A report on Wilberforce University

Seal of Wilberforce University
Daniel Alexander Payne in the early 1890s

Private historically black university in Wilberforce, Ohio.

- Wilberforce University
Seal of Wilberforce University

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Payne photographed by C. M. Bell

Daniel Payne

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American bishop, educator, college administrator and author.

American bishop, educator, college administrator and author.

Payne photographed by C. M. Bell
Bishop Daniel A. Payne. Frontispiece of Recollections of Seventy Years (1888)

A major shaper of the African Methodist Episcopal Church (A.M.E.), Payne stressed education and preparation of ministers and introduced more order in the church, becoming its sixth bishop and serving for more than four decades (1852–1893) as well as becoming one of the founders of Wilberforce University in Ohio in 1856.

Wilberforce, Ohio

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Census-designated place in Greene County, Ohio, United States.

Census-designated place in Greene County, Ohio, United States.

After Wilberforce College was established in 1856, the community was also named for the English statesman William Wilberforce, who worked for the abolition of slavery and achieved the end of the slave trade in the United Kingdom and its empire.

God Our Father, Christ Our Redeemer, Holy Spirit Our Comforter, Humankind Our Family

African Methodist Episcopal Church

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Predominantly African-American Methodist denomination.

Predominantly African-American Methodist denomination.

God Our Father, Christ Our Redeemer, Holy Spirit Our Comforter, Humankind Our Family
Richard Allen, founder and first bishop (1816–1841)
President Barack Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama attend a church service at Metropolitan African Methodist Episcopal Church in Washington, D.C., on January 20, 2013.
Denmark Vesey memorial in Hampton Park in Charleston, South Carolina
St. John African Methodist Episcopal Church Hamilton Parish, Bermuda
St. John AME Church 125th anniversary plaque
1918 AME Church, Cairo, Illinois
William Paul Quinn, fourth bishop (1849–1873)
Daniel Payne, sixth bishop (1811–1893)
Henry McNeal Turner, twelfth bishop (1834–1915)

In the 19th century, the AME Church of Ohio collaborated with the Methodist Episcopal Church, a predominantly white denomination, in sponsoring the second independent historically black college (HBCU), Wilberforce University in Ohio.

Central State University

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Public, historically black land-grant university in Wilberforce, Ohio.

Public, historically black land-grant university in Wilberforce, Ohio.

Emery Hall

Established by the state legislature in 1887 as a two-year program for teacher and industrial training, it was originally located with Wilberforce University, a four-year institution devoted to classical academic education.

1907 carte-de-visite of Du Bois by James E. Purdy

W. E. B. Du Bois

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American sociologist, socialist, historian and Pan-Africanist civil rights activist.

American sociologist, socialist, historian and Pan-Africanist civil rights activist.

1907 carte-de-visite of Du Bois by James E. Purdy
1907 carte-de-visite of Du Bois by James E. Purdy
As a child, Du Bois attended the Congregational Church in Great Barrington, Massachusetts. Church members collected donations to pay Du Bois's college tuition.
1907 carte-de-visite of Du Bois by James E. Purdy
The title page of Du Bois's Harvard dissertation, Suppression of the African Slave Trade in the United States of America: 1638–1871
Du Bois in 1904
Founders of the Niagara Movement in 1905. Du Bois is in the middle row, with white hat.
Du Bois, c. 1911
Du Bois in 1918, by C.M. Battey
Du Bois included photographs of the lynching of Jesse Washington in the June 1916 issue of The Crisis.
Du Bois organized the 1917 Silent Parade in New York, to protest the East St. Louis riots.
Du Bois documented the 1919 Red Summer race riots. This family is evacuating their house after it was vandalized in the Chicago race riot.
Darkwater: Voices from Within the Veil, first edition cover, 1920
Black Reconstruction in America, first edition cover, 1935
Dusk of Dawn, first edition cover, 1940
Du Bois in 1946, photo by Carl Van Vechten
Du Bois (center) and other defendants from the Peace Information Center prepare for their trial in 1951.
Du Bois meets with Mao Zedong in China in 1959
Du Bois (center) at his 95th birthday party in 1963 in Ghana, with President Kwame Nkrumah (right) and First Lady Fathia Nkrumah
W. E. B. Du Bois, with Mary White Ovington, was honored with a medallion in The Extra Mile.
Bust of W. E. B. Du Bois at Clark Atlanta University
Shirley Graham Du Bois

In the summer of 1894, Du Bois received several job offers, including from the prestigious Tuskegee Institute; he accepted a teaching job at Wilberforce University in Ohio.

