Woodrow Wilson

WilsonPresident WilsonPresident Woodrow WilsonWilson AdministrationThomas Woodrow WilsonWilsonianWilson, WoodrowPresident of the United StatesPresident Wilson’sPresidential
Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856 – February 3, 1924) was an American politician, lawyer, and academic who served as the 28th president of the United States from 1913 to 1921.wikipedia
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The New Freedom

New Freedom
During his first term, Wilson presided over the passage of his progressive New Freedom domestic agenda.
The New Freedom was Woodrow Wilson's campaign platform in the 1912 presidential election in which he called for limited government, and also refers to the progressive programs enacted by Wilson during his first term as president from 1913 to 1916 while the Democrats controlled Congress.

Federal Reserve Act

Federal Reserve Act of 1913The Federal Reserve Act1913 establishment of the Federal Reserve
Wilson also presided over the passage of the Federal Reserve Act, which created a central banking system in the form of the Federal Reserve System.
The Federal Reserve Act was passed by the 63rd United States Congress and signed into law by President Woodrow Wilson on December 23, 1913.

Theodore Roosevelt

Teddy RooseveltPresident Theodore RooseveltRoosevelt
Wilson defeated incumbent Republican President William Howard Taft and Progressive Party nominee Theodore Roosevelt to win the 1912 presidential election, becoming the first Southerner to be elected president since the American Civil War.
He ran in the 1912 election and the split allowed the Democratic nominee Woodrow Wilson to win the election.

1916 United States presidential election

19161916 presidential election1916 election
He won re-election by a narrow margin in the presidential election of 1916, defeating Republican nominee Charles Evans Hughes.
Incumbent Democratic President Woodrow Wilson defeated Supreme Court Justice Charles Evans Hughes, the Republican candidate.

Charles Evans Hughes

Charles E. HughesHughesCharles Hughes
He won re-election by a narrow margin in the presidential election of 1916, defeating Republican nominee Charles Evans Hughes.
Though Hughes was widely viewed as the favorite in the race against incumbent Democratic President Woodrow Wilson, Wilson won a narrow victory.

Fourteen Points

Wilson's 14 PointsWoodrow Wilson's 14 points14 Points
Wilson presided over war-time mobilization but devoted much of his efforts to foreign affairs, developing the Fourteen Points as a basis for post-war peace.
The principles were outlined in a January 8, 1918, speech on war aims and peace terms to the United States Congress by President Woodrow Wilson.

Staunton, Virginia

StauntonStaunton CityStaunton, VA
Thomas Woodrow Wilson was born to a Scots-Irish family in Staunton, Virginia, on December 28, 1856.
Staunton is known for being the birthplace of Woodrow Wilson, the 28th U.S. president, and as the home of Mary Baldwin University, historically a women's college.

James Wilson (journalist)

James Wilson
His grandfather James Wilson published a pro-tariff and anti-slavery newspaper, The Western Herald and Gazette.
James Wilson (20 February 1787 – 17 October 1850) was a journalist and politician who was the paternal grandfather of US president Woodrow Wilson.

Historical rankings of presidents of the United States

rankedpolls of historians and political scientistsrank
Scholars have generally ranked Wilson as one of the better U.S. presidents, though he has received strong criticism for his actions regarding racial segregation.
The remaining places within the Top 10 are often rounded out by Theodore Roosevelt, Thomas Jefferson, Harry S. Truman, Woodrow Wilson, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Andrew Jackson, and John F. Kennedy.

Revenue Act of 1913

Underwood TariffTariff Act of 1913Underwood Tariff Act of 1913
His first major priority was the passage of the Revenue Act of 1913, which lowered tariffs and implemented a federal income tax.
The act was sponsored by Representative Oscar Underwood, passed by the 63rd United States Congress, and signed into law by President Woodrow Wilson.

Paris Peace Conference, 1919

Paris Peace ConferenceVersailles Peace Conference1919 Paris Peace Conference
After Germany signed an armistice in November 1918, Wilson and other Allied leaders took part in the Paris Peace Conference, where Wilson advocated for the establishment of a multilateral organization, per his "fourteenth point".
The "Big Four" were French Prime Minister Georges Clemenceau, British Prime Minister David Lloyd George, US President Woodrow Wilson, and Italian Prime Minister Vittorio Emanuele Orlando.

Woodrow Wilson Presidential Library

Woodrow Wilson BirthplaceThe ManseWoodrow Wilson Birthplace and Presidential Library
He was born in The Manse, a house of the Staunton First Presbyterian Church where Joseph served.
It contains the President's birthplace, known as the "Manse", a Museum that explores the life and times of Woodrow Wilson (1856–1924), a 6800 sqft Research Library, a gift shop, and several other buildings that are not open to the public.

