William Kennedy Dickson

William DicksonWilliam K.L. DicksonWilliam Kennedy Laurie DicksonW. K. L. DicksonW.K-L. DicksonW.K.L DicksonW.K.L. DicksonWilliam DixonWilliam K. DicksonWilliam K. L. Dickson
William Kennedy-Laurie Dickson (3 August 1860 – 28 September 1935) was a Scottish inventor who devised an early motion picture camera under the employment of Thomas Edison (post-dating the work of Louis Le Prince).wikipedia
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Louis Le Prince

Louis Aimé Augustin Le PrinceMan Walking Around A CornerTraffic Crossing Leeds Bridge
William Kennedy-Laurie Dickson (3 August 1860 – 28 September 1935) was a Scottish inventor who devised an early motion picture camera under the employment of Thomas Edison (post-dating the work of Louis Le Prince).
This work may have been slightly in advance of the inventions of contemporaneous moving-picture pioneers such as William Friese-Greene and Wordsworth Donisthorpe, and years in advance of that of Auguste and Louis Lumière, and William Kennedy Dickson (who did the moving image work for Thomas Edison).

35 mm film

35 mm35mm35mm film
He slit a medium format roll film, which is 70 mm wide, and perforated the resultant 35 mm film, a standard format which is still in use to this day in cinema and photography.
The 35 mm width, originally specified as 1 3⁄8 inches, was introduced in 1892 by William Dickson and Thomas Edison, using 120 film stock supplied by George Eastman.

Thomas Edison

EdisonThomas Alva EdisonThomas A. Edison
William Kennedy-Laurie Dickson (3 August 1860 – 28 September 1935) was a Scottish inventor who devised an early motion picture camera under the employment of Thomas Edison (post-dating the work of Louis Le Prince).
He did the electromechanical design while his employee W. K. L. Dickson, a photographer, worked on the photographic and optical development.


Xylonitefilmcelluloid film
William Dickson invented the first, practical, celluloid film, for this application.
A 15 in sheet of Carbutt's film was used by William Dickson for the early Edison motion picture experiments on a cylinder drum Kinetograph.

Movie camera

motion picture cameracamerafilm cameras
William Kennedy-Laurie Dickson (3 August 1860 – 28 September 1935) was a Scottish inventor who devised an early motion picture camera under the employment of Thomas Edison (post-dating the work of Louis Le Prince).
William Kennedy Laurie Dickson, a Scottish inventor and employee of Thomas Edison, designed the Kinetograph Camera in 1891.

Biograph Company

BiographAmerican Mutoscope and Biograph CompanyAmerican Mutoscope Company
With the Lathams, Dickson was part of the group that formed the American Mutoscope and Biograph Company, before he returned permanently to work in the United Kingdom in 1897.
The company was started by William Kennedy Dickson, an inventor at Thomas Edison's laboratory who helped pioneer the technology of capturing moving images on film.


The Mutoscope
William Dickson left Edison's company and formed his own company, that produced the mutoscope, a form of hand cranked peep show movie machine.
The Mutoscope was an early motion picture device, invented by W.K.L. Dickson and Herman Casler and later patented by Herman Casler on November 21, 1894.

Latham loop

Latham film loop
Alongside Lauste, he helped devise what would become known as the Latham loop, allowing the photography and exhibition of much longer filmstrips than had previously been possible.
Invention of the Latham loop is usually credited to film pioneers William Kennedy Laurie Dickson and Eugene Lauste.

Eugene Augustin Lauste

Eugene Lauste
Seeking to develop a movie projector system, they hired former Edison employee Eugene Lauste, probably at Dickson's suggestion.
He emigrated to the United States in 1886 where he worked as an assistant to French-born William Kennedy Laurie Dickson at the Edison Laboratories.

Pope Leo XIII

Leo XIIIPopeGioacchino Pecci
William Dickson was the first person to make a film for the Pope, and at the time his camera was blessed by Pope Leo XIII.
He was filmed by its inventor, W. K. Dickson, and blessed the camera while being filmed.

