A report on World Trade Center station (PATH)

Hudson Terminal (right) and the Singer Building (left) in 1909
Preliminary site plans for the new World Trade Center
Inside the Oculus, leading to the Dey Street Concourse
Platform level
The West Concourse
Concourse above PATH tracks
The ribs, as seen from outside the station at night
Workers open up the glass ceiling to make repairs
Doorway between PATH and New York City Subway stations, including the back of the preserved door from 9/11 with the words "MATF 1 / 9 13" spray-painted on it. This was a message from Urban Search and Rescue Massachusetts Task Force 1 of Beverly, Massachusetts, who searched the World Trade Center site on September 13, 2001
Oculus during Pride Month

Terminal station on the PATH system, within the World Trade Center complex in the Financial District of Manhattan, New York City.

- World Trade Center station (PATH)

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Overall

The original complex in March 2001. The tower on the left, with antenna spire, was 1 WTC. The tower on the right was 2 WTC. All seven buildings of the WTC complex are partially visible. The red granite-clad building left of the Twin Towers was the original 7 World Trade Center. In the background is the East River.

World Trade Center (1973–2001)

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Large complex of seven buildings in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan, New York City, United States.

Large complex of seven buildings in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan, New York City, United States.

The original complex in March 2001. The tower on the left, with antenna spire, was 1 WTC. The tower on the right was 2 WTC. All seven buildings of the WTC complex are partially visible. The red granite-clad building left of the Twin Towers was the original 7 World Trade Center. In the background is the East River.
Radio Row in 1936; Cortlandt Street station in background
Lower Manhattan in 1980. The twin towers can be seen in the very background.
A typical floor layout and elevator arrangement of the WTC towers
Schematic of the prefabricated composite floor truss system used in the construction of WTC
The exterior frame of the Twin Towers, 1979
World Trade Center under construction in May 1970
The WTC site building arrangement
The 5 acre Austin J. Tobin Plaza, looking west toward the Vista Hotel which was in 3 World Trade Center
Visitors on the viewing platform on the South Tower's roof, looking north toward Midtown Manhattan in 1984
Windows on the World restaurant interior, 1999
The World Financial Center and Battery Park City, next to the World Trade Center, were built on reclaimed land.
Aftermath of the 1993 bombing
Looking up at the World Trade Center from Austin J. Tobin Plaza, 1995
Seen from the Hudson River, April 2001
A fireball rises in the immediate aftermath of United Airlines Flight 175 hitting the South Tower during the September 11 attacks.
World Trade Center site after 9/11 attacks, seen from above with original building locations outlined in yellow
The National September 11 Memorial. The reflecting pools are on the site of the Twin Towers. [ Comparison of the pre-9/11 site (background) and planned rebuild (blue overlay)]
The World Trade Center, as seen from a nearby street in 2000
The World Trade Center, as seen from Liberty Island in 1995
View of New York City, from the Brooklyn Bridge, through which the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center are visible

A memorial and museum to those killed in the attacks, a new rapid transit hub, and an elevated park have been opened.

World Trade Center (2001–present)

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Mostly completed complex of buildings in the Lower Manhattan neighborhood of New York City, U.S., replacing the original seven buildings on the same site that were destroyed in the September 11 attacks.

Mostly completed complex of buildings in the Lower Manhattan neighborhood of New York City, U.S., replacing the original seven buildings on the same site that were destroyed in the September 11 attacks.

The original World Trade Center in March 2001
Preliminary site plans for the World Trade Center's reconstruction. [ Comparison (background: pre-9/11, blue overlay: planned rebuild)].
Construction of the September 11 Memorial complex in December 2010
Rebuilding progress in April 2011, looking west from the transportation hub's site
Rebuilding progress in April 2014, looking east from the memorial
View across the south pool of the Memorial towards the adjacent Museum.
The portion of the Westfield World Trade Center inside the Oculus
The World Trade Center station's connection to the Cortlandt Street station
Construction on the Ronald O. Perelman Performing Arts Center in June 2021
An aerial view of Liberty Park
frameless

The site is being rebuilt with up to six new skyscrapers, four of which have been completed; a memorial and museum to those killed in the attacks; the elevated Liberty Park adjacent to the site, containing the St. Nicholas Greek Orthodox Church and the Vehicular Security Center; and a transportation hub.

PATH (rail system)

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13.8 mi rapid transit system in the northeastern New Jersey cities of Newark, Harrison, Jersey City, and Hoboken, as well as Lower and Midtown Manhattan in New York City.

13.8 mi rapid transit system in the northeastern New Jersey cities of Newark, Harrison, Jersey City, and Hoboken, as well as Lower and Midtown Manhattan in New York City.

