Wine

winesfine winewhite winegrape winered wineviticulturewine makingwine tradeVinowine merchant
Wine is an alcoholic drink made from fermented grapes, and the five countries with the largest wine-producing regions are in Italy, Spain, France, the United States, and China.wikipedia
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List of wine-producing regions

wine regionwine regionswine-producing region
Wine is an alcoholic drink made from fermented grapes, and the five countries with the largest wine-producing regions are in Italy, Spain, France, the United States, and China.
The following is a list of the top wine-producing countries and their volume of wine production for the year 2014 in metric tonnes, according to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), which is an agency of the United Nations; this is the latest information available from the FAO.

Spanish wine

SpainSpanishwine
Wine is an alcoholic drink made from fermented grapes, and the five countries with the largest wine-producing regions are in Italy, Spain, France, the United States, and China.
Spanish wines (vinos españoles) are wines produced in Spain.

American wine

United StatesAmericandomestic
Wine is an alcoholic drink made from fermented grapes, and the five countries with the largest wine-producing regions are in Italy, Spain, France, the United States, and China.
Today, wine production is undertaken in all fifty states, with California producing 89 percent of all US wine, and New Mexico being the oldest wine producing region having started in 1628.

French wine

FranceFrenchFrench wines
Wine is an alcoholic drink made from fermented grapes, and the five countries with the largest wine-producing regions are in Italy, Spain, France, the United States, and China.
France is one of the largest wine producers in the world, along with Italian, Spanish, and American wine-producing regions.

Yeast in winemaking

yeastwine yeastwild yeast
Yeast consumes the sugar in the grapes and converts it to ethanol, carbon dioxide, and heat.
The role of yeast in winemaking is the most important element that distinguishes wine from grape juice.

Grape

grapeswine grapewhite grape
Wine is an alcoholic drink made from fermented grapes, and the five countries with the largest wine-producing regions are in Italy, Spain, France, the United States, and China.
Grapes can be eaten fresh as table grapes or they can be used for making wine, jam, grape juice, jelly, grape seed extract, raisins, vinegar, and grape seed oil.

Terroir

terroirsplantation areasterrior
These variations result from the complex interactions between the biochemical development of the grape, the reactions involved in fermentation, the terroir, and the production process.
Some artisanal crops for which terroir is studied include wine, coffee, tobacco, chocolate, chili peppers, hops, agave (for making tequila and mezcal), tomatoes, heritage wheat, maple syrup, tea, and cannabis.

Appellation

appellationsAustralian Geographical Indicationcontrolled appellation
Many countries enact legal appellations intended to define styles and qualities of wine.
An appellation is a legally defined and protected geographical indication used to identify where the grapes for a wine were grown; other types of food often have appellations as well.

Pomegranate

Punica granatumpomegranatespomegranate flower
Wines not made from grapes include rice wine and fruit wines such as plum, cherry, pomegranate, currant and elderberry.
As intact arils or juice, pomegranates are used in baking, cooking, juice blends, meal garnishes, smoothies, and alcoholic beverages, such as cocktails and wine.

Red wine

redred winesWine
Red wine was associated with blood by the ancient Egyptians and was used by both the Greek cult of Dionysus and the Romans in their Bacchanalia; Judaism also incorporates it in the Kiddush and Christianity in the Eucharist.
Red wine is a type of wine made from dark-colored (black) grape varieties.

Alcoholic drink

alcoholic beveragealcoholalcoholic beverages
Wine is an alcoholic drink made from fermented grapes, and the five countries with the largest wine-producing regions are in Italy, Spain, France, the United States, and China.
Alcoholic drinks are typically divided into three classes—beers, wines, and spirits—and typically their alcohol content is between 3% and 50%.

Kiddush

kiddishKiddush cupkiddush cups
Red wine was associated with blood by the ancient Egyptians and was used by both the Greek cult of Dionysus and the Romans in their Bacchanalia; Judaism also incorporates it in the Kiddush and Christianity in the Eucharist.
Kiddush, literally, "sanctification," is a blessing recited over wine or grape juice to sanctify the Shabbat and Jewish holidays.