Joseph Ruggles Wilson

Joseph R. Wilson
He was the third of four children and the first son of Joseph Ruggles Wilson (1822 – 1903) and Jessie Janet Woodrow (1826 – 1888), growing up in a home where slave labour was utilised.
Joseph Ruggles Wilson Sr. (February 28, 1822 – January 21, 1903) was a prominent Presbyterian theologian and father of President Woodrow Wilson, Nashville Banner editor Joseph Ruggles Wilson Jr., and Anne E. Wilson Howe.

Treaty of Versailles

Versailles TreatyVersaillesVersailles Peace Treaty
The resulting League of Nations was incorporated into the Treaty of Versailles and other treaties with the defeated Central Powers, but Wilson was subsequently unable to convince the Senate to ratify that treaty or allow the United States to join the League.
On 8 January 1918, President Woodrow Wilson issued the nation's postwar goals, the Fourteen Points.

Jessie Woodrow Wilson Sayre

JessieJessie Woodrow WilsonJessie Wilson
Their first child, Margaret, was born in April 1886, and their second child, Jessie, was born in August 1887.
Jessie Woodrow Wilson Sayre (August 28, 1887 – January 15, 1933) was a daughter of US President Woodrow Wilson and Ellen Louise Axson.

Henry Cabot Lodge

LodgeHenry C. LodgeHenry Cabot Lodge, Sr.
Wilson's essay on governmental reform was published in the International Review after winning the approval of editor Henry Cabot Lodge.
He is best known for his positions on foreign policy, especially his battle with President Woodrow Wilson in 1919 over the Treaty of Versailles.

Margaret Woodrow Wilson

MargaretMargaret Wilson
Their first child, Margaret, was born in April 1886, and their second child, Jessie, was born in August 1887.
Margaret Woodrow Wilson (April 16, 1886 – February 12, 1944) was the eldest child of US President Woodrow Wilson and Ellen Louise Axson.

Ellen Axson Wilson

Ellen WilsonEllen Louise AxsonEllen Louise Axson Wilson
In 1883, Wilson met and fell in love with Ellen Louise Axson, the daughter of a Presbyterian minister from Savannah, Georgia.
Ellen Louise Axson Wilson (née Axson; May 15, 1860 – August 6, 1914), was the first wife of Woodrow Wilson and the mother of their three daughters.

Armistice of 11 November 1918

ArmisticeArmistice with Germany1918 Armistice with Germany
After Germany signed an armistice in November 1918, Wilson and other Allied leaders took part in the Paris Peace Conference, where Wilson advocated for the establishment of a multilateral organization, per his "fourteenth point".
In addition, he recommended the acceptance of the main demands of US president Woodrow Wilson (the Fourteen Points) including putting the Imperial Government on a democratic footing, hoping for more favorable peace terms.

Eleanor Wilson McAdoo

EleanorEleanor WilsonEleanor Randolph Wilson
Their third and final child, Eleanor, was born in October 1889.
Eleanor Randolph Wilson McAdoo (October 16, 1889 – April 5, 1967) was an American author and the youngest daughter of US President Woodrow Wilson and Ellen Louise Axson.

Columbia Theological Seminary

Colombia Theological SeminaryColumbiaPresbyterian Seminary of the South
From 1870 to 1874, Wilson lived in Columbia, South Carolina, where his father was a theology professor at the Columbia Theological Seminary.
The school became a battle ground in the debate over the theory of evolution in the PCUS during the 1880s, due to the controversial views of James Woodrow, an uncle of President Woodrow Wilson and seminary science professor, who aligned with evolution, a controversy which led to the school not operating during the 1887-1888 academic year.

Francis Bowes Sayre Sr.

Francis B. SayreFrancis Bowes Sayre, Sr.Francis Bowes Sayre
In 1913, Jessie married Francis Bowes Sayre Sr., who later served as High Commissioner to the Philippines.
Francis Bowes Sayre Sr. (April 30, 1885 – March 29, 1972) was a professor at Harvard Law School, High Commissioner of the Philippines, and a son-in-law of President Woodrow Wilson.

Democratic Party (United States)

DemocraticDemocratDemocratic Party
A member of the Democratic Party, Wilson served as the president of Princeton University and as the 34th governor of New Jersey before winning the 1912 presidential election.
The Democrats took control of the House in 1910 and elected Woodrow Wilson as President in 1912 (when the Republicans split) and 1916.

Princeton University

PrincetonPrinceton CollegeCollege of New Jersey
After earning a Ph.D. in political science from Johns Hopkins University, Wilson taught at various schools before becoming the president of Princeton University.
In 1902, Woodrow Wilson, graduate of the Class of 1879, was elected the 13th president of the university.

Columbia, South Carolina

ColumbiaColumbia, SCColumbia, S.C.
From 1870 to 1874, Wilson lived in Columbia, South Carolina, where his father was a theology professor at the Columbia Theological Seminary.
The historic Robert Mills House was restored in 1967, which inspired the renovation and restoration of other historic structures such as the Hampton-Preston House and homes associated with President Woodrow Wilson, Maxcy Gregg, Mary Boykin Chesnut, and noted free black Celia Mann.