William Shakespeare

ShakespeareShakespeareanShakespearianW. ShakespeareShakespeare’sShakespearThe BardShakespearean theatreShakespearesShakesphere
William Shakespeare (bapt. 26 April 1564 – 23 April 1616) was an English poet, playwright, and actor, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's greatest dramatist.wikipedia
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Shakespeare's plays

playsShakespeareShakespearean
His extant works, including collaborations, consist of some 39 plays, 154 sonnets, two long narrative poems, and a few other verses, some of uncertain authorship.
Shakespeare's plays have the reputation of being among the greatest in the English language and in Western literature.

Shakespeare's sonnets

154 sonnetsFair Youthsonnets
His extant works, including collaborations, consist of some 39 plays, 154 sonnets, two long narrative poems, and a few other verses, some of uncertain authorship.
Shakespeare's sonnets are poems that William Shakespeare wrote on a variety of themes.

William Shakespeare's collaborations

Shakespeare's collaborationcollaborationsShakespeare might have collaborated
His extant works, including collaborations, consist of some 39 plays, 154 sonnets, two long narrative poems, and a few other verses, some of uncertain authorship.
Like most playwrights of his period, William Shakespeare did not always write alone.

Warwickshire

County of WarwickWarwickshire, EnglandWarwick
Shakespeare was born and raised in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire.
The county is famous for being the birthplace of William Shakespeare.

Stratford-upon-Avon

Stratford-on-AvonStratford upon AvonStratford
Shakespeare was born and raised in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire.
The town is a popular tourist destination owing to its status as the birthplace and gravesite of playwright and poet William Shakespeare, and receives approximately 2.5 million visitors a year.

King's Men (playing company)

King's MenThe King's MenShakespeare's company
Sometime between 1585 and 1592, he began a successful career in London as an actor, writer, and part-owner of a playing company called the Lord Chamberlain's Men, later known as the King's Men.
The King's Men was the acting company to which William Shakespeare (1564–1616) belonged for most of his career.

Lord Chamberlain's Men

The Lord Chamberlain's MenChamberlain's MenLord Chamberlain
Sometime between 1585 and 1592, he began a successful career in London as an actor, writer, and part-owner of a playing company called the Lord Chamberlain's Men, later known as the King's Men.
The Lord Chamberlain's Men was a company of actors, or a "playing company" (as it then would likely have been described), for which Shakespeare wrote during most of his career.

Judith Quiney

JudithJudith Shakespeareplaywright's daughter
At the age of 18, he married Anne Hathaway, with whom he had three children: Susanna and twins Hamnet and Judith.
Judith Quiney (baptised 2 February 1585 – 9 February 1662), was the younger daughter of William Shakespeare and Anne Hathaway and the fraternal twin of their only son Hamnet Shakespeare.

Religious views of William Shakespeare

Catholic sympathisercrypto-Catholichis religion
Few records of Shakespeare's private life survive; this has stimulated considerable speculation about such matters as his physical appearance, his sexuality, his religious beliefs, and whether the works attributed to him were written by others.
The general assumption about William Shakespeare's religious affiliation is that he was a conforming member of the established Anglican Church.

Susanna Hall

SusannaSusanna Shakespearehis oldest daughter
At the age of 18, he married Anne Hathaway, with whom he had three children: Susanna and twins Hamnet and Judith.
Susanna Hall (née Shakespeare; baptised 26 May 1583 – 11 July 1649) was the oldest child of William Shakespeare and Anne Hathaway, and the older sister of twins Judith Quiney and Hamnet Shakespeare.

Shakespeare authorship question

Shakespearean authorshipShakespeare authorshipShakespearean authorship question
Few records of Shakespeare's private life survive; this has stimulated considerable speculation about such matters as his physical appearance, his sexuality, his religious beliefs, and whether the works attributed to him were written by others.
The Shakespeare authorship question is the argument that someone other than William Shakespeare of Stratford-upon-Avon wrote the works attributed to him.

Portraits of Shakespeare

portraits of William ShakespeareChandos Portraitdemi-figure of the poet
Few records of Shakespeare's private life survive; this has stimulated considerable speculation about such matters as his physical appearance, his sexuality, his religious beliefs, and whether the works attributed to him were written by others.
Within four decades of its foundation in 1856, upwards of 60 portraits were offered for sale to the National Portrait Gallery purporting to be of William Shakespeare, but there are only two definitively accepted as portraying him, both of which are posthumous.