The Dickson Experimental Sound Film

KinetophonographDickson Experimental Sound FilmKinetophone (Dickson)
In 1894, he directed The Dickson Experimental Sound Film.
The Dickson Experimental Sound Film is a film made by William Dickson in late 1894 or early 1895.


kinetographKinetophonepeephole viewing of motion picture devices
In March 1889, a second caveat was filed, in which the proposed motion picture device was given a name, the Kinetoscope.
A process using roll film first described in a patent application submitted in France and the U.S. by French inventor Louis Le Prince, the concept was also used by U.S. inventor Thomas Edison in 1889, and subsequently developed by his employee William Kennedy Laurie Dickson between 1889 and 1892.

History of the Kinetograph, Kinetoscope, and Kinetophonograph

History of the Kinetograph, Kinetoscope, and Kinetophonograph (MOMA Publications 2000 ISBN: 978-0-87070-038-5 Facsimile of Dickson's own copy of his book published in 1895)
History of the Kinetograph, Kinetoscope, and Kinetophonograph is a book written by siblings William Kennedy Dickson and Antonia Dickson about the history of film.

Blacksmith Scene

Blacksmith Scene
Blacksmith Scene (also known as Blacksmith Scene #1 and Blacksmithing Scene) is an 1893 American short black-and-white silent film directed by William K.L. Dickson, the Scottish-French inventor who, while under the employ of Thomas Edison, developed the first fully functional motion picture camera.

William Kennedy Dickson filmography

List of William Kennedy Dickson films
List of films on which William Kennedy Dickson has worked.

Fred Ott's Sneeze

Edison Kinetoscopic Record of a SneezesneezeEdison Kinetographic Record of a Sneeze
Fred Ott's Sneeze
Fred Ott's Sneeze (also known as Edison Kinetoscopic Record of a Sneeze) is an 1894 short, black-and-white, silent film shot by William K.L. Dickson and featuring Fred Ott.

Woodville Latham

WoodvilleLathamMajor Woodville Latham
In late 1894 or early 1895, William Dickson became an ad hoc advisor to the motion picture operation of the Latham brothers, Otway and Grey, and their father, Woodville, who ran one of the leading Kinetoscope exhibition companies.
In December 1894 Latham and his two sons formed the Lambda Company at 35 Frankfort Street, employing Eugène Lauste, a former Thomas Edison employee, as well as motion picture pioneer William Kennedy Dickson.

List of people on the postage stamps of the United States

U.S. postage stampUnited States postage stampU.S. Post Office
List of people on stamps of the United States
William Dickson (1996) Motion picture camera inventor


The team of former Edison associates brought to fruition the Eidoloscope projector system, which would be used in the first commercial movie screening in world history on 20 May 1895.
W.K.L Dickson, an employee of Edison's at the same time, joined the Latham's and their project to help raise finances and the knowledge of how to move forward in the business.

Gordon Hendricks

Gordon Hendricks, The Edison Motion Picture Myth (Arno Press, USA, 1972)
In 1961 Hendricks published The Edison Motion Picture Myth in which he showed that it was not Thomas Alva Edison who should be attributed with the invention of the first device for cinema screenings, but in fact William Kennedy Laurie Dickson.

Dickson Greeting

world's first film
Directed, produced by, and starring motion-picture pioneer William K. L. Dickson, it displays a 3-second clip of him passing a hat in front of himself, and reaching for it with his other hand.

Edison's Black Maria

Black MariaBlack Maria StudioBlack Mariah
Edison's Black Maria
Edison employees W. K. Dickson and Jonathan Campbell coined the name—it reminded them of police Black Marias, (police vans, also known as "paddywagons") of the time because they were also cramped, stuffy and a similar black color.

Le Minihic-sur-Rance

Minihic, Brittany
William Kennedy Dickson was born on 3 August 1860 in Le Minihic-sur-Rance, Brittany, France.


VACommonwealth of VirginiaVa.
His mother was Elizabeth Kennedy-Laurie (1823?–1879) who may have been born in Virginia.

William Hogarth

HogarthHogarthianHogarth, William
James claimed direct lineage from the painter William Hogarth, and from Judge John Waite, the man who sentenced King Charles I to death.