World Health Organization

WHOWorld Health OrganisationWorld Health Organization (WHO)The World Health OrganizationWorld Health Organisation (WHO)W.H.O.Constitution of the World Health OrganizationHealth OrganizationWHO (World Health Organization)World Health Organization’s
The World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.wikipedia
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Public health

Community MedicinehealthSchool of Public Health
The World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.
As such, according to the World Health Organization, it is not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.

World Health Assembly

62nd World Health Assembly69th World Health Assembly (WHA)Third World Health Assembly
The constitution of the WHO has been signed by 61 countries (all 51 member countries and 10 others) on 22 July 1946, with the first meeting of the World Health Assembly finishing on 24 July 1948.
The World Health Assembly (WHA) is the forum through which the World Health Organization (WHO) is governed by its 194 member states.

Smallpox

small poxvariolaVariola virus
Since its establishment, it has played a leading role in the eradication of smallpox.
The last naturally occurring case was diagnosed in October 1977 and the World Health Organization (WHO) certified the global eradication of the disease in 1980.

Occupational safety and health

health and safetyoccupational healthoccupational health and safety
Its current priorities include communicable diseases, in particular HIV/AIDS, Ebola, malaria and tuberculosis; the mitigation of the effects of non-communicable diseases such as sexual and reproductive health, development, and aging; nutrition, food security and healthy eating; occupational health; substance abuse; and driving the development of reporting, publications, and networking.
As defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) "occupational health deals with all aspects of health and safety in the workplace and has a strong focus on primary prevention of hazards."

World Health Report

World Health Report 2006World Health magazineWorld Health Report 2000
The WHO is responsible for the World Health Report, the worldwide World Health Survey, and World Health Day.
The World Health Report (WHR) is a series of annual reports produced by the World Health Organization (WHO).

International Sanitary Conferences

International Sanitary ConferenceInternational Sanitary Convention [for preventing the introduction and spread of the PlagueSanitary Conference in Vienna
The International Sanitary Conferences, originally held on 23 June 1851, were the first predecessors of the WHO.
In total 14 conferences took place from 1851 to 1938; the conferences played a major role in the formation of the World Health Organization in 1948.

World Health Day

World Health Day 2011World Health Day 2006World Health Day 2016: Beat Diabetes
The WHO is responsible for the World Health Report, the worldwide World Health Survey, and World Health Day.
The World Health Day is a global health awareness day celebrated every year on 7 April, under the sponsorship of the World Health Organization (WHO), as well as other related organizations.

Ebola virus disease

EbolaEbola virusEbola hemorrhagic fever
Its current priorities include communicable diseases, in particular HIV/AIDS, Ebola, malaria and tuberculosis; the mitigation of the effects of non-communicable diseases such as sexual and reproductive health, development, and aging; nutrition, food security and healthy eating; occupational health; substance abuse; and driving the development of reporting, publications, and networking.
Between 1976 and 2013, the World Health Organization reports 24 outbreaks involving 2,387 cases with 1,590 deaths.

Szeming Sze

During the 1945 United Nations Conference on International Organization, Szeming Sze, a delegate from China, conferred with Norwegian and Brazilian delegates on creating an international health organization under the auspices of the new United Nations.
Szeming Sze (Chinese: 施思明, Pinyin: Shī Sīmíng; April 5, 1908 – October 27, 1998) was a prominent Chinese diplomat and the co-founder who helped build the World Health Organization into a specialized United Nations agency.

Substance abuse

drug abusedrug useabuse
Its current priorities include communicable diseases, in particular HIV/AIDS, Ebola, malaria and tuberculosis; the mitigation of the effects of non-communicable diseases such as sexual and reproductive health, development, and aging; nutrition, food security and healthy eating; occupational health; substance abuse; and driving the development of reporting, publications, and networking.
'Drug abuse' is no longer a current medical diagnosis in either of the most used diagnostic tools in the world, the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), and the World Health Organization's International Statistical Classification of Diseases (ICD).

International Agency for Research on Cancer

IARCInternational Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC)Group 4
1965 saw the first report on diabetes mellitus and the creation of the International Agency for Research on Cancer.
The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC; Centre International de Recherche sur le Cancer, CIRC) is an intergovernmental agency forming part of the World Health Organization of the United Nations.

Eradication of infectious diseases

eradicationeradicatedisease eradication programme
Since its establishment, it has played a leading role in the eradication of smallpox.
In 1988, the World Health Organization (WHO), Rotary International, the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), and the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) passed the Global Polio Eradication Initiative.

