Wisdom

sapientsapiencewisesagacityDevotion to Study and the pursuit of Wisdomintelligent lifeprudenceancient wisdomhumanInspiration
Wisdom, sapience, or sagacity is the ability to think and act using knowledge, experience, understanding, common sense and insight.wikipedia
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Detachment (philosophy)

detachmentnon-attachmentletting go
Wisdom is associated with attributes such as unbiased judgment, compassion, experiential self-knowledge, self-transcendence and non-attachment, and virtues such as ethics and benevolence.
It is considered a wise virtue and is promoted in various Eastern religions, such as Jainism, Taoism and Buddhism.

Experience

experiencesexperiencedexperiential
Wisdom, sapience, or sagacity is the ability to think and act using knowledge, experience, understanding, common sense and insight.
The word "experience" may refer, somewhat ambiguously, both to mentally unprocessed immediately perceived events as well as to the purported wisdom gained in subsequent reflection on those events or interpretation of them.

Sophia (wisdom)

SophiaWisdomSapientia
To Socrates and Plato, philosophy was literally the love of wisdom (philo-sophia).
Sophia ( sophía "wisdom") is a central idea in Hellenistic philosophy and religion, Platonism, Gnosticism, and Christian theology.

Knowledge

knowhuman knowledgesituated knowledge
Wisdom, sapience, or sagacity is the ability to think and act using knowledge, experience, understanding, common sense and insight.
In this story, Theuth presents his new invention "writing" to King Thamus, telling Thamus that his new invention "will improve both the wisdom and memory of the Egyptians" (Postman, Neil (1992) Technopoly, Vintage, New York, p. 74).

Minerva

MinerveMenervaRoman goddess
The ancient Romans also valued wisdom which was personified in Minerva, or Pallas.
Minerva is the Roman goddess of wisdom and strategic warfare and the sponsor of arts, trade, and strategy.

Compassion

humanitycompassionateDayā
Wisdom is associated with attributes such as unbiased judgment, compassion, experiential self-knowledge, self-transcendence and non-attachment, and virtues such as ethics and benevolence.
It has positive effects on subjective happiness, optimism, wisdom, curiosity, agreeableness, and extroversion.

Epistemic humility

Thus it became popularly immortalized in the phrase "I know that I know nothing" that it is wise to recognize one's own ignorance and to value epistemic humility.
Other histories of the concept trace its origin to the humility theory of wisdom attributed to Socrates in Plato's Apology.

Academy

academicacademiaacademics
Nicholas Maxwell, a contemporary philosopher in the United Kingdom, advocates that academia ought to alter its focus from the acquisition of knowledge to seeking and promoting wisdom.
The name traces back to Plato's school of philosophy, founded approximately 385 BC at Akademia, a sanctuary of Athena, the goddess of wisdom and skill, north of Athens, Greece.

Prudence

PrudentiaImprudenceprudent
Prudence, which is intimately related to wisdom, became one of the four cardinal virtues of Catholicism.
It is often associated with wisdom, insight, and knowledge.

Solomon

King SolomonSalomonSchlomo
It is named after King Solomon, the third leader of the Jewish Kingdom, who has shown a great deal of wisdom when making judgments about other people's dilemmas but lacked insight when it came to important decisions in his own life.
He is portrayed as great in wisdom, wealth and power beyond either of the previous kings of the country, but also as a king who sinned.

Plato

Plato's dialoguesDialogues of PlatoPlatonic dialogues
To Socrates and Plato, philosophy was literally the love of wisdom (philo-sophia). Apollo was also considered a god of wisdom, designated as the conductor of the Muses (Musagetes), who were personifications of the sciences and of the inspired and poetic arts; According to Plato in his Cratylus, the name of Apollo could also mean "Ballon" (archer) and "Omopoulon" (unifier of poles [divine and earthly]), since this god was responsible for divine and true inspirations, thus considered an archer who was always right in healing and oracles: “he is an ever-darting archer”.
A philosopher has the moderate love for wisdom and the courage to act according to wisdom.

Nicholas Maxwell

Maxwell, Nicholas
Nicholas Maxwell, a contemporary philosopher in the United Kingdom, advocates that academia ought to alter its focus from the acquisition of knowledge to seeking and promoting wisdom.
Nicholas Maxwell (born 3 July 1937) is a philosopher who has devoted much of his working life to arguing that there is an urgent need to bring about a revolution in academia so that it seeks and promotes wisdom and does not just acquire knowledge.

