Winesburg, Ohio

First edition title page
Map of fictional town of Winesburg from the 1st edition of Winesburg, Ohio.

1919 short story cycle by the American author Sherwood Anderson.

- Winesburg, Ohio

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Sherwood Anderson

American novelist and short story writer, known for subjective and self-revealing works.

Anderson in 1933
"Roof-Fix carried us to Elyria" wrote Sherwood Anderson's wife, Cornelia Lane, of the product her husband started a company to sell.
Advertisement for the Anderson Manufacturing Co., a company owned by Sherwood Anderson from 1907 to 1913, almost a decade before he became a well-known author
Anderson's grave marker at Round Hill Cemetery in Marion, Virginia. Designed by Wharton Esherick and executed in black granite by Victor Riu.
First edition title page of Winesburg, Ohio

His most enduring work is the short-story sequence Winesburg, Ohio, which launched his career.

Short story cycle

Collection of short stories in which the narratives are specifically composed and arranged with the goal of creating an enhanced or different experience when reading the group as a whole as opposed to its individual parts.

An illustration from Lewis Carroll's 1865 novel Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, depicting the fictional protagonist, Alice, playing a fantastical game of croquet.

Rolf Lundén has suggested four types of cycles, in order of decreasing unity: the cycle, in which the ending resolves the conflicts brought up at the beginning (e.g., The Bridge of San Luis Rey); the sequence, in which each story is linked to the ones before it but without a cumulative story that ties everything together (e.g., The Unvanquished); the cluster, in which the links between stories are not always made obvious and in which the discontinuity between them is more significant than their unity (e.g., Go Down, Moses); and the novella, in the classical sense of a collection of unrelated stories brought together by a frame story and a narrator(s) (e.g., Winesburg, Ohio).

Clyde, Ohio

City in Sandusky County, Ohio, United States, located 8 miles southeast of Fremont.

The town is known for having served as inspiration for the setting of Sherwood Anderson's 1919 collection of short stories Winesburg, Ohio.

Literary modernism

Characterized by a self-conscious break with traditional ways of writing, in both poetry and prose fiction writing.

Modernist literature scholar David Thorburn saw connections between literary style and impressionist painters such as Claude Monet. Modernist writers, like Monet's paintings of water lilies, suggested an awareness of art as art, rejected realistic interpretations of the world and dramatized "a drive towards the abstract".

Sherwood Anderson's Winesburg, Ohio (1919) is known as an early work of modernism for its plain-spoken prose style and emphasis on psychological insight into characters.

Jean Toomer

American poet and novelist commonly associated with the Harlem Renaissance, though he actively resisted the association, and modernism.

Toomer circa 1920–1930
Jean Toomer's passport (1926)
Jean Toomer and Margery Latimer
Drawing of Jean Toomer by Winold Reiss (c. 1925). Housed at the National Portrait Gallery (United States). Public domain.

Toomer acknowledged the influence of Sherwood Anderson's Winesburg, Ohio (1919) as his model, in addition to other influential works of that period.

Amos Oz

Israeli writer, novelist, journalist, and intellectual.

Amos Oz, 1965
Amos Oz in 2005
Amos Oz in 2013
Amos Oz speaking at Tel Aviv University, faculty of medicine in 2011
Amos Oz in 2015, with Mirjam Pressler who received a prize for a translation of his novel to German

Oz credited a 1959 translation of American writer Sherwood Anderson's short story collection Winesburg, Ohio with his decision to "write about what was around me."

The Martian Chronicles

Science fiction fix-up novel, published in 1950, by American writer Ray Bradbury that chronicles the exploration and settlement of Mars, the home of indigenous Martians, by Americans leaving a troubled Earth that is eventually devastated by nuclear war.

First edition's dust jacket.

In responding to the suggestion, the 29-year-old Bradbury was shocked by the idea that he had already written a novel and remembers saying: "Oh, my God... I read Winesburg, Ohio by Sherwood Anderson when I was 24 and I said to myself, 'Oh God, wouldn't it be wonderful if someday I could write a book as good as this but put it on the planet Mars.'".

Malcolm Cowley

American writer, editor, historian, poet, and literary critic.

Malcolm Cowley, photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1963

Cowley's work anthologizing 28 Fitzgerald short stories and editing a reissue of Tender Is the Night, restructured based on Fitzgerald's notes, both in 1951, were key to reviving Fitzgerald's reputation as well, and his introduction to Sherwood Anderson's Winesburg, Ohio, written in the early 1960s, is said to have had a similar effect on Anderson's reputation.

Nederlander Theatre

1,232-seat Broadway theater at 208 West 41st Street in Midtown Manhattan, New York City.

With Pretty Woman on the facade

1958: Winesburg, Ohio

B. W. Huebsch

American publisher in New York City in the early 20th century.

US Passport Photo 1919
B. W. Huebsch's publishing logo circa 1916 (from James Joyce's Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man

He was the first publisher in the United States of: D. H. Lawrence's book Sons and Lovers (1913), James Joyce's Dubliners (1916 ) and Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man (1916 ), and Sherwood Anderson's Winesburg, Ohio (1919).