HIV/AIDS

AIDSHIVacquired immune deficiency syndrome
Its current priorities include communicable diseases, in particular HIV/AIDS, Ebola, malaria and tuberculosis; the mitigation of the effects of non-communicable diseases such as sexual and reproductive health, development, and aging; nutrition, food security and healthy eating; occupational health; substance abuse; and driving the development of reporting, publications, and networking.
The World Health Organization estimates the risk of transmission as a result of a medical injection in Africa at 1.2%.

Expanded Program on Immunization

Expanded Programme on ImmunizationEPIchildhood immunizations
1974: The Expanded Programme on Immunization and the control programme of onchocerciasis was started, an important partnership between the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), and the World Bank.
The Expanded Program on Immunization is a World Health Organization program with the goal to make vaccines available to all children.

League of Nations

The League of NationsCouncil of the League of NationsLeague
Its predecessor, the Health Organization, was an agency of the League of Nations.
Three of these institutions were transferred to the United Nations after the Second World War: the International Labour Organization, the Permanent Court of International Justice (as the International Court of Justice), and the Health Organisation (restructured as the World Health Organization).

Essential medicines

essential drugsWHO list of essential medicinesessential medicine
1977: The first list of essential medicines was drawn up, and a year later the ambitious goal of "Health For All" was declared.
Essential medicines, as defined by the World Health Organization (WHO), are the medicines that "satisfy the priority health care needs of the population".

Disease surveillance

surveillancecheckingdisease surveillance tool
1967: The WHO intensified the global smallpox eradication by contributing $2.4 million annually to the effort and adopted a new disease surveillance method.
Organizations like the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) now can report cases and deaths from significant diseases within days - sometimes within hours - of the occurrence.

Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS

UNAIDSJoint United Nations Programme on HIV and AIDSJoint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS
Two years later preventing discrimination against sufferers was attended to and in 1996 UNAIDS was formed.
UNAIDS is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, where it shares some site facilities with the World Health Organization.

Malaria

cerebral malariamalarial fevermalarial
Its current priorities include communicable diseases, in particular HIV/AIDS, Ebola, malaria and tuberculosis; the mitigation of the effects of non-communicable diseases such as sexual and reproductive health, development, and aging; nutrition, food security and healthy eating; occupational health; substance abuse; and driving the development of reporting, publications, and networking.
As of 2006, the World Health Organization recommends 12 insecticides in IRS operations, including DDT and the pyrethroids cyfluthrin and deltamethrin.

Malaria vaccine

malaria vaccinesvaccinevaccination against malaria
As of 2012, the WHO was to report as to whether RTS,S/AS01, were a viable malaria vaccine.
Due to this low efficacy, the World Health Organization (WHO) does not recommend the routine use of the RTS,S vaccine in babies between 6 and 12 weeks of age.

Onchocerciasis

river blindnessleopard skinonchocerciasis, ocular
1974: The Expanded Programme on Immunization and the control programme of onchocerciasis was started, an important partnership between the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), and the World Bank.
It is listed by the World Health Organization (WHO) as a neglected tropical disease.

Geneva

Geneva, SwitzerlandGenèveGeneve
It was established on 7 April 1948, and is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.
Several agencies are headquartered at Geneva, including the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, the World Health Organization, the International Labour Organization, International Telecommunication Union, the International Baccalaureate Organization and the World Intellectual Property Organization.

Global Polio Eradication Initiative

1988: The Global Polio Eradication Initiative was established.
It was described by the World Health Organization as the largest public health initiative in history.

BCG vaccine

BCGBacillus Calmette-GuérinBacille Calmette-Guérin
1947: The WHO established an epidemiological information service via telex, and by 1950 a mass tuberculosis inoculation drive using the BCG vaccine was under way.
In 2007, The WHO stopped recommending BCG for infants with HIV, even if there is a high risk of exposure to TB, because of the risk of disseminated BCG infection (which is approximately 400 per 100,000 in that higher risk context).

Reproductive health

sexual healthsexual and reproductive healthsexual
Its current priorities include communicable diseases, in particular HIV/AIDS, Ebola, malaria and tuberculosis; the mitigation of the effects of non-communicable diseases such as sexual and reproductive health, development, and aging; nutrition, food security and healthy eating; occupational health; substance abuse; and driving the development of reporting, publications, and networking.
Within the framework of the World Health Organization's (WHO) definition of health as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity, reproductive health, or sexual health/hygiene, addresses the reproductive processes, functions and system at all stages of life.