Whole grain

whole wheatwhole-grainwhole grainswholemealwhole-wheatwholewholegrainwholewheatGrainwhole grain bread
A whole grain, also called a wholegrain, is a grain of any cereal and pseudocereal that contains the endosperm, germ, and bran, in contrast to refined grains, which retain only the endosperm.wikipedia
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Refined grains

refined grainGrain processingrefined
A whole grain, also called a wholegrain, is a grain of any cereal and pseudocereal that contains the endosperm, germ, and bran, in contrast to refined grains, which retain only the endosperm.
Refined grains, in contrast to whole grains, refers to grain products consisting of grains or grain flours that have been significantly modified from their natural composition.

Cereal

graincerealsgrains
A whole grain, also called a wholegrain, is a grain of any cereal and pseudocereal that contains the endosperm, germ, and bran, in contrast to refined grains, which retain only the endosperm.
In their natural, unprocessed, whole grain form, cereals are a rich source of vitamins, minerals, carbohydrates, fats, oils, and protein.

Bran

rice branwheat branoat bran
A whole grain, also called a wholegrain, is a grain of any cereal and pseudocereal that contains the endosperm, germ, and bran, in contrast to refined grains, which retain only the endosperm.
Along with germ, it is an integral part of whole grains, and is often produced as a byproduct of milling in the production of refined grains.

Wheat

cornTriticumdwarf wheat
Wheat (spelt, emmer, farro einkorn, Kamut, durum)
When eaten as the whole grain, wheat is a source of multiple nutrients and dietary fiber.

Cancer

cancersmalignanciescancerous
By supplying high dietary fiber content, as part of a general healthy diet, consumption of whole grains is associated with lower risk of several diseases, including coronary heart disease, stroke, cancer and type 2 diabetes, with lower all-cause mortality.
Many cancers can be prevented by not smoking, maintaining a healthy weight, not drinking too much alcohol, eating plenty of vegetables, fruits and whole grains, vaccination against certain infectious diseases, not eating too much processed and red meat and avoiding too much sunlight exposure.

Carbohydrate

carbohydratessaccharidecomplex carbohydrates
Whole grains are a source of carbohydrates, multiple nutrients and dietary fiber.
The USDA's Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2010 call for moderate- to high-carbohydrate consumption from a balanced diet that includes six one-ounce servings of grain foods each day, at least half from whole grain sources and the rest from enriched.

Barley

malting barleysix-row barleyH. vulgare
Barley (hulled and dehulled but not pearl)
Considered a whole grain, dehulled barley still has its bran and germ, making it a nutritious and popular health food.

Dietary fiber

fiberdietary fibresoluble fiber
Whole grains are a source of carbohydrates, multiple nutrients and dietary fiber.
Dietary fibers are found in fruits, vegetables and whole grains.

Unifine mill

high speed rotor
Unifine mill
A Unifine mill is a single one-pass impact milling system which produces ultrafine-milled whole-grain wheat flour that requires no grain pre-treatment and no screening of the flour.

Wild rice

Zizaniamanoominwild ricing
Wild rice
Typically sold as a dried whole grain, wild rice is high in protein, the amino acid lysine and dietary fiber, and low in fat.

Cereal germ

germwheat germwheatgerm
A whole grain, also called a wholegrain, is a grain of any cereal and pseudocereal that contains the endosperm, germ, and bran, in contrast to refined grains, which retain only the endosperm.
The germ is retained as an integral part of whole-grain foods.

Diabetes mellitus

diabetesdiabeticdiabetics
In addition, whole-grain consumption is inversely related to hypertension, diabetes, and obesity when compared to refined grains, all of which are negative indicators in total cardiovascular health.
Dietary changes known to be effective in helping to prevent diabetes include maintaining a diet rich in whole grains and fiber, and choosing good fats, such as the polyunsaturated fats found in nuts, vegetable oils, and fish.

Bulgur

burghulbulghurbulgur wheat
"Bulgur (cracked wheat)" (note that "bulgur" by itself may or may not indicate whole grain, and that "cracked wheat" is not synonymous with bulgur)
Bulgur is recognized as a whole grain by the United States Department of Agriculture.

Whole food

whole foodswholefoodswhole-food
Whole foods
Examples of whole foods include whole grains, tubers, legumes, fruits, vegetables.

Whole wheat bread

whole-wheat breadwholemeal breadwhole grain
"Whole wheat bread"
Whole wheat bread or wholemeal bread is a type of bread made using flour that is partly or entirely milled from whole or almost-whole wheat grains, see whole-wheat flour and whole grain.

Alkylresorcinol

alkyl resorcinol
Alkylresorcinols
Increasing evidence from human intervention trials suggests that they are the most promising biomarker of whole grain wheat and rye intake.

Whole Grain Stamp

Oldways Whole Grains CouncilWhole Grains Council
Whole grain stamp
The Whole Grain Stamp was created by the Whole Grains Council and a panel of scientific and culinary advisors in January 2005 as a visual marker to signal products that contain dietarily-significant amounts of whole grains.

Spaghetti

bowl of spaghettispaghetSpaghetti dishes
"Whole wheat spaghetti"
Pasta prepared with whole wheat grain provides more dietary fiber than that prepared with degermed flour.

Ancient grains

Ancient Grain
Ancient Grains
Whole grain

Grain

grainsfood grainfood grains
A whole grain, also called a wholegrain, is a grain of any cereal and pseudocereal that contains the endosperm, germ, and bran, in contrast to refined grains, which retain only the endosperm.

Pseudocereal

pseudocerealsgrain-likegrain
A whole grain, also called a wholegrain, is a grain of any cereal and pseudocereal that contains the endosperm, germ, and bran, in contrast to refined grains, which retain only the endosperm.

Endosperm

albuminousexalbuminouskernel
A whole grain, also called a wholegrain, is a grain of any cereal and pseudocereal that contains the endosperm, germ, and bran, in contrast to refined grains, which retain only the endosperm.

Nutrient

nutrientsessential nutrientmacronutrient
Whole grains are a source of carbohydrates, multiple nutrients and dietary fiber.

Essential amino acid

essential amino acidsessentialnon-essential amino acid
Cereals proteins have low quality, due to deficiencies in essential amino acids, mainly lysine.

Lysine

Lyslysine degradationlysine biosynthesis
Cereals proteins have low quality, due to deficiencies in essential amino acids, mainly lysine.