William Marwood

William Marwood (1818 – 4 September 1883) was a hangman for the British government.wikipedia
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Hanging

hangedhangdeath by hanging
He developed the technique of hanging known as the "long drop". The efficient way in which he conducted the hanging of William Frederick Horry without a hitch on 1 April 1872 assisted him in being appointed hangman by the Sheriffs of London and Middlesex in 1874, in succession to William Calcraft, at a retainer of £20 a year plus £10 per execution. This was considered more humane than the slow death by strangulation caused by the "short drop" method, which was particularly distressing to prison governors and staff who were required to witness executions at close quarters following the abolition of public executions by the Capital Punishment Amendment Act 1868.
This process, also known as the measured drop, was introduced to Britain in 1872 by William Marwood as a scientific advance on the standard drop.

William Frederick Horry

Fred Horry
The efficient way in which he conducted the hanging of William Frederick Horry without a hitch on 1 April 1872 assisted him in being appointed hangman by the Sheriffs of London and Middlesex in 1874, in succession to William Calcraft, at a retainer of £20 a year plus £10 per execution.
William Frederick Horry, also known as Fred Horry (December 1843 – 1 April 1872), was the first person to be hanged by Victorian hangman William Marwood, and the first to fall using the long drop method.

Executioner

hangmanheadsmancommon hangman
William Marwood (1818 – 4 September 1883) was a hangman for the British government.
Unlike in France and many other European countries, far from being shunned, British executioners such as William Marwood, James Berry, Albert Pierrepoint, and Harry Allen were widely known and respected by the public.

Charles Peace

Charlie Peacenotorious English burglar and murderer
On the morning of his execution, Peace ate a hearty breakfast of eggs and salty bacon, and calmly awaited the coming of the public executioner, William Marwood, inventor of the "long drop".

Lincoln Castle

castleLincolncastle at Lincoln
At the age of 54 he persuaded the governor of Lincoln Castle Gaol to allow him to conduct an execution.
William Marwood, the 19th century hangman, carried out his first execution at Lincoln.

Horncastle

Horncastle, LincolnshireBanovallumHorncastle Urban District
Marwood was originally a cobbler, of Church Lane, Horncastle, Lincolnshire, England.

Lincolnshire

County of LincolnLincolnshire, EnglandLincs.

William Calcraft

Calcraft
The efficient way in which he conducted the hanging of William Frederick Horry without a hitch on 1 April 1872 assisted him in being appointed hangman by the Sheriffs of London and Middlesex in 1874, in succession to William Calcraft, at a retainer of £20 a year plus £10 per execution.
After reluctantly being forced to retire from office because of old age in 1874, Calcraft received a pension of 25 shillings a week from the City of London and was succeeded as hangman by William Marwood.

Maolra Seoighe

Maamtrasna murdersMyles JoyceMaamtrasna trial
The three were executed in Galway by William Marwood for the crime in 1882.

Murder of Julia Martha Thomas

Kate Websteran infamous murder in 1879Julia Martha Thomas
She was hanged the following day at Wandsworth Prison at 9 am, where the hangman, William Marwood, used his newly developed long drop technique to cause instantaneous death.

Henry Wainwright

Henry Wainwright was sentenced to death and hanged by William Marwood on 21 December 1875.

George Henry Lamson

Lamson was hanged by William Marwood at Wandsworth Prison on 28 April 1882.

James Berry (executioner)

James Berry
William Marwood influenced James Berry, a retired police officer and friend to take up the role of hangman.
His most important contribution to the science of hanging was his refinement of the long drop method developed by William Marwood, whom Berry knew quite well.

Irish National Invincibles

Invinciblesthe InvinciblesJoe Brady
Joe Brady, Michael Fagan, Thomas Caffrey, Dan Curley and Tim Kelly were hanged by William Marwood in Kilmainham Gaol in Dublin between 14 May and 4 June 1883.

Percy Lefroy Mapleton

Mapleton was hanged at Lewes on 29 November 1881 by executioner William Marwood.

Prison

jailgaolpenitentiary
At the age of 54 he persuaded the governor of Lincoln Castle Gaol to allow him to conduct an execution.

Capital Punishment Amendment Act 1868

Capital Punishment Amendment Act1868 reform actabolished public hangings in 1868
This was considered more humane than the slow death by strangulation caused by the "short drop" method, which was particularly distressing to prison governors and staff who were required to witness executions at close quarters following the abolition of public executions by the Capital Punishment Amendment Act 1868.

Brighton

Brighton, EnglandBrighton, SussexBrighton, East Sussex

Galway