A report on William Camden

William Camden
Hand-coloured frontispiece and title page of the 1607 edition of Britannia
Camden as Clarenceux King of Arms in the funeral procession of Elizabeth I, 1603
Frontispiece and title page of a 1675 edition of the Annales
Camden (by Marcus Gheeraerts the Younger, 1609)
The William Camden, a pub in Bexleyheath, several miles from Chislehurst, where Camden lived for much of his life

English antiquarian, historian, topographer, and herald, best known as author of Britannia, the first chorographical survey of the islands of Great Britain and Ireland, and the Annales, the first detailed historical account of the reign of Elizabeth I of England.

- William Camden
William Camden

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Ole Worm's cabinet of curiosities, from Museum Wormianum, 1655

Antiquarian

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Aficionado or student of antiquities or things of the past.

Aficionado or student of antiquities or things of the past.

Ole Worm's cabinet of curiosities, from Museum Wormianum, 1655
"Antiquaries": portraits of 20 influential antiquaries and historians published in Crabb's Universal Historical Dictionary (1825). Featured are: Giraldus Cambrensis, John Leland, Guido Panciroli, John Stow, William Camden, Justus Lipsius, Joseph Justus Scaliger, Johannes Meursius, Hubert Goltzius, Henry Spelman, Charles Patin, Philipp Clüver, William Dugdale, Claudius Salmasius, Friedrich Spanheim, Johann Georg Graevius, Jakob Gronovius, Thomas Hearne, John Strype, and Elias Ashmole.
William Camden (1551–1623), author of the Britannia, wearing the tabard and chain of office of Clarenceux King of Arms. Originally published in the 1695 edition of Britannia.
Pit Mead Roman villa mosaic, illustrations by Catherine Downes, engraved by James Basire and presented to the SAL by Daines Barrington
The Puzzle (1756): etching by John Bowles. In one variation on a recurrent joke, four antiquaries struggle to decipher what seems to be an ancient inscription, but which is in fact a crude memorial in English to Claud Coster, tripe-seller, and his wife. The print is ironically dedicated to "the Penetrating Genius's of Oxford, Cambridge, Eaton, Westminster, and the Learned Society of Antiquarians".
Le Singe Antiquaire (c. 1726) by Jean-Siméon Chardin
Thomas Rowlandson's caricature, Death and the Antiquaries, 1816. A group of antiquaries cluster eagerly around the exhumed corpse of a king, oblivious to the jealous figure of Death aiming his dart at one of them. The image was inspired by the opening of the tomb of Edward I in Westminster Abbey by the Society of Antiquaries in 1774.
The entrance to the premises of the Society of Antiquaries of London, at Burlington House, Piccadilly.

The importance placed on lineage in early modern Europe meant that antiquarianism was often closely associated with genealogy, and a number of prominent antiquaries (including Robert Glover, William Camden, William Dugdale and Elias Ashmole) held office as professional heralds.

Ptolemy as imagined by a 16th-century artist

Chorography

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Art of describing or mapping a region or district, and by extension such a description or map.

Art of describing or mapping a region or district, and by extension such a description or map.

Ptolemy as imagined by a 16th-century artist
William Camden
Example of Christopher Saxton's cartography
Ferdinand von Richthofen

The most influential example (at least in Britain) was probably William Camden's Britannia (first edition 1586), which described itself on its title page as a Chorographica descriptio.

Line engraving by Charles Grignion the Elder (1772), purportedly taken from a bust of John Leland at All Souls College, Oxford. Sculptor Louis François Roubiliac (d. 1762) probably created the original bust.

John Leland (antiquary)

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English poet and antiquary.

English poet and antiquary.

Line engraving by Charles Grignion the Elder (1772), purportedly taken from a bust of John Leland at All Souls College, Oxford. Sculptor Louis François Roubiliac (d. 1762) probably created the original bust.
John Leland, by Thomas Charles Wageman after Hans Holbein the Younger
Woodcut by Hans Holbein the Younger from Leland's Naenia (1542), showing Sir Thomas Wyatt

Although Leland's Itinerary notes remained unpublished until the eighteenth century, they provided a significant quarry of data and descriptions for William Camden's Britannia (first edition, 1586), and many other antiquarian works.

Coat of arms

Westminster School

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Public school in Westminster, London, England, in the precincts of Westminster Abbey.

Public school in Westminster, London, England, in the precincts of Westminster Abbey.

Coat of arms
Little Dean's Yard from Liddell's Arch
The entrance to Dean's Yard and Westminster School war memorial viewed from the Queen Elizabeth II Conference Centre in August 2012
Liddell's arch, the main entrance to Little Dean's Yard
Liddell's House, and the school reception, taken from Dean's Yard
The School often uses St John's, Smith Square as a venue for major musical concerts.
The phoenix which was placed on the roof of school in the 1950s to commemorate the school's resurgence after World War II
Ashburnham House, as seen in 1880
Pupils fight for the pancake (left), watched by the dean of Westminster Abbey and the head master (right). The set of scales determines the winner.
Rigaud's House (far right), Grant's House (right), residence of the Master of the Queen's Scholars (centre), College (far left, top floors) and the Houses of Wren's and Dryden's (far left, ground floor)
At inter-house sporting events, pupils wear house T-shirts, which are in house colours and feature the name of the house (except the College T-shirt which has no text).
Westminster School Boat Club's boathouse in Putney
The school playing fields in Vincent Square
A monument to commemorate former pupils who died in the Crimean War, situated in the Sanctuary, next to the Great West Door of Westminster Abbey

Elizabeth I appointed William Camden as Head Master, and he is the only layman known to have held the position until 1937.