One of the original plans, with branches to the Central Railroad of New Jersey Terminal (lower left) and the IRT Lexington Avenue Line at Astor Place (center)
Hudson tunnels shortly after their completion
Park Place Station in Newark was the H&MRR's terminus until the completion of Newark Penn Station in the late 1930s.
Historic tile work at current 14th street PATH station
The 19th Street station, abandoned since 1954
PATH train at Newark Penn Station, 1966
PATH arriving at Harrison, NJ in 1969
The completed World Trade Center Transportation Hub in April 2016
Newark Liberty Airport International Station, to which PATH service would be extended
SmartLink turnstiles at the WTC station accept both PATH SmartLink cards and MTA MetroCards.
The PA5 cars at Newark Penn Station
Interior of a PA5 car
View of the Dock Bridge, which is used by PATH but owned by Amtrak
View from the front of a Newark-bound train, 1997
Map of the PATH system (regular service)
Map of the PATH system (late-night hours and on weekends/holidays)
To-scale map of the PATH system

As part of the World Trade Center's construction, the Port Authority decided to demolish the Hudson Terminal and construct a new World Trade Center Terminal on the site.

New York City

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Most populous city in the United States.

Most populous city in the United States.

New Amsterdam, centered in the eventual Lower Manhattan, in 1664, the year England took control and renamed it "New York"
Fort George and the City of New York c. 1731. Royal Navy ships of the line are seen guarding what would become New York Harbor.
Columbia University was founded by royal charter in 1754 under the name of King's College.
The Battle of Long Island, the largest battle of the American Revolution, took place in Brooklyn in 1776.
Broadway follows the Native American Wickquasgeck Trail through Manhattan.
The current 5 boroughs of Greater New York as they appeared in 1814. Bronx was in Westchester County, Queens County included modern Nassau County, Kings County had 6 towns, one of which was Brooklyn, New York City is shown by hatching in southern New York County on the island of Manhattan, and Richmond County on Staten Island.
A construction worker atop the Empire State Building as it was being built in 1930. The Chrysler Building is behind him.
Manhattan's Little Italy, Lower East Side, circa 1900
The Stonewall Inn in Greenwich Village, a designated U.S. National Historic Landmark and National Monument, as the site of the June 1969 Stonewall riots and the cradle of the modern gay rights movement
United Airlines Flight 175 hits the South Tower of the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001.
The core of the New York City metropolitan area, with Manhattan Island at its center
Lower and Midtown Manhattan, as seen by a SkySat satellite in 2017
Central Park in Winter by Raymond Speers, in Munsey's Magazine, February 1900
Flushing Meadows–Corona Park was used in both the 1939 and 1964 New York World's Fair, with the Unisphere as the centerpiece of the latter and which remains today.
The Statue of Liberty on Liberty Island in New York Harbor is a symbol of the United States and its ideals of freedom, democracy, and opportunity.
View of The Pond and Midtown Manhattan from the Gapstow Bridge in Central Park, one of the world's most visited tourist attractions, in 2019
California sea lions play at the Bronx Zoo, the world's largest metropolitan zoo.
A map of racial distribution in New York, 2010 U.S. census. Each dot is 25 people:
The landmark Neo-Gothic Roman Catholic St. Patrick's Cathedral, Midtown Manhattan
Ultra-Orthodox Jewish residents in Brooklyn. Brooklyn has the largest Jewish community in the United States, with approximately 600,000 individuals.
The Islamic Cultural Center of New York in Upper Manhattan was the first mosque built in New York City.
Ganesh Temple in Flushing, Queens, is the oldest Hindu temple in the Western Hemisphere.
The New York Stock Exchange, by a significant margin the world's largest stock exchange per market capitalization of its listed companies, at US$23.1 trillion as of April 2018. Pictured is the exchange's building on Wall Street.
The Deutsche Bank Center as viewed from Central Park West
Times Square is the hub of the Broadway theater district and a media center. It also has one of the highest annual attendance rates of any tourist attraction in the world, estimated at 50 million.
The I Love New York logo, designed by Milton Glaser in 1977
Rockefeller Center is home to NBC Studios.
Times Square Studios, home of Good Morning America
Butler Library at Columbia University, described as one of the most beautiful college libraries in the United States
The Washington Square Arch, an unofficial icon of both New York University (NYU) and its Greenwich Village neighborhood
New York-Presbyterian Hospital, affiliated with Columbia University and Cornell University, the largest hospital and largest private employer in New York City and one of the world's busiest
The New York Police Department (NYPD) is the largest police force in the United States.
Police officers of New York Police Department (NYPD)
The Fire Department of New York (FDNY) is the largest municipal fire department in the United States.
The Stephen A. Schwarzman Headquarters Building of the New York Public Library, at 5th Avenue and 42nd Street
The fast-paced streets of New York City, January 2020
Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, part of Museum Mile, is one of the largest museums in the world.
Smorgasburg opened in 2011 as an open-air food market and is part of the Brooklyn Flea.
As of 2012, the city had about 6,000 hybrid taxis (shown) in service, the largest number of any city in North America.
New York City Hall is the oldest City Hall in the United States that still houses its original governmental functions.
The New York County Courthouse houses the New York Supreme Court and other offices.
Eric Adams, the current and 110th Mayor of New York City
New York City is home to the two busiest train stations in the U.S., including Grand Central Terminal.
The New York City Subway is the world's largest rapid transit system by number of stations.
The Port Authority Bus Terminal, the world's busiest bus station, at 8th Avenue and 42nd Street
John F. Kennedy Airport in Queens, the busiest international air passenger gateway to the United States
The Staten Island Ferry shuttles commuters between Manhattan and Staten Island.
Yellow medallion taxicabs are widely recognized icons of the city.
8th Avenue, looking northward ("uptown"). Most streets and avenues in Manhattan's grid plan incorporate a one-way traffic configuration.
The George Washington Bridge, connecting Upper Manhattan (background) from Fort Lee, New Jersey across the Hudson River, is the world's busiest motor vehicle bridge.
The growing skyline of Long Island City, Queens (background),<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-10-30/nyc-s-fastest-growing-neighborhood-gets-180-million-investment|title=NYC's Fastest-Growing Neighborhood Gets $180 Million Investment|first=Henry|last=Goldman|date=October 30, 2018|publisher=Bloomberg L.P|access-date=October 30, 2018}}</ref> facing the East River and Manhattan in May 2017
The Grand Concourse in the Bronx, foreground, with Manhattan in the background in February 2018
St. George, Staten Island as seen from the Staten Island Ferry, the world's busiest passenger-only ferry system, shuttling passengers between Manhattan and Staten Island
The Asia gate entrance to the Bronx Zoo, the world's largest metropolitan zoo.
The Spanish Harlem Orchestra. New York City is home to nearly 3 million Latino Americans, the largest Hispanic population of any city outside Latin America and Spain.
The Financial District of Lower Manhattan including Wall Street, the world's principal financial center

