William Alexander Richardson

Prominent Illinois Democratic politician before and during the American Civil War.

- William Alexander Richardson

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37th United States Congress

Meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives.

Speeches postage-free to District 1960, signature in upper right like 1863.
Transcontinental Railroad, by Act of Congress, July 1, 1861
Greenback Dollar featuring U.S. Secretary of the Treasury Salmon Chase, "Act of July 11, 1862"
Senate at the beginning of the Congress
House of Representatives at the beginning of Congress
President of the Senate Hannibal Hamlin
President pro tempore Solomon Foot
<center>Sen. Lyman Trumbull 1st Confiscation Act</center>
<center>Gen. John C. Fremont Missouri Emancipation</center>
<center>Sen. Orville H. Browning DC Emancipation</center>
<center>Sen. Timothy O. Howe Army accepts Fugitives</center>
<center>Gen. David Hunter SC-GA-FL Emancipation</center>
<center>Sen. William Fessenden 2nd Confiscation Act</center>
<center>Sen. Ben Wade OH showed army corruption</center>
<center>Sen. Z. Chandler MI made & broke generals</center>

William A. Richardson (D), from January 12, 1863

Transylvania University

Private university in Lexington, Kentucky.

Seal of Transylvania University
Seal of Transylvania University
Henry Clay served as professor of law during the 1800s
The original seal of Transylvania University
Alumnus John C. Breckinridge; Democratic U.S. Vice President
Carpenter Academic Center and the Transylvania Lawn
Academic Side of Campus in April 2016
Horace Holley led Transylvania from 1818 to 1827.
Residential Side of Campus in April 2016 Showing Construction
Old Morrison
Pumpkins lit on the steps of Old Morrison
Transylvania athletic logo
Medical Hall, which burned down in 1863

William Alexander Richardson (1811–1875), U.S. Senator from Illinois, graduated 1831

32nd United States Congress

Meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives.

Uncle Tom's Cabin was published in 1852

. William A. Richardson (D)

33rd United States Congress

Meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives.

Gadsden Purchase (in yellow)
President of the Senate
William R. King
Senate President pro tempore
David R. Atchison
Senate President pro tempore
Jesse D. Bright

. William A. Richardson (D)

30th United States Congress

Meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives.

Sutter's Mill, origin of the California Gold Rush
Mapa de los Estados Unidos de Méjico by John Distrunell: the 1847 map used during negotiations of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
President of the Senate George M. Dallas
Senate President pro tempore David R. Atchison
Speaker of the House Robert C. Winthrop
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. William A. Richardson (D), from December 6, 1847

Richardson County, Nebraska

Easternmost county in the U.S. state of Nebraska.

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It was named after William A. Richardson, a US Representative from the state of Illinois who had sponsored the Kansas-Nebraska Act; subsequently, in 1858, Richardson was appointed governor of the Nebraska Territory.

Stephen A. Douglas

American politician and lawyer from Illinois.

Photo by Mathew Brady
Stephen A. Douglas
Adele Cutts, c. 1860
The United States in 1849, with Texas's land claims on New Mexico shown
The United States after the Compromise of 1850
Forcing Slavery Down the Throat of a Freesoiler – An 1856 cartoon depicts a giant "Free Soiler" being held down by James Buchanan and Lewis Cass standing on the Democratic platform marked "Kansas", "Cuba" and "Central America". Franklin Pierce also holds down the giant's beard as Douglas shoves a black man down his throat. A victim of lynching can also be seen in the background.
Stephen A. Douglas, photograph by Mathew Brady
Abraham Lincoln was Douglas's opponent in both the 1858 Senate election in Illinois and the 1860 presidential election.
Statue of Douglas at the site of the 1858 debate in Freeport, Illinois
Douglas (dark blue) had the support of most Northern delegates on the presidential ballot of the 1860 Democratic National Convention.
Douglas was defeated by Abraham Lincoln in the 1860 presidential election, as he won electoral votes from just two states.
Plaque at the Old State Capitol in Springfield, Illinois, commemorating Douglas's "Protect The Flag" speech of April 25, 1861
Douglas's tomb
Douglas's widow, Adele, in mourning dress. From the Liljenquist Family Collection of Civil War Photographs, Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress
Douglas depicted on the Series 1875 $10,000 Certificate of Deposit

Buchanan dominated in the South, but Frémont won several Northern states and Douglas ally William Alexander Richardson lost the 1856 Illinois gubernatorial election.

34th United States Congress

Meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives.

President pro tempore Jesse D. Bright
President pro tempore James M. Mason
Speaker of the House Nathaniel P. Banks

. William A. Richardson (D), until August 25, 1856

William Henry Bissell

The 11th Governor of the U.S. state of Illinois from 1857 until his death.

In the gubernatorial election of 1856, Abraham Lincoln determined that a former Democrat stood the best chance of defeating the Democratic candidate, William Alexander Richardson of Quincy, a subordinate of Douglas'.

31st United States Congress

Meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives.

President of the Senate Millard Fillmore

. William A. Richardson (D)