Monument with effigy of John Stow, Church of St Andrew Undershaft, City of London, with arms of the Worshipful Company of Merchant Taylors and Latin inscription: "Either do things worth writing or write things worth reading"

John Stow

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English historian and antiquarian.

English historian and antiquarian.

Monument with effigy of John Stow, Church of St Andrew Undershaft, City of London, with arms of the Worshipful Company of Merchant Taylors and Latin inscription: "Either do things worth writing or write things worth reading"
Stow's Survay of London, 1618 edition
The church of St Andrew Undershaft, London
An 18th-century engraving of Stow's monument

Stow was in close contact with many of the leading antiquarians of his day, including Archbishop Matthew Parker, John Joscelyn, John Dee, William Fleetwood, William Lambarde, Robert Glover, Henry Savile, William Camden, Henry Ferrers and Thomas Hatcher.

Portrait attributed to Marcus Gheeraerts the Younger

William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley

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English statesman, the chief adviser of Queen Elizabeth I for most of her reign, twice Secretary of State (1550–1553 and 1558–1572) and Lord High Treasurer from 1572.

English statesman, the chief adviser of Queen Elizabeth I for most of her reign, twice Secretary of State (1550–1553 and 1558–1572) and Lord High Treasurer from 1572.

Portrait attributed to Marcus Gheeraerts the Younger
Quartered arms of William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley, KG
Coat of arms of William Cecil as found in John Gerard's The herball or Generall historie of plantes (1597)
Engraving of Queen Elizabeth I, William Cecil and Sir Francis Walsingham, by William Faithorne, 1655
Cecil presiding over the Court of Wards
Burghley House
Tomb of William Cecil in St Martin's, Stamford

Pedigrees, elaborated by Cecil himself with the help of William Camden the antiquary, associated him with the Welsh Cecils or Seisyllts of Allt-Yr-Ynys, Walterstone, on the border of Herefordshire and Monmouthshire.

Ralph Brooke, York Herald, frontispiece to the 1723 edition of A Discoverie of Certaine Errours Published in Print in the Much Commended 'Britannia' 1594

Ralph Brooke

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English Officer of Arms in the reigns of Elizabeth I and James I.

English Officer of Arms in the reigns of Elizabeth I and James I.

Ralph Brooke, York Herald, frontispiece to the 1723 edition of A Discoverie of Certaine Errours Published in Print in the Much Commended 'Britannia' 1594
Arms of Ralph Brooke, granted 1593: Or, a cross engrailed per pale gules & sable, on a chief gules a lion passant guardant or; as Rouge Croix he bore: Gules, on a bend argent a cross throughout gules; crest: On a torse or & sable a hand fessways joined to an open wing argent & holding a sword erect proper entwined with a spray of leaves vert
Ralph Brooke in the funeral procession of Elizabeth I.
1784 engraving of mural monument to Ralph Brooke in the chancel of St Mary's Church, Reculver; destroyed when the church was rebuilt

He is known for his critiques of the work of other members of the College of Arms, most particularly in A Discoverie of Certaine Errours Published in Print in the Much Commended 'Britannia' 1594, which touched off a feud with its author, the revered antiquarian and herald William Camden.

Philemon Holland, aged 80. An engraving by William Marshall, from a drawing by Henry Holland, Philemon's son, published in Philemon's translation of Xenophon's Cyrupaedia (1632).

Philemon Holland

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English schoolmaster, physician and translator.

English schoolmaster, physician and translator.

Philemon Holland, aged 80. An engraving by William Marshall, from a drawing by Henry Holland, Philemon's son, published in Philemon's translation of Xenophon's Cyrupaedia (1632).
Mural tablet to Philemon Holland in Holy Trinity Church, Coventry

He is known for the first English translations of several works by Livy, Pliny the Elder, and Plutarch, and also for translating William Camden's Britannia into English.

A 16th- or 17th-century portrait of Lambarde by an unidentified artist

William Lambarde

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English antiquarian, writer on legal subjects, and politician.

English antiquarian, writer on legal subjects, and politician.

A 16th- or 17th-century portrait of Lambarde by an unidentified artist
Title page of the first authorized edition of Lambarde's Archeion (1635)

Lambarde considered writing a similar work for all of Britain, but he set the idea aside when he learned that William Camden was already working on the same project.

Portrait of Robert Cotton, commissioned 1626 and attributed to Cornelis Janssens van Ceulen

Sir Robert Cotton, 1st Baronet, of Connington

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Member of Parliament and an antiquarian who founded the Cotton library.

Member of Parliament and an antiquarian who founded the Cotton library.

Portrait of Robert Cotton, commissioned 1626 and attributed to Cornelis Janssens van Ceulen
A bust of Robert Cotton by Louis-François Roubiliac
Robert Cotton in 1629, the year that he was forced to close the Cotton library by Charles I because the content within the library was believed to be harmful to the interests of the Royalists
Cotton Nero A.x.

Cotton was educated at Westminster School where he was a pupil of the antiquarian William Camden, under whose influence he began to study antiquarian topics.