Windows 10

10Windows HelloMicrosoft Windows 10Windows 10 Creators UpdateWindows 10 Fall Creators UpdateCreators UpdateWindowsWindows 10 ProWindows 10 Anniversary UpdateWindows10
Windows 10 is a series of personal computer operating systems produced by Microsoft as part of its Windows NT family of operating systems.wikipedia
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Windows Insider

Windows Insider ProgramInsiderInsider Preview
Windows 10 receives new builds on an ongoing basis, which are available at no additional cost to users, in addition to additional test builds of Windows 10 which are available to Windows Insiders.
Windows Insider is an open software testing program by Microsoft that allows users who own a valid license of Windows 10 or Windows Server 2016 to register for pre-release builds of the operating system previously only accessible to software developers.

Windows Mixed Reality

Windows HolographicHolographic Processing UnitHoloLens
Universal apps can be designed to run across multiple Microsoft product families with nearly identical codeincluding PCs, tablets, smartphones, embedded systems, Xbox One, Surface Hub and Mixed Reality.
Windows Mixed Reality is a mixed reality platform introduced as part of the Windows 10 operating system, which provides holographic and mixed reality experiences with compatible head-mounted displays.

Microsoft Edge

EdgeEdge browserME
Windows 10 also introduced the Microsoft Edge web browser, a virtual desktop system, a window and desktop management feature called Task View, support for fingerprint and face recognition login, new security features for enterprise environments, and DirectX 12.
It was first released for Windows 10 and Xbox One in 2015, then for Android and iOS in 2017, and macOS in 2019.

Cortana

Microsoft CortanaMicrosoft's CortanaCortain
Critics also praised the improvements to Windows 10's bundled software over Windows 8.1, Xbox Live integration, as well as the functionality and capabilities of the Cortana personal assistant and the replacement of Internet Explorer with Edge.
Cortana is a virtual assistant created by Microsoft for Windows 10, Windows 10 Mobile, Windows Phone 8.1, Invoke smart speaker, Microsoft Band, Surface Headphones, Xbox One, iOS, Android, Windows Mixed Reality, and Amazon Alexa.

Windows 8

8Microsoft Windows 8Windows 8.0
One of Windows 10's most notable features is its support for universal apps, an expansion of the Metro-style apps first introduced in Windows 8.
Windows 8 was ultimately succeeded by Windows 10 in July 2015.

Surface Hub

Microsoft Surface HubSurface Hub 2
Universal apps can be designed to run across multiple Microsoft product families with nearly identical codeincluding PCs, tablets, smartphones, embedded systems, Xbox One, Surface Hub and Mixed Reality. The keynote featured the unveiling of Cortana integration within the operating system, new Xbox-oriented features, Windows 10 Mobile, an updated Office Mobile suite, Surface Huba large-screened Windows 10 device for enterprise collaboration based upon Perceptive Pixel technology, along with HoloLens‑augmented reality eyewear and an associated platform for building apps that can render holograms through HoloLens.
The Surface Hub is a wall-mounted or roller-stand-mounted device with either a 55-inch (140 cm) 1080p or an 84-inch (210 cm) 4K 120 Hz touchscreen with multi-touch and multi-pen capabilities, running the Windows 10 operating system.

Xbox One

Xbox One XXbox One SXBO
Universal apps can be designed to run across multiple Microsoft product families with nearly identical codeincluding PCs, tablets, smartphones, embedded systems, Xbox One, Surface Hub and Mixed Reality.
Games can also be played off-console via a local area network on supported Windows 10 devices.

Windows Phone

WindowsWPWindows Phones
Foley reported that among the goals for Threshold was to create a unified application platform and development toolkit for Windows, Windows Phone and Xbox One (which all use a similar Windows NT kernel).
Windows Phone was succeeded by Windows 10 Mobile in 2015; it emphasizes a larger amount of integration and unification with its PC counterpart—including a new, unified application ecosystem, along with an expansion of its scope to include small-screened tablets.

Task View

Windows 10 also introduced the Microsoft Edge web browser, a virtual desktop system, a window and desktop management feature called Task View, support for fingerprint and face recognition login, new security features for enterprise environments, and DirectX 12.
Task View is a task switcher and virtual desktop system introduced in Windows 10 and is among the first features new to Windows 10.

Microsoft OneNote

OneNoteMicrosoft Office OneNoteMicrosoft Office OneNote 2007
He also joked that they could not call it "Windows One" (alluding to several recent Microsoft products with a similar brand, such as OneDrive, OneNote, and Xbox One) because Windows 1.0 already existed.
Microsoft abandoned this version in favor of a feature-reduced and touch-optimized Windows 10 Universal Windows Platform application (UWP-App) version.

Microsoft Office mobile apps

Microsoft Office MobileOffice MobilePocket Word
The keynote featured the unveiling of Cortana integration within the operating system, new Xbox-oriented features, Windows 10 Mobile, an updated Office Mobile suite, Surface Huba large-screened Windows 10 device for enterprise collaboration based upon Perceptive Pixel technology, along with HoloLens‑augmented reality eyewear and an associated platform for building apps that can render holograms through HoloLens.
Microsoft Office mobile apps are productivity mobile apps currently developed by Microsoft for Windows 10, Windows 10 Mobile, iOS, Android, and also works on Chrome OS.

Microsoft HoloLens

HoloLensHoloStudioProject Baraboo
The keynote featured the unveiling of Cortana integration within the operating system, new Xbox-oriented features, Windows 10 Mobile, an updated Office Mobile suite, Surface Huba large-screened Windows 10 device for enterprise collaboration based upon Perceptive Pixel technology, along with HoloLens‑augmented reality eyewear and an associated platform for building apps that can render holograms through HoloLens.
HoloLens was the first head-mounted display running the Windows Mixed Reality platform under the Windows 10 computer operating system.

