A report on Windows 9x

Screenshot of Windows 95, the first version of Windows in the 9x series
Screenshot of Windows 95, the first version of Windows in the 9x series
Screenshot of Windows 95, the first version of Windows in the 9x series
Windows 95 logo
Windows 98 logo
Windows Millennium Edition (Me)

Generic term referring to a series of Microsoft Windows computer operating systems produced from 1995 to 2000, which were based on the Windows 95 kernel and its underlying foundation of MS-DOS, both of which were updated in subsequent versions.

- Windows 9x
Screenshot of Windows 95, the first version of Windows in the 9x series

29 related topics with Alpha

Overall

Screenshot of Windows 98, displaying its desktop, taskbar and channel bar

Windows 98

12 links

Screenshot of Windows 98, displaying its desktop, taskbar and channel bar
Screenshot of Windows 98, displaying its desktop, taskbar and channel bar
Screenshot of Windows 98, displaying its desktop, taskbar and channel bar
The Windows 98 architecture is set up as a tier of layers in which the higher layers depend on any component of the layers below them. The difference between the architectures of this and Windows 95 is that the Windows Driver Model can now be used to access the Windows 98 core and the registry.

Windows 98 is a consumer-oriented operating system developed by Microsoft as part of its Windows 9x family of Microsoft Windows operating systems.

Windows NT

12 links

Proprietary graphical operating system produced by Microsoft, the first version of which was released on July 27, 1993.

Proprietary graphical operating system produced by Microsoft, the first version of which was released on July 27, 1993.

Original Windows NT wordmark
Windows 2000 architecture

Gradually, the Windows NT family was expanded into Microsoft's general-purpose operating system product line for all personal computers, deprecating the Windows 9x family.

Windows Me desktop, including taskbar and shortcuts

Windows Me

11 links

Windows Me desktop, including taskbar and shortcuts
Windows Me desktop, including taskbar and shortcuts

Windows Millennium Edition, or Windows Me (marketed with the pronunciation of the pronoun "me"), is an operating system developed by Microsoft as part of its Windows 9x family of Microsoft Windows operating systems.

Microsoft Windows

13 links

Group of several proprietary graphical operating system families developed and marketed by Microsoft.

Group of several proprietary graphical operating system families developed and marketed by Microsoft.

Windows 1.0, the first version, released in 1985
Windows 3.0, released in 1990
Previous Windows logo (2012–2021)

Defunct Windows families include Windows 9x, Windows Mobile and Windows Phone.

Screenshot of Windows XP running the Luna visual style, showing the start menu, taskbar, and My Computer window

Windows XP

9 links

Major release of Microsoft's Windows NT operating system.

Major release of Microsoft's Windows NT operating system.

Screenshot of Windows XP running the Luna visual style, showing the start menu, taskbar, and My Computer window
Screenshot of Windows XP running the Luna visual style, showing the start menu, taskbar, and My Computer window
Updated start menu in the Royale theme, now featuring two columns
Screenshot of Windows XP running the Luna visual style, showing the start menu, taskbar, and My Computer window
Diagram representing the main editions of Windows XP. It is based on the category of the edition (grey) and codebase (black arrow).
Windows Security Center window running Windows XP Service Pack 2, showing no virus protection installed
An electroencephalograph running on Windows XP. The medical industry's continued use of Windows XP is partly due to medical applications being incompatible with later versions of Windows.

Various MS-DOS commands available in its Windows 9x predecessor were removed, as were the POSIX and OS/2 subsystems.

OS/360 was used on most IBM mainframe computers beginning in 1966, including computers used by the Apollo program.

Operating system

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System software that manages computer hardware, software resources, and provides common services for computer programs.

System software that manages computer hardware, software resources, and provides common services for computer programs.

OS/360 was used on most IBM mainframe computers beginning in 1966, including computers used by the Apollo program.
PC DOS was an early personal computer OS that featured a command-line interface.
Mac OS by Apple Computer became the first widespread OS to feature a graphical user interface. Many of its features such as windows and icons would later become commonplace in GUIs.
The first server for the World Wide Web ran on NeXTSTEP, based on BSD.
Ubuntu, desktop Linux distribution
Linux, a unix-like operating system was first time released on September 17, 1991, by Linus Torvalds. Picture of Tux the penguin, mascot of Linux.
A kernel connects the application software to the hardware of a computer.
Privilege rings for the x86 microprocessor architecture available in protected mode. Operating systems determine which processes run in each mode.
Many operating systems can "trick" programs into using memory scattered around the hard disk and RAM as if it is one continuous chunk of memory, called virtual memory.
File systems allow users and programs to organize and sort files on a computer, often through the use of directories (or "folders").
A screenshot of the Bash command line. Each command is typed out after the 'prompt', and then its output appears below, working its way down the screen. The current command prompt is at the bottom.
A screenshot of the KDE Plasma 5 graphical user interface. Programs take the form of images on the screen, and the files, folders (directories), and applications take the form of icons and symbols. A mouse is used to navigate the computer.

Windows 9x had very little distinction between the interface and the kernel.

Windows 95 desktop, showing its icons, taskbar and welcome screen

Windows 95

6 links

Windows 95 desktop, showing its icons, taskbar and welcome screen
Windows 95 desktop, showing its icons, taskbar and welcome screen
Architectural diagram
command.com running in a Windows console on Windows 95 (MS-DOS Prompt)

Windows 95 is a consumer-oriented operating system developed by Microsoft as part of its Windows 9x family of operating systems.

The command-line interface, showing that the current directory is the root of drive C

MS-DOS

10 links

Operating system for x86-based personal computers mostly developed by Microsoft.

Operating system for x86-based personal computers mostly developed by Microsoft.

The command-line interface, showing that the current directory is the root of drive C
MS-DOS command prompt
MS-DOS (Compaq-DOS) version 1.12 (based on MS-DOS 1.25) for Compaq Personal Computer
MS-DOS 2.11 boot disk for the Leading Edge Model D in its sleeve
MS-DOS 3.3C for the PC-9800 series
MS-DOS version 5.0
German MS-DOS 6.2 Update
MS-DOS version 6.22
Japanese MS-DOS 6.2/V
The original MS-DOS advertisement in 1981
MS-DOS Prompt in Windows 95
Command Prompt in Windows 10
, MS-DOS is still used in some enterprises to run legacy applications, such as this US Navy food service management system.

With the release of Windows 95 (and continuing in the Windows 9x product line through to Windows Me), an integrated version of MS-DOS was used for bootstrapping, troubleshooting, and backwards-compatibility with old DOS software, particularly games, and no longer released as a standalone product.

Windows Update on Windows 10

Windows Update

5 links

Windows Update on Windows 10
Windows Update on Windows 10
The Windows Update web app, version 4, in Windows Me
Screenshot of the Critical Update Notification dialog box in Windows 98.
Automatic Updates "Restart Required" dialog box in Windows XP Service Pack 1
Revised restart dialog box in Windows Vista
The Microsoft Update website in Internet Explorer 6 on Windows XP

Windows Update is a Microsoft service for the Windows 9x and Windows NT families of operating system, which automates downloading and installing Microsoft Windows software updates over the Internet.

File Allocation Table

6 links

File system developed for personal computers.

File system developed for personal computers.

FAT was also used on hard disks throughout the DOS and Windows 9x eras.