William Ewart Gladstone

GladstoneWilliam GladstoneW. E. GladstoneGladstonianMr GladstoneMr. GladstonePrime Minister GladstoneGladstone governmentW.E. GladstoneGladstones
William Ewart Gladstone (29 December 1809 – 19 May 1898) was a British statesman and Liberal Party politician.wikipedia
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Liberal Party (UK)

LiberalLiberal PartyLiberals
William Ewart Gladstone (29 December 1809 – 19 May 1898) was a British statesman and Liberal Party politician.
By the end of the 19th century, it had formed four governments under William Gladstone.

George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen

Lord AberdeenEarl of AberdeenThe Earl of Aberdeen
He was Chancellor under Lord Aberdeen (1852–1855), Lord Palmerston (1859–1865) and Lord Russell (1865–1866).
Nonetheless his Peelite colleague, later himself Prime Minister, William Ewart Gladstone, said of him that he was "the man in public life of all others whom I have . I say emphatically . I have others, but never like him".

Gladstonian liberalism

GladstonianGladstonian liberalGladstonian Liberals
Gladstone's own political doctrine—which emphasised equality of opportunity, free trade, and laissez-faire economic policies—came to be known as Gladstonian liberalism.
Gladstonian liberalism is a political doctrine named after the British Victorian Prime Minister and leader of the Liberal Party, William Ewart Gladstone.

Sir John Gladstone, 1st Baronet

Sir John GladstoneJohn GladstoneJohn
Born in 1809 in Liverpool, at 62 Rodney Street, William Ewart Gladstone was the fourth son of the merchant John Gladstone, and his second wife, Anne MacKenzie Robertson.
Sir John Gladstone of Fasque, 1st Baronet, FRSE LLD (11 December 1764 – 7 December 1851) was a Scottish merchant, slave-trader, Member of Parliament, and the father of the British Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone.

Chancellor of the Exchequer

ChancellorChancellors of the ExchequerSpokesperson for the Treasury
He also served as Chancellor of the Exchequer four times.
The original Budget briefcase was first used by William Ewart Gladstone in 1853 and continued in use until 1965 when James Callaghan was the first chancellor to break with tradition when he used a newer box.

Church of Ireland

AnglicanProtestantIrish Anglican
Many reforms were passed during his first ministry, including the disestablishment of the Church of Ireland and the introduction of secret voting.
Despite its numerical minority, however, the Church of Ireland remained the official state church until the Irish Church Act 1869 disestablished it on 1 January 1871, under Queen Victoria and her Liberal government led by William Ewart Gladstone.

Thomas Gladstones

His grandfather Thomas Gladstones (1732–1762) was a prominent merchant from Leith, and his maternal grandfather, Andrew Robertson, was Provost of Dingwall and a Sheriff-Substitute of Ross-shire.
He was the father of Sir John Gladstone and the grandfather of the British prime minister William Ewart Gladstone.

Siege of Khartoum

Khartoumfall of KhartoumRelief of Khartoum
After the 1880 general election, Gladstone formed his second ministry (1880–1885), which saw the passage of the Third Reform Act as well as crises in Egypt (culminating in the Fall of Khartoum) and Ireland, where his government passed repressive measures but also improved the legal rights of Irish tenant farmers.
Prime Minister William Gladstone and War Secretary Lord Hartington did not wish to become involved in Sudan and persuaded the Egyptian government to evacuate all their garrisons in Sudan.

Gladstone baronets

7th Gladstone BaronetbaronetBaronetcy of Fasque and Balfour
His father was made a baronet, of Fasque and Balfour, in 1846.
It was created on 18 July 1846 for the Scottish businessman and politician John Gladstone, father of prime minister William Ewart Gladstone.

1880 United Kingdom general election

18801880 general electiongeneral election of 1880
After the 1880 general election, Gladstone formed his second ministry (1880–1885), which saw the passage of the Third Reform Act as well as crises in Egypt (culminating in the Fall of Khartoum) and Ireland, where his government passed repressive measures but also improved the legal rights of Irish tenant farmers.
Intense rhetoric of the election was provided by the Midlothian campaign of the Liberals, led by the fierce oratory of Liberal leader William Ewart Gladstone.

John Neilson Gladstone

JohnJohn Gladstone
In 1814, young "Willy" visited Scotland for the first time, as he and his brother John travelled with their father to Edinburgh, Biggar and Dingwall to visit their relatives.
His younger brother was the British Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone, and his elder brother Thomas was also a MP.

Catherine Gladstone

Catherine GlynneCatherineGlynne
The following year, having met her in 1834 at the London home of Old Etonian friend and then fellow-Conservative MP James Milnes Gaskell, he married Catherine Glynne, to whom he remained married until his death 59 years later.
Catherine Gladstone (6 January 1812 – 14 June 1900) was the wife of British statesman William Ewart Gladstone for 59 years, from 1839 until his death in 1898.

