Winston Churchill

Sir Winston ChurchillChurchillChurchill, WinstonPrime Minister ChurchillWinstonWinston Spencer ChurchillChurchillianRt Hon Sir Winston ChurchillPrime MinisterSir Winston
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill (30 November 1874 – 24 January 1965) was a British politician, army officer, and writer.wikipedia
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Conservative Party (UK)

ConservativeConservative PartyConservatives
Ideologically an economic liberal and imperialist, for most of his career he was a member of the Conservative Party, which he led from 1940 to 1955, but from 1904 to 1924 was a member of the Liberal Party. His paternal grandfather, John Spencer-Churchill, 7th Duke of Marlborough, had been a Member of Parliament (MP) for ten years, a member of the Conservative Party who served in the government of Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli.
Conservative Prime Ministers — notably Winston Churchill and Margaret Thatcher — led governments for 57 years of the twentieth century.

Spencer family

SpencerSpencer-ChurchillSpencers
Of mixed English and American parentage, Churchill was born in Oxfordshire to a wealthy, aristocratic family.
Two prominent members of the family during the 20th century were British prime minister Sir Winston Churchill and British royal family member Diana, Princess of Wales.

1945 United Kingdom general election

1945 general election19451945 election
After the Conservatives' defeat in the 1945 general election, he became Leader of the Opposition.
Since 1940, the United Kingdom had been governed by a wartime coalition of all major parties led by Winston Churchill and his Conservatives.

1964 United Kingdom general election

19641964 general election1964 election
In declining health, Churchill resigned as prime minister in 1955, although he remained an MP until 1964.
The 1964 United Kingdom general election was held on 15 October 1964, five years after the previous election, and thirteen years after the Conservative Party, first led by Winston Churchill, had entered power.

Appeasement

appeasement of Hitlerappeaseappeaser
Out of office during the 1930s, Churchill took the lead in calling for British rearmament to counter the growing threat from Nazi Germany.
However, by the time of the Munich Pact—concluded on 30 September 1938 among Germany, Britain, France, and Italy—the policy was opposed by the Labour Party, by a few Conservative dissenters such as Winston Churchill and Duff Cooper, and even by Anthony Eden, a former proponent of appeasement.

State funerals in the United Kingdom

state funeralstate funeralsceremonial funeral
Upon his death in 1965, he was given a state funeral.
There was a state funeral in 1965 for Sir Winston Churchill.

Lord Randolph Churchill

Randolph ChurchillLord Randolph Henry Spencer-ChurchillRH Spencer-Churchill
His own father, Lord Randolph Churchill, had been elected Conservative MP for Woodstock in 1873.
His elder son, Winston, wrote a biography of him in 1906.

John Spencer-Churchill, 7th Duke of Marlborough

7th Duke of MarlboroughThe Duke of MarlboroughDuke of Marlborough
His paternal grandfather, John Spencer-Churchill, 7th Duke of Marlborough, had been a Member of Parliament (MP) for ten years, a member of the Conservative Party who served in the government of Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli.
He was the paternal grandfather of Prime Minister Sir Winston Churchill.

Second Baldwin ministry

Baldwin IIConservative GovernmentStanley Baldwin's Conservative government
After two years out of Parliament, he served as Chancellor of the Exchequer in Stanley Baldwin's Conservative government, returning the pound sterling in 1925 to the gold standard at its pre-war parity, a move widely seen as creating deflationary pressure and depressing the UK economy.

Stanley Baldwin

BaldwinStanley Baldwin, 1st Earl Baldwin of BewdleySir Stanley Baldwin
After two years out of Parliament, he served as Chancellor of the Exchequer in Stanley Baldwin's Conservative government, returning the pound sterling in 1925 to the gold standard at its pre-war parity, a move widely seen as creating deflationary pressure and depressing the UK economy.
After winning the 1924 general election, Baldwin formed his second government, which saw important tenures of office by Sir Austen Chamberlain (Foreign Secretary), Winston Churchill (at the Exchequer) and Neville Chamberlain (Health).

David Lloyd George

Lloyd GeorgeRt Hon David Lloyd GeorgeDavid Lloyd George, 1st Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor
In 1917, he returned to government under David Lloyd George as Minister of Munitions, then as Secretary of State for War and Air, and finally for the Colonies, overseeing the Anglo-Irish Treaty and Britain's Middle East policy.
He declined an offer to serve in Winston Churchill's War Cabinet in 1940 and was raised to the peerage in 1945, shortly before his death.

Neville Chamberlain

ChamberlainNevilleArthur Neville Chamberlain
In 1940 he became prime minister, replacing Neville Chamberlain.
He was succeeded by Winston Churchill but remained very well regarded in Parliament, especially among Conservatives.

