William Cavendish, 6th Duke of Devonshire

6th Duke of DevonshireDuke of DevonshireThe Duke of Devonshire6th DukeWilliam Cavendishsixth Duke of DevonshireDevonshirehis cousinLord Cavendishmale child
William George Spencer Cavendish, 6th Duke of Devonshire, (21 May 1790 – 18 January 1858), styled Marquess of Hartington until 1811, was a British peer, courtier, nobleman, and Whig politician.wikipedia
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Georgiana Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire

Duchess of DevonshireLady Georgiana SpencerGeorgiana, Duchess of Devonshire
Born in Paris, France, Devonshire was the son of William Cavendish, 5th Duke of Devonshire, and Lady Georgiana, daughter of John Spencer, 1st Earl Spencer.
Of noble birth from the Spencer family, married into the Cavendish family, she was the first wife of William Cavendish, 5th Duke of Devonshire, and the mother of the 6th Duke of Devonshire.

William Cavendish, 5th Duke of Devonshire

William CavendishDuke of Devonshire5th Duke of Devonshire
Born in Paris, France, Devonshire was the son of William Cavendish, 5th Duke of Devonshire, and Lady Georgiana, daughter of John Spencer, 1st Earl Spencer.
By his first wife, he had one son (William Cavendish, 6th Duke of Devonshire, sometimes called "The Bachelor Duke", who succeeded him and who died unmarried in 1858), and two daughters: Lady Georgiana "Little G" Cavendish, later the Countess of Carlisle (wife of George Howard, 6th Earl of Carlisle), and Lady Harriet "Harryo" Cavendish, later the Countess Granville (wife of Lord Granville Leveson-Gower, who would be created 1st Earl Granville).

Lord Chamberlain

Lord Chamberlain of the HouseholdKing's Chamberlainchamberlain
Known as the "Bachelor Duke", he was Lord Chamberlain of the Household between 1827 and 1828 and again between 1830 and 1834.

Joseph Paxton

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He befriended Sir Joseph Paxton, then employed at the Royal Horticultural Society's Chiswick Gardens, located close to Devonshire's London estate Chiswick House, and appointed him his head gardener at Chatsworth House in 1826, despite Paxton being only in his early twenties at the time.
The Horticultural Society's gardens were close to the gardens of William Cavendish, 6th Duke of Devonshire at Chiswick House.

Chatsworth House

ChatsworthChatsworth EstateChatsworth House estate
He befriended Sir Joseph Paxton, then employed at the Royal Horticultural Society's Chiswick Gardens, located close to Devonshire's London estate Chiswick House, and appointed him his head gardener at Chatsworth House in 1826, despite Paxton being only in his early twenties at the time.
The 6th Duke (known as 'the Bachelor Duke') was a passionate traveller, builder, gardener and collector who transformed Chatsworth.

The Crystal Palace

Crystal PalaceCrystal Palace CompanyCrystal Palace Bowl
Paxton greatly expanded the gardens at Chatsworth, including the construction of a 277 foot long conservatory, which served as a model for The Crystal Palace constructed in London's Hyde Park.
At this time, Paxton was chiefly known for his celebrated career as the head gardener for the 6th Duke of Devonshire at Chatsworth House, and by 1850 he had become a preeminent figure in British horticulture and had also earned great renown as a freelance garden designer; his works included the pioneering public gardens at Birkenhead Park which directly influenced the design of New York's Central Park.

Derby Museum and Art Gallery

Derby MuseumDerby Art GalleryDerby Town and County Museum and Natural History Society
In that position, he was instrumental in the creation of the Derby Museum and Art Gallery in 1836.
The patron of the Museum Society was William Cavendish, 6th Duke of Devonshire, and the President was Sir George Crewe who was a keen naturalist.

Edensor

Edensor Housevillage
His major projects including the wholesale rebuilding of the village of Edensor, and significant improvement to his several stately houses and their gardens.
Originally the village was close to the River Derwent immediately below Chatsworth, but between 1838 and 1842 William Cavendish, 6th Duke of Devonshire had it moved out of sight over a hill, apart from one cottage whose tenant did not want to move, which still stands in Chatsworth Park.

Cavendish banana

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The Cavendish banana is named after him.
Cavendish bananas were named after William Cavendish, 6th Duke of Devonshire.

