William Adams (sailor, born 1564)

William AdamsWilliam Adams (sailor)Adams, WilliamMiura Anjina Dutch fleetAnjin MiuraWill Adams
William Adams (24 September 1564 – 16 May 1620), known in Japanese as Miura Anjin (三浦按針: "the pilot of Miura"), was an English navigator who, in 1600, was the first British person to reach Japan during a five-ship expedition for the Dutch East India Company.wikipedia
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Melchior van Santvoort

Of the few survivors of the only ship that reached Japan, Adams and his second mate Jan Joosten were not allowed to leave the country while Jacob Quaeckernaeck and Melchior van Santvoort were to go back to the Dutch Republic to invite them to trade.
Some of his shipmates were Jacob Quaeckernaeck, Jan Joosten, and William Adams.

Jan Joosten van Lodensteijn

Jan JoostenJan Joosten van LodensteynYayōsu
Of the few survivors of the only ship that reached Japan, Adams and his second mate Jan Joosten were not allowed to leave the country while Jacob Quaeckernaeck and Melchior van Santvoort were to go back to the Dutch Republic to invite them to trade.
Some of his shipmates were Jacob Quaeckernaeck, Melchior van Santvoort, and William Adams.

Jacob Quaeckernaeck

Of the few survivors of the only ship that reached Japan, Adams and his second mate Jan Joosten were not allowed to leave the country while Jacob Quaeckernaeck and Melchior van Santvoort were to go back to the Dutch Republic to invite them to trade.
Some of his shipmates were Melchior van Santvoort, Jan Joosten and William Adams.

Samurai

bushibukewarrior
Adams and Joosten settled in Japan and became two of the first ever (and very few) Western samurai.
The English sailor and adventurer William Adams (1564–1620) was, along with Joosten, among the first Westerners to receive the dignity of samurai.

Japanese warship San Buena Ventura

San Buena Venturaa shipJapanese warship ''San Buena Ventura
In 1610, the 120-ton ship (later named San Buena Ventura) was lent to shipwrecked Spanish sailors.
San Buena Ventura was a 120-ton ship built in Japan under the direction of the English navigator and adventurer William Adams for the shōgun Tokugawa Ieyasu.

Usuki, Ōita

UsukiUsuki, OitaCity of Usuki
When the nine surviving crew members were strong enough to stand, they made landfall on 19 April off Bungo (present-day Usuki, Ōita Prefecture).
William Adams reached Bungo, now Usuki City, in April 1600.

Jacques Specx

Two Dutch ships, commanded by Jacques Specx, De Griffioen (the "Griffin", 19 cannons) and Roode Leeuw met Pijlen (the "Red lion with arrows", 400 tons, 26 cannons), were sent from Holland and reached Japan on 2 July 1609.
Jacques Specx received the support of William Adams to obtain extensive trading rights from Tokugawa Ieyasu, the shōgun emeritus, on August 24, 1609, which allowed him to establish a trading factory in Hirado on September 20, 1609.

Yokosuka

Yokosuka, JapanYokosuka, KanagawaOppama
He was granted a fief in Hemi (Jpn: 逸見) within the boundaries of present-day Yokosuka City, "with eighty or ninety husbandmen, that be my slaves or servants" (Letters).
The adventurer William Adams (inspiration for a character in the novel Shōgun), the first Briton to set foot in Japan, arrived at Uraga aboard the Dutch trading vessel Liefde in 1600.

Itō, Shizuoka

ItōItoIto, Shizuoka
The sailing ship was built at the harbour of Itō on the east coast of the Izu Peninsula, with carpenters from the harbour supplying the manpower for the construction of an 80-ton vessel.
It was in this area that the Tokugawa shogunate ordered Englishman William Adams to construct Japan's first western-style sailing vessels in 1604.

Red seal ships

Red Seal ShipRed SealJapanese Christian communities
He was also highly involved in Japan's Red Seal Asian trade, chartering and serving as captain of four expeditions to Southeast Asia.
When the first Europeans started to navigate in the Pacific Ocean (see also Nanban trade period), they regularly encountered Japanese ships, such as when the Spanish welcomed in Manila in 1589 a storm-battered Japanese junk bound for Siam, or when the Dutch circumnavigator Olivier van Noort encountered a 110-ton Japanese junk in the Philippines in December 1600, and on the same voyage a Red Seal ship with a Portuguese captain off Borneo through which they learned about the arrival of William Adams in Japan.

Dirck Gerritsz Pomp

Dirk GerritszDirck GerritszDirck Gerritz
Among the adventurers on the expedition were the English navigator William Adams and his brother Thomas.

Baltazar de Cordes

Balthasar de CordesCordes
One of the vessels, the Liefde ("Love" or "Charity"), reached Japan in 1600, pilot William Adams among the surviving crew.

