedo was a Whitehead torpedo adopted by the United States Navy for use in an anti-surface ship role after the E. W. Bliss Company of Brooklyn, New York secured manufacturing rights in 1892.

Whitehead Mark 2C torpedo

Whitehead torpedo Mk.2 (long)Whitehead Mk 2 (Type C)Whitehead Mk 2 Type C
The Whitehead Mark 2C torpedo, also designated Torpedo Type C was a Whitehead torpedo adopted by the United States Navy for use in an anti-surface ship role after the E. W. Bliss Company of Brooklyn, New York secured manufacturing rights in 1892.

Whitehead Mark 3 torpedo

Mark 3Whitehead torpedo Mk.3Whitehead Mk 3 Type A
The Whitehead Mark 3 torpedo was a Whitehead torpedo adopted by the United States Navy for use in an anti-surface ship role after the E. W. Bliss Company of Brooklyn, New York secured manufacturing rights in 1892.

Howell torpedo

Howell Automobile Torpedoown design
Because it had no complicated engine and fuel system, the Howell was much cheaper and easier to build than its main competitor, the Whitehead.

Whitehead Mark 5 torpedo

Whitehead torpedo Mk.5Mark 5 torpedoWhitehead Mk 5
The Whitehead Mark 5 torpedo was a Whitehead torpedo adopted by the United States Navy for use in an anti-surface ship role in 1910.

Royal Arsenal

Woolwich ArsenalWoolwichRoyal Laboratory
In 1871, the Royal Navy bought manufacturing rights, and started producing the torpedo at the Royal Laboratories at Woolwich, England.
Manufacture of Whitehead torpedoes, begun in the Arsenal in 1871 (with the canal used as a testing run for a time) was moved to Greenock in 1911.

Giovanni Luppis

Ivan LupisIvan Lupis-Vukić
It was perfected in 1866 by Robert Whitehead from a design conceived by Giovanni Luppis of the Austro-Hungarian Navy.

Austro-Hungarian Navy

Austrian NavyAustro-HungarianNavy
It was perfected in 1866 by Robert Whitehead from a design conceived by Giovanni Luppis of the Austro-Hungarian Navy.

Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878)

Russo-Turkish WarRusso-Turkish War (1877–78)Russo-Turkish War of 1877–1878
This early torpedo proved itself in combat during the Russo-Turkish War when, on January 16, 1878, the Ottoman ship Intibah was sunk by Russian torpedo boats carrying Whiteheads, though this story has been disputed in one book.

Imperial Russian Navy

Russian Imperial NavyRussian NavyRussian
This early torpedo proved itself in combat during the Russo-Turkish War when, on January 16, 1878, the Ottoman ship Intibah was sunk by Russian torpedo boats carrying Whiteheads, though this story has been disputed in one book.

Electric ray

Torpediniformestorpedo fishelectric rays
The term "torpedo" comes from the Torpedo fish, which is a type of ray that delivers an electric shock to stun its prey.

Batoidea

raysrayray fish
The term "torpedo" comes from the Torpedo fish, which is a type of ray that delivers an electric shock to stun its prey.