Cheyney University was founded in 1837 as the Institute for Colored Youth, making it the oldest HBCU in the nation

Historically black colleges and universities

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Historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs) are institutions of higher education in the United States that were established before the Civil Rights Act of 1964 with the intention of primarily serving the African-American community.

Historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs) are institutions of higher education in the United States that were established before the Civil Rights Act of 1964 with the intention of primarily serving the African-American community.

Cheyney University was founded in 1837 as the Institute for Colored Youth, making it the oldest HBCU in the nation
President George H. W. Bush signs a new Executive Order on historically black colleges and universities in the White House Rose Garden, April 1989
North Carolina A&T State University is the largest HBCU in the nation.
Vice President Kamala Harris with black students attending Historically Black Colleges and Universities
Booker T. Washington, educator, orator, and advisor (Hampton)
W. E. B. Du Bois, sociologist, historian, and activist (Fisk)
Thurgood Marshall, first Black Supreme Court justice (Lincoln, Howard)
Martin Luther King Jr., leader of the civil rights movement (Morehouse)
Toni Morrison, acclaimed novelist and Nobel laureate (Howard)
Jesse Jackson, minister and politician (North Carolina A&T)
Ruth Simmons, first African-American president in the Ivy League (Dillard)
Samuel L. Jackson, actor and film producer (Morehouse)
Oprah Winfrey, talk show host and media mogul (Tenn State)
Spike Lee, film director and producer (Morehouse)
Kamala Harris, Vice President of the United States (Howard)
Taraji P. Henson, actress (Howard)
Common, rapper and actor (Florida A&M)
Chadwick Boseman actor and playwright (Howard)

Wilberforce University was also established prior to the American Civil War; it was founded in 1856 via a collaboration between the African Methodist Episcopal Church of Ohio and the predominantly white Methodist Episcopal Church.

Lewis Woodson

Lewis Woodson

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Educator, minister, writer, and abolitionist.

Educator, minister, writer, and abolitionist.

Lewis Woodson

Woodson was among the original 24 trustees to found Wilberforce University in Ohio in 1856, in a collaboration between the AME and the Cincinnati Methodist Council.

Xenia, Ohio

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City in southwestern Ohio and the county seat of Greene County, Ohio, United States.

City in southwestern Ohio and the county seat of Greene County, Ohio, United States.

Xenia Station is a replica building based on the original Xenia Station
A portion of the Little Miami Scenic Trail in Xenia

After it went out of business, the complex was purchased for use as Wilberforce College, a historically black college founded by a collaboration between the African Methodist Episcopal Church (AME) and the Cincinnati Conference of the Methodist Church.

Young in 1919

Charles Young (United States Army officer)

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American soldier.

American soldier.

Young in 1919
Captain Charles Young in 1903
Charles Young cartoon by Charles Alston, 1943
Young's house near Wilberforce, Ohio

In 1894, Lieutenant Young was assigned to Wilberforce College in Ohio, an historically black college (HBCU), to lead the new military sciences department, established under a special federal grant.

The seminary in 2019

Payne Theological Seminary

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African Methodist Episcopal seminary in Wilberforce, Ohio.

African Methodist Episcopal seminary in Wilberforce, Ohio.

The seminary in 2019
Faculty members, c. 1910

Incorporated in 1894 by the African Methodist Episcopal (AME) Church, it was named after Daniel Alexander Payne, the founder of Wilberforce University.