Ancient Greece and wine

ancient GreeksGreeksancient Greek
Wine reached the Balkans by 4500 BC and was consumed and celebrated in ancient Greece, Thrace and Rome.
The influence of wine in ancient Greece helped ancient Greece trade with neighboring countries and regions.

Carbon dioxide

CO 2 CO2carbon dioxide (CO 2 )
Yeast consumes the sugar in the grapes and converts it to ethanol, carbon dioxide, and heat.
Carbon dioxide is produced during the processes of decay of organic materials and the fermentation of sugars in bread, beer and wine making.

Ancient Rome and wine

RomansRomanwine
Wine reached the Balkans by 4500 BC and was consumed and celebrated in ancient Greece, Thrace and Rome.
Ancient Rome played a pivotal role in the history of wine.

Georgia (country)

GeorgiaGeorgianRepublic of Georgia
The earliest evidence of wine in Georgia from 6000 BC, Iran from 5000 BC, and Sicily from 4000 BC.
The earliest evidence of wine to date has been found in Georgia, where 8000-year old wine jars were uncovered.

Armenian wine

Armeniawinealcoholic drinks production
The earliest remains of Apadana Palace in Persepolis dating back to 515 BC include carvings depicting soldiers from Achaemenid Empire subject nations bringing gifts to the Achaemenid king, among them Armenians bringing their famous wine.
Armenian wine is wine made in Armenia, in the region of South Caucasus.

Vitis vinifera

viniferagrapeV. vinifera
If these drinks, which seem to be the precursors of rice wine, included grapes rather than other fruits, they would have been any of the several dozen indigenous wild species in China, rather than Vitis vinifera, which was introduced there 6000 years later.
The grape is eaten fresh, processed to make wine or juice, or dried to produce raisins.

California wine

CaliforniaCalifornianCalifornian wine
For example, Mission grapes were brought by Franciscan monks to New Mexico in 1628 beginning the New Mexico wine heritage, these grapes were also brought to California which started the California wine industry.
California wine is wine made in the U.S. state of California, it supplies a vast majority of the American wine production, along with New Mexico wine these American wine regions are longtime examples of viticulture within New World wine.

New Mexico wine

New MexicoNew Mexico,
For example, Mission grapes were brought by Franciscan monks to New Mexico in 1628 beginning the New Mexico wine heritage, these grapes were also brought to California which started the California wine industry.
New Mexico has a long history of wine production, within American wine, especially along the Rio Grande, from its capital Santa Fe, the city of Albuquerque with its surrounding metropolitan area, and in valleys like the Mesilla and the Mimbres River valleys.

List of grape varieties

grape varietygrape varietiesgrape
Red wine is made from dark-colored grape varieties.
This list of grape varieties includes cultivated grapes, whether used for wine, or eating as a table grape, fresh or dried (raisin, currant, sultana).

Wine color

colorcoloreddeeply colored
The actual color of the wine can range from violet, typical of young wines, through red for mature wines, to brown for older red wines.
The color of wine is one of the most easily recognizable characteristics of wines.

Chardonnay

ObaidehaubainBeaunois
Some varieties are well-known, such as the Chardonnay, Sauvignon, and Riesling.
Chardonnay is a green-skinned grape variety used in the production of white wine.

Pinot noir

SpätburgunderPinot neroBlauburgunder
Pinot noir, for example, is commonly used to produce champagne.
Pinot noir is a red wine grape variety of the species Vitis vinifera.

Sauvignon blanc

SauvignonFumé BlancFie (grape)
Some varieties are well-known, such as the Chardonnay, Sauvignon, and Riesling.
Sauvignon blanc is planted in many of the world's wine regions, producing a crisp, dry, and refreshing white varietal wine.