The World Trade Center PATH station, which had opened on July 19, 1909, as the Hudson Terminal, was also destroyed in the attacks.

Hudson Terminal

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Rapid transit station and office-tower complex in the Radio Row neighborhood of Lower Manhattan in New York City.

Rapid transit station and office-tower complex in the Radio Row neighborhood of Lower Manhattan in New York City.

Original H&M plan
Cover of folder containing time cards (timetables) for the H&M Railroad, with an illustration of the Hudson Terminal
This view from the southwest shows how Hudson Terminal was situated on what would become the World Trade Center site. The terminal is at center-left; in the background to its left is the Woolworth Building; in the background to its right are the Singer Building and the Equitable Building; and in the foreground to its right is 90 West Street.
Floor plan of the third and mezzanine floors

The Port Authority agreed to demolish Hudson Terminal to make way for the World Trade Center, and the railroad station closed in 1971, being replaced by PATH's World Trade Center station.

WTC Cortlandt station

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Station on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line of the New York City Subway in Lower Manhattan.

Station on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line of the New York City Subway in Lower Manhattan.

Station destruction caused by September 11, 2001, attacks
The WTC Transportation Hub Oculus building
View of a downtown 1 train entering the station
View of the artwork CHORUS
View of the main fare control area to the WTC Hub
Entrance to the station from street level

Although service on the Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line through the area was restored in 2002, the station's reconstruction was delayed until 2015 because the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey had to first rebuild the World Trade Center PATH station beneath it.

Chambers Street–World Trade Center/Park Place/Cortlandt Street station

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Ribbon cutting for the reopening of the southbound BMT platform
Tile work on BMT platform includes ships of sail and diesel, the Twin Towers of the original World Trade Center, Lower Manhattan skyline, and the never realized Brooklyn-Battery Bridge.
Connection to the World Trade Center Transportation Hub from the BMT platform
Doorway to PATH station, including preserved door from 9/11 with the words "MATF 1 / 9 13" spray-painted on it
A new entrance at Church Street and Park Place
Track wall mosaic
Entrance at Park Place & Broadway
Name tablet mosaic
Monogram mosaic
Poster announcing opening of the southbound platform
Plaque on the Dey Street Underpass
Dey Street Passageway entrance

The station also connects to the PATH via the World Trade Center Transportation Hub, and to the nearby Fulton Center via the Dey Street Passageway.

Bin Laden circa 1997–1998

September 11 attacks

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The September 11 attacks, commonly known as 9/11, were a series of four coordinated suicide terrorist attacks carried out by the militant Islamic extremist network al-Qaeda against the United States.