John Saris

John Saris related that when he visited Edo in 1613, Adams had resale rights for the cargo of a Spanish ship at anchor in Uraga Bay. In 1613, the English captain John Saris arrived at Hirado in the ship Clove, intending to establish a trading factory for the British East India Company.
Although the better known William Adams was the first Englishman to arrive in Japan in April 1600, he did so as the navigator of the Dutch ship Liefde, rather than aboard an English ship.

Tokugawa Ieyasu

Ieyasu TokugawaIeyasuMatsudaira Motoyasu
Soon after Adams's arrival in Japan, he became a key advisor to the shōgun Tokugawa Ieyasu. In 1609 Adams contacted the interim governor of the Philippines, Rodrigo de Vivero y Aberrucia on behalf of Tokugawa Ieyasu, who wished to establish direct trade contacts with New Spain.
From 1605 until his death, Ieyasu consulted frequently with English shipwright and pilot, William Adams, Adams, fluent in Japanese, assisted the shogunate in negotiating trading relations, but was cited by members of the competing Jesuit and Spanish-sponsored mendicant orders as an obstacle to improved relations between Ieyasu and the Roman Catholic Church.

Rodrigo de Vivero, 1st Count of Valle de Orizaba

Rodrigo de Vivero y AberruciaRodrigo de Vivero
In 1609 Adams contacted the interim governor of the Philippines, Rodrigo de Vivero y Aberrucia on behalf of Tokugawa Ieyasu, who wished to establish direct trade contacts with New Spain.
Soon after however, he received messages from William Adams on behalf of Tokugawa Ieyasu, who wished to establish direct trade contacts with New Spain.

Tanaka Shōsuke

They sailed it to New Spain, accompanied by a mission of twenty-two Japanese led by Tanaka Shōsuke.
He had already asked William Adams to exchange trade proposals with the Philippines in 1608, without great success.

João Rodrigues Tçuzu

João RodriguesJoão Rodrigues (missionary)Joao Rodrigues
After a few years, Adams replaced the Jesuit Padre João Rodrigues as the Shogun's official interpreter.
After a successful assault on a Portuguese ship then in Nagasaki Bay, he permitted most of the missionaries to remain but replaced Rodrigues with the Englishman William Adams.

East India Company

British East India CompanyHonourable East India CompanyEnglish East India Company
In 1613, the English captain John Saris arrived at Hirado in the ship Clove, intending to establish a trading factory for the British East India Company.
Saris was the chief factor of the EIC's trading post in Java, and with the assistance of William Adams, a British sailor who had arrived in Japan in 1600, he was able to gain permission from the ruler to establish a commercial house in Hirado on the Japanese island of Kyushu:

Shōgun (1980 miniseries)

ShōgunShogunminiseries
This was adapted as a popular TV mini-series, Shōgun (1980).
The miniseries is loosely based on the adventures of English navigator William Adams, who journeyed to Japan in 1600 and rose to high rank in the service of the shōgun.

Shōgun (novel)

ShōgunShogunShōgun'' (novel)
* James Clavell based his best-selling novel Shōgun (1975) on Adams' life, changing the name of his protagonist to "John Blackthorne".
Toranaga's rise to the shogunate is seen through the eyes of the English sailor John Blackthorne, called Anjin ("Pilot") by the Japanese, whose fictional heroics are loosely based on the historical exploits of William Adams.

Jacques Mahu

Mahu
Liefde was wrecked on the coast of Japan with 24 survivors, one of whom, William Adams, remained as a trader and personal advisor to shōgun Tokugawa Ieyasu.

Japan–United Kingdom relations

Anglo-Japanese relationsJapan-United Kingdom relationsBritish-Japanese relations
The history of the relationship between Japan and England began in 1600 with the arrival of William Adams (Adams the Pilot, Miura Anjin) on the shores of Kyushu at Usuki in Ōita Prefecture.

Gillingham, Kent

GillinghamGillingham, MedwayGillingham Pier
Adams was born in Gillingham, Kent, England.
William Adams mentioned Gillingham in his writings, saying: "... two Englishmiles from Rochester and one mile from Chatham, where the King's ships do lie".

John Blackthorne

fictional English samurai
* James Clavell based his best-selling novel Shōgun (1975) on Adams' life, changing the name of his protagonist to "John Blackthorne".
John Blackthorne is the hero of James Clavell's 1975 novel Shōgun, and is loosely based on the life of the 17th century English navigator William Adams, who was the first Englishman to visit Japan.

Hirado, Nagasaki

HiradoHirado City Hirado Island
After obtaining this trading right through an edict of Tokugawa Ieyasu on 24 August 1609, the Dutch inaugurated a trading factory in Hirado on 20 September 1609.