William Reid Clanny

Clanny safety lamp
William Reid Clanny FRSE (1776 – 10 January 1850) was an Irish physician and inventor of a safety lamp.wikipedia
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Safety lamp

safety lampsClannyClanny lamps
William Reid Clanny FRSE (1776 – 10 January 1850) was an Irish physician and inventor of a safety lamp.
The first safety lamp made by William Reid Clanny used a pair of bellows to pump air through water to a candle burning in a metal case with a glass window.

Felling mine disasters

Felling mine disasterdisasterFelling
In 1812 the Felling mine disaster and later in the year the explosion at Mill Pit in Herrington near Sunderland concentrated minds on the problems of underground lighting.

Humphry Davy

Sir Humphry DavyDavySir Humphry Davy, Bt
George Stephenson acknowledged a debt to Clanny's researches and Humphry Davy invented his version of a lamp very soon after a visit to Sunderland in August 1815.
Although the idea of the safety lamp had already been demonstrated by William Reid Clanny and by the then unknown (but later very famous) engineer George Stephenson, Davy's use of wire gauze to prevent the spread of flame was used by many other inventors in their later designs.

Fellowship of the Royal Society of Edinburgh

FRSEFellow of the Royal Society of EdinburghHFRSE
William Reid Clanny FRSE (1776 – 10 January 1850) was an Irish physician and inventor of a safety lamp.

Bangor, County Down

BangorBangor, Northern IrelandBallyholme
Clanny was born in Bangor, County Down, Northern Ireland.

County Down

DownCo. DownCounty of Down
Clanny was born in Bangor, County Down, Northern Ireland.

Northern Ireland

Northern IrishIrishNIR
Clanny was born in Bangor, County Down, Northern Ireland.

Edinburgh

Edinburgh, ScotlandCity of EdinburghEdinburgh, United Kingdom
He trained as a physician at Edinburgh, and served as an assistant surgeon in the Royal Navy.

Royal Navy

RNBritish NavyBritish Royal Navy
He trained as a physician at Edinburgh, and served as an assistant surgeon in the Royal Navy.

Battle of Copenhagen (1801)

Battle of CopenhagenCopenhagenFirst Battle of Copenhagen
He was present at the Battle of Copenhagen in 1801.

Durham, England

DurhamCity of DurhamDurham City
He left the Navy and graduated in 1803 before settling for a while in Durham.

Bishopwearmouth

Bishop WearmouthBishopswearmouthBishop-Wearmouth
He moved to Bishopwearmouth, near Sunderland, England and practised there for 45 years.

Sunderland

Sunderland, Tyne and WearSunderland, EnglandSunderland, County Durham
He moved to Bishopwearmouth, near Sunderland, England and practised there for 45 years.

Royal Society of Edinburgh

FRSEThe Royal Society of EdinburghNeill Prize
He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh in 1825, his proposers being Sir George Ballingall, Robert Kaye Greville, and Sir William Newbigging.

George Ballingall

Sir George BallingallBallingall
He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh in 1825, his proposers being Sir George Ballingall, Robert Kaye Greville, and Sir William Newbigging.

Robert Kaye Greville

Grev.GrevilleRobert Greville
He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh in 1825, his proposers being Sir George Ballingall, Robert Kaye Greville, and Sir William Newbigging.

William Newbigging

Sir William Newbigging
He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh in 1825, his proposers being Sir George Ballingall, Robert Kaye Greville, and Sir William Newbigging.

Dictionary of National Biography

Oxford Dictionary of National BiographyThe Oxford Dictionary of National BiographyODNB
The entry in the Dictionary of National Biography states "his claim to remembrance rests on his efforts to diminish the loss of life from explosions in collieries.

Herrington

East HerringtonHerrington Country ParkNew Herrington
In 1812 the Felling mine disaster and later in the year the explosion at Mill Pit in Herrington near Sunderland concentrated minds on the problems of underground lighting.

Royal Society

FRSRoyal Society of LondonThe Royal Society
A paper 'On the Means of procuring a Steady Light in Coal Mines without the Danger of Explosion' was read before the Royal Society on 20 May the following year.

Royal Society of Arts

Society of ArtsFRSARoyal Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce
Clanny won medals in 1816–17 for his invention from the Royal Society of Arts.

George Stephenson

StephensonGeorgeengineer
George Stephenson acknowledged a debt to Clanny's researches and Humphry Davy invented his version of a lamp very soon after a visit to Sunderland in August 1815.

Davy lamp

miner's lampminer's safety lampDavy
Davy's invention was preceded by that of William Reid Clanny, an Irish doctor at Bishopwearmouth, who had read a paper to the Royal Society in May 1813.