1953 Iranian coup d'état

Operation Ajaxcoup d'état1953 coup
Re-elected Prime Minister in 1951, his second term was preoccupied with foreign affairs, including the Malayan Emergency, Mau Mau Uprising, Korean War, and a UK-backed Iranian coup.
Judging Mosaddegh to be unreliable and fearing a Communist takeover in Iran, UK prime minister Winston Churchill and the Eisenhower administration decided to overthrow Iran's government, though the predecessor Truman administration had opposed a coup, fearing the precedent that Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) involvement would set.

Elizabeth Everest

Elizabeth Ann EverestMrs. Elizabeth Everest
In Dublin, the brothers were cared for primarily by their nanny, Elizabeth Everest.
1832 – 3 July 1895) was Winston Churchill's beloved nurse and nanny, and an important figure in his early life.

Bombing of Dresden in World War II

bombing of DresdenDresdenfirebombing of Dresden
His wartime leadership was widely praised, although acts like the Bombing of Dresden and his wartime response to the Bengal famine generated controversy.
A special British Joint Intelligence Subcommittee report titled German Strategy and Capacity to Resist, prepared for Winston Churchill's eyes only, predicted that Germany might collapse as early as mid-April if the Soviets overran its eastern defences.

Blenheim Palace

BlenheimBlenheim ParkBlenheim Estate
Churchill was born at the family's ancestral home, Blenheim Palace in Oxfordshire, on 30 November 1874, at which time the United Kingdom was the dominant world power.
The palace is notable as the birthplace and ancestral home of Sir Winston Churchill.

Allies of World War II

AlliedAlliesAllied forces
Churchill oversaw British involvement in the Allied war effort against Germany and the Axis powers, resulting in victory in 1945.
During December 1941, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt devised the name "United Nations" for the Allies and proposed it to British Prime Minister Winston Churchill.

War correspondent

war reporterspecial correspondentcombat correspondent
He joined the British Army in 1895, and saw action in British India, the Anglo–Sudan War, and the Second Boer War, gaining fame as a war correspondent and writing books about his campaigns.

St George's School, Ascot

St. George's School, AscotSt George's SchoolSt. George's School
Aged seven, he began boarding at St. George's School in Ascot, Berkshire; he hated it, did poorly academically, and regularly misbehaved.
Among its former pupils was the famous British war-time Prime Minister Winston Churchill.

Mau Mau Uprising

Mau MauMau Mau rebellionMau-Mau
Re-elected Prime Minister in 1951, his second term was preoccupied with foreign affairs, including the Malayan Emergency, Mau Mau Uprising, Korean War, and a UK-backed Iranian coup.
The nature of fighting in Kenya led Winston Churchill to express concern in 1908 about how it would look if word got out:

Cold War

The Cold WarCold War eraCold-War
Amid the developing Cold War with the Soviet Union, he publicly warned of an "iron curtain" of Soviet influence in Europe and promoted European unity.
This policy was spearheaded by Minister of War Winston Churchill, a committed anti-communist.

The River War

The River War: An Account of the Reconquest of the SoudanThe River War: An Account of the Reconquest of the SudanThe River War: An Historical Account of the Reconquest of the Soudan
Back in England by October, Churchill wrote an account of the campaign, published as The River War in November 1899.
The River War: An Historical Account of the Reconquest of the Soudan (1899), by Winston Churchill, concerning his experiences as a British Army officer, during the Mahdist War (1881–99) in the Sudan.

Hyderabad

Hyderabad, IndiaHyderabad, TelanganaHyderabadi
Describing India as a "godless land of snobs and bores", Churchill remained there for 19 months, during the course of which he made three visits to Calcutta, expeditions to Hyderabad and the North West Frontier, and two visits back to Britain.
Notable persons who were born, worked, or studied in the geographic area of the city include; Bharat Ratna A. P. J. Abdul Kalam, Nobel laureate Sir Ronald Ross, President Zakir Husain, P. V. Narasimha Rao, Winston Churchill, Mir Osman Ali Khan and Sultan Abdullah.

Jack Churchill (1880–1947)

John Strange Spencer-ChurchillJackJack Churchill
It was here that Jennie's second son, Jack, was born in 1880; there has been speculation that Randolph was not his biological father.
Major John Strange Spencer-Churchill, DSO, TD (4 February 1880 – 23 February 1947), known as Jack Churchill, was the younger son of Lord Randolph Churchill and his wife Jennie, and the brother of former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Sir Winston Churchill.

Liberal welfare reforms

Liberal reformswelfare reformsreforms
In H. H. Asquith's Liberal government, Churchill served as President of the Board of Trade, Home Secretary, and First Lord of the Admiralty, championing prison reform and workers' social security.