Lady Caroline Lamb

Lady Caroline PonsonbyLady CarolineCaroline
He intended to marry Lady Caroline Ponsonby, his cousin, but she married William Lamb, which he found devastating.
After returning with her mother to England, she rejoined a lively menage of children who lived at Devonshire House and Roehampton, her cousins, the children of William Cavendish, 5th Duke of Devonshire: by his first marriage, to Lady Georgiana Spencer, three children, Lady Georgiana ("Little G"), Lady Harriet Cavendish ("Hary-o"), and Lord Hartington ("Hart", later the 6th Duke of Devonshire); and by his mistress and second wife, Lady Elizabeth Foster, two children, Augustus Clifford and Caroline St Jules, later wife of George Lamb (politician and writer).

Lord Lieutenant of Derbyshire

DerbyshireLieutenancy Office, DerbyshireList of Lord Lieutenants of Derbyshire
Devonshire was also Lord Lieutenant of Derbyshire between 1811 and 1858 and carried the Orb at the coronation of George IV in 1821.
William Cavendish, 6th Duke of Devonshire 27 August 1811 – 18 January 1858

Baron Clifford

Baron Clifford (1628)barony of CliffordClifford
His junior title of Baron Clifford fell into abeyance between his sisters, Georgiana, Countess of Carlisle, and Harriet, Countess Granville.
Then the barony of Clifford was held by the Dukes of Devonshire until the death of William Cavendish, 6th Duke of Devonshire in 1858, since when it has been in abeyance.

William Cavendish, 7th Duke of Devonshire

Duke of Devonshire7th Duke of DevonshireWilliam Cavendish
As he was unmarried the dukedom passed to his cousin William Cavendish, 2nd Earl of Burlington.
Devonshire married Blanche Georgiana Howard (11 January 1812 – 27 April 1840), daughter of George Howard, 6th Earl of Carlisle and Georgiana Cavendish, sister of the 6th Duke of Devonshire, known as the "Bachelor Duke", in 1829.

James Lees-Milne

Lees-Milne, JamesJames Lees Milne
*James Lees-Milne: The Bachelor Duke: Life of William Spencer Cavendish, 6th Duke of Devonshire, 1790-1858 (1991).
Lees-Milne, though, also wrote other works, which included several biographies—for instance of Harold Nicolson, The Bachelor Duke of Devonshire, and Lord Esher—and an autobiographical novel.

Duke of Devonshire

Dukes of DevonshireDevonshireCavendish family
William George Spencer Cavendish, 6th Duke of Devonshire (1790–1858), only son of the 5th Duke, was called "The Bachelor Duke" and died unmarried

Whigs (British political party)

WhigWhigsWhig Party
William George Spencer Cavendish, 6th Duke of Devonshire, (21 May 1790 – 18 January 1858), styled Marquess of Hartington until 1811, was a British peer, courtier, nobleman, and Whig politician.

The Chainsmokers

Paris, FranceParisCity of Paris
Born in Paris, France, Devonshire was the son of William Cavendish, 5th Duke of Devonshire, and Lady Georgiana, daughter of John Spencer, 1st Earl Spencer.

France

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Born in Paris, France, Devonshire was the son of William Cavendish, 5th Duke of Devonshire, and Lady Georgiana, daughter of John Spencer, 1st Earl Spencer.

John Spencer, 1st Earl Spencer

John SpencerEarl SpencerJohn
Born in Paris, France, Devonshire was the son of William Cavendish, 5th Duke of Devonshire, and Lady Georgiana, daughter of John Spencer, 1st Earl Spencer.

Harrow School

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He was educated at Harrow and at Trinity College, Cambridge.

Trinity College, Cambridge

Trinity CollegeTrinity3rd Trinity
He was educated at Harrow and at Trinity College, Cambridge.

English country house

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Along with the title, he inherited eight stately homes and some 200,000 acres (809 km² or 80,900 ha) of land.

Catholic emancipation

emancipationCatholic Emancipation ActRoman Catholic Emancipation
He supported Catholic emancipation, the abolition of slavery and reduced factory working hours.

Abolitionism in the United Kingdom

abolitionistabolition of slaveryabolition
He supported Catholic emancipation, the abolition of slavery and reduced factory working hours.