Henry Gladstone, 1st Baron Gladstone of Hawarden

Henry Neville GladstoneHenry GladstoneLord Gladstone of Hawarden
Henry Neville Gladstone (2 April 1852 – 28 April 1935); he married Hon. Maud Rendel on 30 January 1890.
He was the third son of Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone.

Oxford Union

UnionOxford Union SocietyOxford
Gladstone served as President of the Oxford Union, where he developed a reputation as an orator, which followed him into the House of Commons.
The Gladstone Room also contains William Ewart Gladstone's original cabinet table, semi-circular in design so that he could look all his ministers in the eye as he held forth.

Newark (UK Parliament constituency)

NewarkNewark (seat 1/2)Newark-on-Trent
Upon his return to England, William was elected to Parliament in 1832 as a Tory Member of Parliament (MP) for Newark, partly through the influence of the local patron, the Duke of Newcastle.
The future Prime Minister, William Ewart Gladstone, began his political career as Member of Parliament for Newark from 1832 to 1845.

Seaforth, Merseyside

SeaforthSeaforth, Lancashire
William Gladstone was educated from 1816–1821 at a preparatory school at the vicarage of St. Thomas' Church at Seaforth, close to his family's residence, Seaforth House.
Another theory for the name of the area is that it was taken from Seaforth House, named after Francis Mackenzie, 1st Baron Seaforth, who built the mansion in 1813 for his daughter and her husband, Sir John Gladstone, father of William Ewart Gladstone, four times Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.

Biggar, South Lanarkshire

BiggarBiggar, Scotland
In 1814, young "Willy" visited Scotland for the first time, as he and his brother John travelled with their father to Edinburgh, Biggar and Dingwall to visit their relatives.
Biggar was the birthplace of Thomas Gladstones, the grandfather of William Ewart Gladstone.

William Henry Gladstone

W. H. GladstoneWilliam HenryWH Gladstone
William Henry Gladstone MP (3 June 1840 – 4 July 1891); married Hon. Gertrude Stuart (daughter of Charles Stuart, 12th Lord Blantyre) on 30 September 1875. They had three children.
William Henry Gladstone (3 June 1840 – 4 July 1891) was a British Liberal Party Member of Parliament, and the eldest son of Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone and his wife Catherine née Glynne.

Sir Stephen Glynne, 9th Baronet

Sir Stephen GlynneGlynneSir Stephen Glynne, Bt
He never actually owned Hawarden, which belonged first to his brother-in-law Sir Stephen Glynne, and was then inherited by Gladstone's eldest son in 1874.
He was a brother-in-law of the Liberal Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone.

Oxford University (UK Parliament constituency)

Oxford UniversityOxford University (seat 1/2)Oxford
He was re-elected for the University of Oxford (i.e. representing the MA graduates of the University) at the General Election in 1847—Peel had once held this seat but had lost it because of his espousal of Catholic Emancipation in 1829.
The only exception was William Ewart Gladstone, formerly "the rising hope of the stern unbending Tories".

Rodney Street, Liverpool

Rodney StreetRodney St
Born in 1809 in Liverpool, at 62 Rodney Street, William Ewart Gladstone was the fourth son of the merchant John Gladstone, and his second wife, Anne MacKenzie Robertson.
No. 62 (built 1792–1793) was the birthplace in 1809 of William Ewart Gladstone, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom on four separate occasions through the 1860s to the 1890s, and the home of his father John.

Seaforth House

William Gladstone was educated from 1816–1821 at a preparatory school at the vicarage of St. Thomas' Church at Seaforth, close to his family's residence, Seaforth House.
Seaforth House was a mansion in Seaforth, Merseyside England built in 1813 for Sir John Gladstone, father of William Ewart Gladstone who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom four times.

Robert Peel

Sir Robert PeelPeelSir Robert Peel, Bt
He first entered the House of Commons in 1832, beginning his political career as a High Tory, a grouping which became the Conservative Party under Robert Peel in 1834.
His Peelite followers, led by Lord Aberdeen and William Gladstone, went on to fuse with the Whigs as the Liberal Party.

Colin Matthew

Matthew, H. C. G.H. C. G. MatthewH.C.G. Matthew
H.C.G. Matthew has written that Gladstone "made finance and figures exciting, and succeeded in constructing budget speeches epic in form and performance, often with lyrical interludes to vary the tension in the Commons as the careful exposition of figures and argument was brought to a climax".
He was an editor of the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography and editor of the diaries of William Ewart Gladstone.

James Milnes Gaskell

The following year, having met her in 1834 at the London home of Old Etonian friend and then fellow-Conservative MP James Milnes Gaskell, he married Catherine Glynne, to whom he remained married until his death 59 years later.
His political interest may have been influenced by meeting lifelong friend William Ewart Gladstone as a school contemporary, and receiving visits during term from George Canning.