Shakespearean history

history playshistorieshistory play
His early plays were primarily comedies and histories and are regarded as some of the best work produced in these genres.
In the First Folio, the plays of William Shakespeare were grouped into three categories: comedies, histories, and tragedies.

Hamlet

Hamlet, Prince of DenmarkThe Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmarkplay of the same name
Until about 1608, he wrote mainly tragedies, among them Hamlet, Othello, King Lear, and Macbeth, all considered to be among the finest works in the English language.
The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, often shortened to Hamlet, is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare sometime between 1599 and 1602.

Sexuality of William Shakespeare

his sexualityhomosexualsexuality of its author
Few records of Shakespeare's private life survive; this has stimulated considerable speculation about such matters as his physical appearance, his sexuality, his religious beliefs, and whether the works attributed to him were written by others.
It is known from public records that he married Anne Hathaway and that they had three children; scholars have analysed their relationship through these documents, and particularly through the bequests to her in Shakespeare's will.

Hamnet Shakespeare

Hamnet
At the age of 18, he married Anne Hathaway, with whom he had three children: Susanna and twins Hamnet and Judith.
Hamnet Shakespeare (baptised 2 February 1585 – buried 11 August 1596) was the only son of William Shakespeare and Anne Hathaway, and the fraternal twin of Judith Shakespeare.

Playing company

playing companiesacting troupetheatre companies
Sometime between 1585 and 1592, he began a successful career in London as an actor, writer, and part-owner of a playing company called the Lord Chamberlain's Men, later known as the King's Men.
The major companies were based at specific theatres in London; the most successful of them, William Shakespeare's company the King's Men, had the open-air Globe Theatre for summer seasons and the enclosed Blackfriars Theatre in the winters.

Othello

Othello, the Moor of VeniceThe Tragedy of Othello, the Moor of VeniceDesdemona
Until about 1608, he wrote mainly tragedies, among them Hamlet, Othello, King Lear, and Macbeth, all considered to be among the finest works in the English language.
Othello (The Tragedy of Othello, the Moor of Venice) is a tragedy by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written in 1603.

King Lear

LearThe Tragedy of King Learplay of the same name
Until about 1608, he wrote mainly tragedies, among them Hamlet, Othello, King Lear, and Macbeth, all considered to be among the finest works in the English language.
King Lear is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare.

Macbeth

The Tragedy of MacbethLady MacbethTragedy of Macbeth
Until about 1608, he wrote mainly tragedies, among them Hamlet, Othello, King Lear, and Macbeth, all considered to be among the finest works in the English language.
Macbeth (full title The Tragedy of Macbeth) is a tragedy by William Shakespeare; it is thought to have been first performed in 1606.

Shakespearean tragedy

tragedytragediesShakespearean
Until about 1608, he wrote mainly tragedies, among them Hamlet, Othello, King Lear, and Macbeth, all considered to be among the finest works in the English language.
Shakespearean tragedy is the designation given to most tragedies written by playwright William Shakespeare.

Shakespeare's late romances

romancesromancelate romances
In the last phase of his life, he wrote tragicomedies (also known as romances) and collaborated with other playwrights.
The late romances, often simply called the romances, are a grouping of William Shakespeare's last plays, comprising Pericles, Prince of Tyre; Cymbeline; The Winter's Tale; and The Tempest.

First Folio

FolioShakespeare's First Folio1623 edition
However, in 1623, two fellow actors and friends of Shakespeare's, John Heminges and Henry Condell, published a more definitive text known as the First Folio, a posthumous collected edition of Shakespeare's dramatic works that included all but two of his plays.
Mr. William Shakespeare's Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies is a collection of plays by William Shakespeare, published in 1623, commonly referred to by modern scholars as the First Folio.

Shakespearean comedy

comediescomedyShakespearean comedies
His early plays were primarily comedies and histories and are regarded as some of the best work produced in these genres.
In the First Folio, the plays of William Shakespeare were grouped into three categories: comedies, histories, and tragedies; and modern scholars recognize a fourth category, romance, to describe the specific types of comedy that appear in Shakespeare's later works.

Ben Jonson

JonsonBen JohnsonBenjamin Jonson
The volume was prefaced with a poem by Ben Jonson, in which Jonson presciently hails Shakespeare in a now-famous quote as "not of an age, but for all time".
"He is generally regarded as the second most important English dramatist, after William Shakespeare, during the reign of James I."