Whonix

Whonix (formerly TorBOX ) is a Debian GNU/Linux–based security-focused Linux distribution.wikipedia
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Security-focused operating system

security-focusedSecure operating systems
Whonix (formerly TorBOX ) is a Debian GNU/Linux–based security-focused Linux distribution.

Linux distribution

Linux distributionsdistributiondistributions
Whonix (formerly TorBOX ) is a Debian GNU/Linux–based security-focused Linux distribution.

Qubes OS

QubesQubesOS
The supported virtualization engines are VirtualBox, Qubes OS and Linux KVM.
Virtualization is performed by Xen, and user environments can be based on Fedora, Debian, Whonix, and Microsoft Windows, among other operating systems.

Tails (operating system)

TailsTails OSTails operating system
Unlike Tails, Whonix is not "amnesic"; both the Gateway and the Workstation retain their past state across reboots.
According to the Whonix Project, in comparison with other anonymity-focused software or platforms, "Tails is better suited for high-risk users who face aggressive, targeted surveillance."

Tor (anonymity network)

TorTor anonymity networkTor network
The operating system consists of two virtual machines, a "Workstation" and a Tor "Gateway", running Debian GNU/Linux.
Several security-focused operating systems like GNU/Linux distributions including Hardened Linux From Scratch, Incognito, Liberté Linux, Qubes OS, Subgraph, Tails, Tor-ramdisk, and Whonix, make extensive use of Tor.

Debian

Debian GNU/LinuxDebian LinuxDebian Project
Whonix (formerly TorBOX ) is a Debian GNU/Linux–based security-focused Linux distribution. The operating system consists of two virtual machines, a "Workstation" and a Tor "Gateway", running Debian GNU/Linux.

Linux

GNU/LinuxLinux on the desktopLin
Whonix (formerly TorBOX ) is a Debian GNU/Linux–based security-focused Linux distribution.

Privacy

privatepersonal privacyprivacy rights
It aims to provide privacy, security and anonymity on the internet.

Computer security

cybersecuritycyber securitysecurity
It aims to provide privacy, security and anonymity on the internet.

Anonymity

anonymousanonymouslyincognito
It aims to provide privacy, security and anonymity on the internet.

Virtual machine

virtual machinesVMvirtual server
The operating system consists of two virtual machines, a "Workstation" and a Tor "Gateway", running Debian GNU/Linux.

APT (software)

APTAdvanced Packaging Toolapt-get
Updates are distributed via Tor using Debian's apt-get package manager.

VirtualBox

Oracle VirtualBoxVDIPortable-VirtualBox
The supported virtualization engines are VirtualBox, Qubes OS and Linux KVM.

Kernel-based Virtual Machine

KVMLinux KVMVirtIO
The supported virtualization engines are VirtualBox, Qubes OS and Linux KVM.

Network address translation

NATnetwork address translatorPAT
One of these is connected to the outside Internet via NAT on the VM host, and is used to communicate with Tor relays.

IP address

IP addressesIPdynamic IP address
The Workstation VM can "see" only IP addresses on the Internal LAN, which are the same in every Whonix installation.

Monolithic kernel

MonolithicDynamic Extendablekernel