The September 11 attacks, commonly known as 9/11, were a series of four coordinated suicide terrorist attacks carried out by the militant Islamic extremist network al-Qaeda against the United States.

Bin Laden circa 1997–1998
Khalid Sheikh Mohammed after his capture in 2003
Map showing the attacks on the World Trade Center (Planes are not drawn to scale)
Diagram showing the attacks on the World Trade Center
Flight paths of the four planes
Collapse of the towers as seen from across the Hudson River in New Jersey
The north face of Two World Trade Center (South Tower) immediately after being struck by United Airlines Flight 175
World Trade Center site (Ground Zero) with an overlay showing the original building locations
Remains of 6, 7, and 1WTC
on September 17
Aerial view of the Pentagon
Satellite view of New York City on September 12, photographed by the Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) camera aboard Landsat 7.
A portion of the World Trade Center bathtub at the National September 11 Memorial & Museum
Search and rescue teams inspect the wreckage at Ground Zero on September 13
President George W. Bush is briefed in Sarasota, Florida, where he learned of the attacks unfolding while he was visiting an elementary school.
Vladimir Putin (right) and his then-wife Lyudmila Putina (center) on November 16
U.S. soldiers in Afghanistan
Survivors covered in dust after the collapse of the towers
U.S. deficit and debt increases 2001–2008
Alleged "extraordinary rendition" illegal flights of the CIA, as reported by Rzeczpospolita.
Mohamed Atta, an Egyptian national, was the ringleader of the attacks.
The exterior support columns from the lower level of the South Tower remained standing after the building collapsed.
Rebuilt One World Trade Center nearing completion in July 2013
The United States flag flying at half-staff in New York City on September 11, 2014, the thirteenth anniversary of the attacks.
The Tribute in Light on September 11, 2006, the fifth anniversary of the attacks
Fritz Koenig’s monumental sculpture The Sphere in its final location in Liberty Park

The PATH train system's World Trade Center station was located under the complex.

1909 illustration of flying junction of Uptown Hudson Tubes in Jersey City which connect to Downtown tubes to the south

Downtown Hudson Tubes

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The Downtown Hudson Tubes (formerly the Cortlandt Street Tunnel ) are a pair of tunnels that carry PATH trains under the Hudson River in the United States, between New York City to the east and Jersey City, New Jersey, to the west.

The Downtown Hudson Tubes (formerly the Cortlandt Street Tunnel ) are a pair of tunnels that carry PATH trains under the Hudson River in the United States, between New York City to the east and Jersey City, New Jersey, to the west.

1909 illustration of flying junction of Uptown Hudson Tubes in Jersey City which connect to Downtown tubes to the south

The tunnels run between the World Trade Center station on the New York side and the Exchange Place station on the New Jersey side.

Fulton Center

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Subway and retail complex centered at the intersection of Fulton Street and Broadway in Lower Manhattan, New York City.

Subway and retail complex centered at the intersection of Fulton Street and Broadway in Lower Manhattan, New York City.

The Fulton Center mezzanine in the Fulton Building, pictured on opening day, November 10, 2014
The World Trade Center Transportation Hub, planned for Lower Manhattan in the aftermath of the September 11 attacks, was originally planned to connect with the Fulton Street Transit Center.
Construction site of the Fulton Center Main Building, seen in March 2010
February 2012 construction progress
The 135 William Street entrance for the Fulton Street station opened in August 2011, going to the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line mezzanine.
Maiden Lane subway station entrance at Fulton Street, before renovation. Each entrance went to just one platform at the time, as pictured.
Newly completed passageway in the western half of the IND mezzanine, November 2014
Artwork on the walls of the eastern section the IND transfer mezzanine at the Fulton Center, facing the IND platform
Fare control area
The "Sky Reflector-Net", as seen from the center of the Fulton Building
Corbin Building after renovation
Signs in the Fulton Center (like this one) only show the E, R and W train symbols when pointing toward the Chambers Street/World Trade Center station, as the A, C, 2 and 3 trains serve both station complexes.
The Dey Street Headhouse, located at the southwest corner of Dey Street and Broadway
Construction on the Dey Street entrance
Inside the Dey Street entrance
Temporary transfer passageway from southbound Lexington Avenue Line platform. This was closed from June 2012, but later reopened as the Lexington Avenue Line underpass, connecting the Dey Street Passageway with the Fulton Building

Through the Dey Street Passageway, the complex connects to the World Trade Center, the Westfield World Trade Center mall, PATH station, and observation deck, and provides connections to the Chambers Street–World Trade Center/Park Place/Cortlandt Street and WTC Cortlandt stations, as well as the PATH's World Trade Center station.