Cardinal virtues

cardinalcardinal virtuefour cardinal virtues
Prudence, which is intimately related to wisdom, became one of the four cardinal virtues of Catholicism.

Thoth

DjehutyTheuthThoth created him
Apollo was considered the god who prophesied through the priestesses (Pythia) in the Temple of Apollo (Delphi), where the aphorism “know thyself" (gnōthi seauton) was inscribed (part of the wisdom of the Delphic maxims). He was contrasted with Hermes, who was related to the sciences and technical wisdom, and, in the first centuries after Christ, was associated with Thoth in an Egyptian syncretism, under the name Hermes Trimegistus. Greek tradition recorded the earliest introducers of wisdom in the Seven Sages of Greece.
Consequently, Thoth gradually became seen as a god of wisdom, magic, and the measurement and regulation of events and of time.

Ahura Mazda

OhrmazdAhuramazdaMazda
In the Avesta hymns traditionally attributed to Zoroaster, the Gathas, Ahura Mazda means "Lord" (Ahura) and "Wisdom" (Mazda), and it is the central deity who embodies goodness, being also called "Good Thought" (Vohu Manah).
The literal meaning of the word Ahura is "lord", and that of Mazda is "wisdom".

Enki

EaNudimmudEnki/Ea
In Mesopotamian religion and mythology, Enki, also known as Ea, was the God of wisdom and intelligence.
Considered the master shaper of the world, god of wisdom and of all magic, Enki was characterized as the lord of the Abzu (Apsu in Akkadian), the freshwater sea or groundwater located within the earth.

Judgement

judgmentjudgmentsjudging
Grossmann and colleagues have synthesized prior psychological literature, indicating that in the face of ill-defined life situations wisdom involves certain cognitive processes affording unbiased, sound judgment: (i) intellectual humility or recognition of limits of own knowledge; (ii) appreciation of perspectives broader than the issue at hand; (iii) sensitivity to the possibility of change in social relations; and (iv) compromise or integration of different perspectives.

Goddess

goddessessacred femininefemale deity
The ancient Greeks considered wisdom to be an important virtue, personified as the goddesses Metis and Athena.
In Mysticism, Gnosticism, as well as some Hellenistic religions, there is a female spirit or goddess named Sophia who is said to embody wisdom and who is sometimes described as a virgin.

Positive psychology

positive psychologistpositivePositive psychological
Researchers in the field of positive psychology have defined wisdom as the coordination of "knowledge and experience" and "its deliberate use to improve well being."

Insight

insightsmindAha-Erlebnis
Wisdom, sapience, or sagacity is the ability to think and act using knowledge, experience, understanding, common sense and insight.

Socrates

SocraticSokratesSocrate
To Socrates and Plato, philosophy was literally the love of wisdom (philo-sophia).
By a process of questioning, the soul can be brought to remember the ideas in their pure form, thus bringing wisdom.

Metacognition

metacognitivemeta-cognitionmeta-cognitive
Opinions on the exact psychological definitions of wisdom vary, but there is some consensus that critical to wisdom are certain meta-cognitive processes affording life reflection and judgment about critical life matters.
Metacognologists believe that the ability to consciously think about thinking is unique to sapient species and indeed is one of the definitions of sapience or wisdom.

Christian theology

Christian doctrineChristian theologiantheology
In Christian theology, "wisdom" (From Hebrew: חכמה transliteration: chokmâh pronounced: khok-maw', Greek: Sophia, Latin: Sapientia) describes an aspect of God, or the theological concept regarding the wisdom of God.

Virtue

virtuesvirtuouspurity
Wisdom is associated with attributes such as unbiased judgment, compassion, experiential self-knowledge, self-transcendence and non-attachment, and virtues such as ethics and benevolence. The ancient Greeks considered wisdom to be an important virtue, personified as the goddesses Metis and Athena.

Robert Sternberg

Robert J. SternbergRobert Jeffrey SternbergSternberg, Robert J.
Robert Sternberg has suggested that wisdom is not to be confused with general (fluid or crystallized) intelligence.