Universal Windows Platform apps

Windows Store appMetro-style appuniversal app
One of Windows 10's most notable features is its support for universal apps, an expansion of the Metro-style apps first introduced in Windows 8.
Starting with Windows 10, Windows initially used "Windows app" to refer to a UWP app.

Windows Update

Microsoft UpdateAutomatic UpdatesUpdates
However, media outlets have been critical of changes to operating system behaviors, including mandatory update installation, privacy concerns over data collection performed by the OS for Microsoft and its partners and the adware-like tactics used to promote the operating system on its release.
The latter is available to business editions of Windows 10 and permits postponing updates or receiving updates only after they have undergone rigorous testing.

Internet Explorer

Microsoft Internet ExplorerIEMSIE
Critics also praised the improvements to Windows 10's bundled software over Windows 8.1, Xbox Live integration, as well as the functionality and capabilities of the Cortana personal assistant and the replacement of Internet Explorer with Edge.
On March 17, 2015, Microsoft announced that Microsoft Edge would replace Internet Explorer as the default browser on its Windows 10 devices (while support for older Windows has since been announced, Edge still has lower share than IE's, that is in decline).

Universal Windows Platform

UWPWindows UWPuniversal Windows 10 app
Additional developer-oriented details surrounding the "Universal Windows Platform" concept were revealed and discussed during Microsoft's developers' conference Build.
Universal Windows Platform (UWP) is an API created by Microsoft and first introduced in Windows 10.

Windows 10 Mobile

Windows Phone AppWindows 10Mobile
Windows 10 Mobile, the successor to Windows Phone 8.1, shared some user interface elements and apps with its PC counterpart.
First released in 2015, it is a successor to Windows Phone 8.1, but was marketed by Microsoft as being an edition of its PC operating system Windows 10.

Control Panel (Windows)

Control PanelWindows Control PanelControl Panel applet
The Settings app (formerly PC Settings) was refreshed and now includes more options that were previously exclusive to the desktop Control Panel.
On Windows 10, Control Panel is deprecated in favor of Settings app, which was originally introduced on Windows 8 as "PC settings" to provide a touchscreen-optimized settings area using its Metro-style app platform.

Microsoft Store (digital)

Windows StoreMicrosoft StoreWindows app
Windows apps share code across platforms, have responsive designs that adapt to the needs of the device and available inputs, can synchronize data between Windows 10 devices (including notifications, credentials, and allowing cross-platform multiplayer for games), and are distributed through Microsoft Store (rebranded from Windows Store since September 2017).
With Windows 10, Microsoft merged its other distribution platforms (Windows Marketplace, Windows Phone Store, Xbox Music, Xbox Video, Xbox Store, and a web storefront also known as "Microsoft Store") into Microsoft Store, making it a unified distribution point for apps, console games, digital music, and digital videos.

Windows Subsystem for Linux

WSLa subsystemis also available for Windows 10
The Anniversary Update adds Windows Subsystem for Linux, which allows the installation of a user space environment from a supported Linux distribution that runs natively on Windows.
Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL) is a compatibility layer for running Linux binary executables (in ELF format) natively on Windows 10 and Windows Server 2019.

Microsoft account

Windows Live IDMicrosoft PassportProfile
When Windows 10 was first introduced, multi-factor authentication was provided by two components: Windows Hello and Passport (not to be confused with the Passport platform of 1998).
A Microsoft account or MSA (previously known as Microsoft Passport, .NET Passport, Microsoft Passport Network, and Windows Live ID) is a single sign-on Microsoft user account for Microsoft customers to log into Microsoft websites (like Outlook.com), devices running on one of Microsoft's current operating systems (e.g. Windows 10 computers and tablets, Windows Phones, and Xbox consoles), and Microsoft application software (including Visual Studio).

Laptop

laptop computerlaptopsnotebook computer
Threshold was officially unveiled during a media event on September 30, 2014, under the name Windows 10; Myerson said that Windows 10 would be Microsoft's "most comprehensive platform ever", providing a single, unified platform for desktop computers, laptops, tablets, smartphones, and all-in-one devices.
Devices of this form are commonly called a 'traditional laptop' or notebook, particularly if they have a screen size of 11 to 17 inches measured diagonally and run a full-featured operating system like Windows 10, macOS, or GNU/Linux.

Microsoft family features

Family SafetyWindows Live Family SafetyMicrosoft Family Safety
Microsoft Family Safety is replaced by Microsoft Family, a parental controls system that applies across Windows platforms and Microsoft online services.
Microsoft family features (includes family safety features formerly known as Microsoft Family Safety, formerly Parental Controls in Windows 7 and Vista), is a free set of features available on Windows 10 PC and Mobile that is bundled with the Windows 10, Home edition operating system.

Microsoft Solitaire Collection

Solitaire CollectionSolitaire
Candy Crush Saga and Microsoft Solitaire Collection are also automatically installed upon installation of Windows 10.
Microsoft Solitaire Collection is a video game included with Windows 10.

Xbox (app)

Xbox SmartGlassXbox AppSmartGlass
Xbox SmartGlass is succeeded by the Xbox Console Companion (formerly the Xbox app), which allows users to browse their game library (including both PC and Xbox console games), and Game DVR is also available using a keyboard shortcut, allowing users to save the last 30 seconds of gameplay as a video that can be shared to Xbox Live, OneDrive, or elsewhere.
The Xbox app is an app for Windows 8, Windows 10, Android, and iOS.