Workbench (AmigaOS)

WorkbenchAmiga WorkbenchAmiga Workbench 1.3AmigaOS workbenchWorkbench 2.1workbench screen
Workbench is the graphical file manager of AmigaOS developed by Commodore International for their Amiga line of computers.wikipedia
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AmigaOS

Amiga OSAmigaWorkbench
Workbench is the graphical file manager of AmigaOS developed by Commodore International for their Amiga line of computers.
It includes an abstraction of the Amiga's hardware, a disk operating system called AmigaDOS, a windowing system API called Intuition and a desktop file manager called Workbench.

Spatial file manager

file managerSpatialspatial interface
Workbench is the graphical file manager of AmigaOS developed by Commodore International for their Amiga line of computers.

Intuition (Amiga)

Intuitionintuition.libraryIntuition interface
Workbench utilizes the Amiga's native windowing system called Intuition to provide the graphical user interface.
Intuition should not be confused with Workbench, the AmigaOS spatial file manager, which relies on Intuition for handling windows and input events.

Workbench

benchbenchtoplaboratory bench
The Amiga Workbench uses the metaphor of a workbench (i.e. a workbench of manual labor), rather than the now-standard desktop metaphor, for representing file system organization.

Amiga

Commodore AmigaAmiga ComputerAmiga 500/600 (OCS/ECS)
Workbench is the graphical file manager of AmigaOS developed by Commodore International for their Amiga line of computers. Confusingly, "Workbench" was also the name originally given to the entire Amiga operating system up until version 3.1.
AmigaDOS was the disk operating system and command line portion of the OS and Workbench the native graphical windowing, icons, menu and pointer environment for file management and launching applications.

Desktop metaphor

desktopdesktop paradigmdesktops
The Amiga Workbench uses the metaphor of a workbench (i.e. a workbench of manual labor), rather than the now-standard desktop metaphor, for representing file system organization. It uses a workbench metaphor (in place of the more common desktop metaphor) for representing file system organisation.
The desktop was called Workbench, programs were called tools, small applications (applets) were utilities, directories were drawers, etc.Icons of objects were animated and the directories are shown as drawers which were represented as either open or closed.

AmigaGuide

Workbench 2.0 introduced AmigaGuide, a simple text-only hypertext markup scheme and browser, for providing online help inside applications.
Since Workbench 2.1 an Amiga Guide system for O.S. inline help files and reading manuals with hypertext formatting elements was launched in AmigaOS and based on a viewer called simply "AmigaGuide" and it has been included as standard feature on the Amiga system.

Amiga 1000

A1000Commodore Amiga 10001000
Workbench 1.0 was released with the first Amiga, the Amiga 1000, in 1985.

Kickstart (Amiga)

KickstartKickstart ROMAmiga Kickstart
Workbench itself has always been a disk-based component, though much of the underlying functionality is stored in the Amiga's Kickstart firmware, usually stored in ROM.
In general, to run a specific Workbench version a Kickstart with a matching or greater version number is required.

Hypertext

hypertextualityhypertext markupmetatext
Workbench 2.0 introduced AmigaGuide, a simple text-only hypertext markup scheme and browser, for providing online help inside applications.

AmigaOS 4

AmigaOS 4.0AmigaOS 4.1AmigaOS4
It was part of AmigaOS 4.0, and released in 2006.
AmigaOS 4 can be divided into two parts: the Workbench and the Kickstart.

Ambient (desktop environment)

Ambient
Ambient remotely resembles Workbench and Directory Opus Magellan trying to mix the best of both worlds.

Trash (computing)

Recycle Bintrashtrash can
The desktop itself is called Workbench and uses the following representations: drawers (instead of folders) for directories, tools for executable programs, projects for data files, and a trash can as a folder intended to contain deleted files.

Zune (widget toolkit)

ZuneWandererZune (GUI toolkit)
It sports an interface that recalls Amiga GUI Workbench window manager which presents a desktop environment paradigm, and its graphical aspect is enhanced with Magical User Interface features and styleguides.

Commodore International

CommodoreCommodore Business MachinesCommodore 64
Workbench is the graphical file manager of AmigaOS developed by Commodore International for their Amiga line of computers.

File system

filesystemfile systemsfilesystems
Workbench provides the user with a graphical interface to work with file systems and launch applications.

Metaphor

metaphorsmetaphoricalmetaphorically
The Amiga Workbench uses the metaphor of a workbench (i.e. a workbench of manual labor), rather than the now-standard desktop metaphor, for representing file system organization. It uses a workbench metaphor (in place of the more common desktop metaphor) for representing file system organisation.

Operating system

operating systemsOScomputer operating system
Confusingly, "Workbench" was also the name originally given to the entire Amiga operating system up until version 3.1.

Classic Mac OS

Mac OSMacintoshMac OS Classic
From release 3.5 the operating system was renamed "AmigaOS" and subsequently "Workbench" refers to the native file manager only (similarly, "System" was the name given to Mac OS up until version 7.6).

Apple Inc.

AppleApple ComputerApple Inc
These representations may be considered somewhat unusual by a modern user, but at the time there were no commonly accepted metaphors and Commodore chose to use different idioms from their competitors (Apple had already pursued legal action to prevent other software companies from offering graphical user interfaces similar to its own).

Graphical user interface

GUIgraphicalgraphical interface
Workbench utilizes the Amiga's native windowing system called Intuition to provide the graphical user interface.

Object-oriented programming

object-orientedobject orientedobject-oriented programming language
Later versions of AmigaOS enhanced the interface with more complex object-oriented widget systems, such as gadtools.library and BOOPSI (AmigaOS 2.0 and later) and ReAction (AmigaOS 3.5 and later).

BOOPSI

Later versions of AmigaOS enhanced the interface with more complex object-oriented widget systems, such as gadtools.library and BOOPSI (AmigaOS 2.0 and later) and ReAction (AmigaOS 3.5 and later).

ReAction GUI

ReAction
Later versions of AmigaOS enhanced the interface with more complex object-oriented widget systems, such as gadtools.library and BOOPSI (AmigaOS 2.0 and later) and ReAction (AmigaOS 3.5 and later).

Exec (Amiga)

ExecAmiga ExecExec (for executive)
This is achieved through Exec, the Amiga's multi-tasking kernel, which handles memory management, message passing, and task scheduling.