World War II

Second World WarwarWWIIthe Second World Warwartimethe warSecond World WarsSecondWorld War 2II
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945.wikipedia
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World War II by country

majority of the world's nationsparticipatedWorld War II,
The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis.
Nearly every country and territory in the world participated in World War II, with the exception of only a few nations which remained neutral.

Allies of World War II

AlliedAlliesAllied forces
The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis.
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).

Strategic bombing during World War II

strategic bombingstrategic bombing campaignAllied bombing
It included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, and the only use of nuclear weapons in war.
Strategic bombing during World War II was the sustained aerial attack on railways, harbours, cities, workers' housing, and industrial districts in enemy territory during World War II.

The Holocaust

HolocaustShoahShoa
It included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, and the only use of nuclear weapons in war.
The Holocaust, also referred to as the Shoah, was a genocide during World War II in which Nazi Germany, aided by its collaborators, systematically murdered some six million European Jews, around two-thirds of the Jewish population of Europe, between 1941 and 1945.

World war

world warsglobal wartwo World Wars
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945.
While a variety of global conflicts have been subjectively deemed "world wars", such as the Cold War and the War on Terror, the term is widely and usually accepted only as it is retrospectively applied to two major international conflicts that occurred during the 20th century: World War I (1914–18) and World War II (1939–45).

Invasion of Poland

invaded PolandPolish Defensive WarGerman invasion of Poland
World War II is generally said to have begun on 1 September 1939, with the invasion of Poland by Germany and subsequent declarations on Germany by France and the United Kingdom.
The Invasion of Poland, known in Poland as the September Campaign (Kampania wrześniowa) or the 1939 Defensive War (Wojna obronna 1939 roku), and in Germany as the Poland Campaign (Polenfeldzug), was an invasion of Poland by Germany that marked the beginning of World War II.

Second Polish Republic

PolandPolishinterwar Poland
World War II is generally said to have begun on 1 September 1939, with the invasion of Poland by Germany and subsequent declarations on Germany by France and the United Kingdom.
The Second Polish Republic, commonly known as interwar Poland, refers to the country of Poland in the period between the First and Second World Wars (1918–1939).

Second Sino-Japanese War

Sino-Japanese WarJapanese invasion of ChinaJapanese invasion
Japan, which aimed to dominate Asia and the Pacific, was at war with China by 1937, though neither side had declared war on the other.
After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941, the war merged with other conflicts of World War II as a major sector known as the China Burma India Theater.

Empire of Japan

JapaneseJapanImperial Japan
Japan, which aimed to dominate Asia and the Pacific, was at war with China by 1937, though neither side had declared war on the other.
Economic and political turmoil in the 1920s led to the rise of militarism, eventually culminating in Japan's membership in the Axis alliance and the conquest of a large part of the Asia-Pacific in World War II.

French Third Republic

FranceThird RepublicFrench
World War II is generally said to have begun on 1 September 1939, with the invasion of Poland by Germany and subsequent declarations on Germany by France and the United Kingdom.
The French Third Republic (La Troisième République, sometimes written as La III e République) was the system of government adopted in France from 1870, when the Second French Empire collapsed during the Franco-Prussian War, until 10 July 1940 after France's defeat by Nazi Germany in World War II led to the formation of the Vichy government in France.

Winter War

Soviet invasion of FinlandSoviet-Finnish WarWinter
Under the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact of August 1939, Germany and the Soviet Union partitioned and annexed territories of their European neighbours, Poland, Finland, Romania and the Baltic states.
It began with a Soviet invasion of Finland on 30 November 1939, three months after the outbreak of World War II, and ended three and a half months later with the Moscow Peace Treaty on 13 March 1940.

East African Campaign (World War II)

East African CampaignEast AfricaEast Africa Campaign
Following the onset of campaigns in North Africa and East Africa, and the fall of France in mid 1940, the war continued primarily between the European Axis powers and the British Empire.
The East African Campaign (also known as the Abyssinian Campaign) was fought in East Africa during World War II by Allied forces, mainly from the British Empire, against Axis forces, primarily from Italy of Italian East Africa (Africa Orientale Italiana or AOI), between June 1940 and November 1941.

Battle of France

fall of FranceFranceinvasion of France
Following the onset of campaigns in North Africa and East Africa, and the fall of France in mid 1940, the war continued primarily between the European Axis powers and the British Empire.
The Battle of France, also known as the Fall of France, was the German invasion of France and the Low Countries during the Second World War.

Nuclear weapon

atomic bombnuclear weaponsnuclear
It included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, and the only use of nuclear weapons in war.
Nuclear weapons have been used twice in war, both times by the United States against Japan near the end of World War II.

Battle of Britain

Britainair battle with GermanyBattle of Britain Day
War in the Balkans, the aerial Battle of Britain, the Blitz, and the long Battle of the Atlantic followed.
The Battle of Britain (Luftschlacht um England, literally "The Air Battle for England") was a military campaign of the Second World War, in which the Royal Air Force (RAF) defended the United Kingdom (UK) against large-scale attacks by Nazi Germany's air force, the Luftwaffe.

The Blitz

BlitzLondon Blitzbombing
War in the Balkans, the aerial Battle of Britain, the Blitz, and the long Battle of the Atlantic followed.
The Blitz was a German bombing campaign against Britain in 1940 and 1941, during the Second World War.

Eastern Front (World War II)

Eastern FrontGreat Patriotic WarWorld War II
This Eastern Front trapped the Axis, most crucially the German Wehrmacht, into a war of attrition.
The Eastern Front of World War II was a theatre of conflict between the European Axis powers and co-belligerent Finland against the Soviet Union (U.S.S.R.), Poland and other Allies, which encompassed Central Europe, Eastern Europe, Northeast Europe (Baltics), and Southeast Europe (Balkans) from 22 June 1941 to 9 May 1945.

Battle of the Atlantic

AtlanticAtlantic convoysAtlantic campaign
War in the Balkans, the aerial Battle of Britain, the Blitz, and the long Battle of the Atlantic followed.
The Battle of the Atlantic was the longest continuous military campaign in World War II, running from 1939 to the defeat of Germany in 1945, and was a major part of the Naval history of World War II.

Balkans Campaign (World War II)

Balkans CampaignBalkan CampaignBalkans
War in the Balkans, the aerial Battle of Britain, the Blitz, and the long Battle of the Atlantic followed.
The Balkans Campaign of World War II began with the Italian invasion of Greece on 28 October 1940.

Operation Barbarossa

German invasion of the Soviet Unioninvasion of the Soviet UnionGerman invasion
On 22 June 1941, the European Axis powers launched an invasion of the Soviet Union, opening the largest land theatre of war in history.
Operation Barbarossa (German: Unternehmen Barbarossa) was the code name for the Axis invasion of the Soviet Union, which started on Sunday, 22 June 1941, during World War II.

Western Desert Campaign

Western DesertNorth AfricaLibya
Following the onset of campaigns in North Africa and East Africa, and the fall of France in mid 1940, the war continued primarily between the European Axis powers and the British Empire.
The Western Desert Campaign (Desert War), took place in the deserts of Egypt and Libya and was the main theatre in the North African Campaign during the Second World War.

Battle of Stalingrad

Stalingraddefeat at Stalingradat Stalingrad
The Axis advance in the Pacific halted in 1942 when Japan lost the critical Battle of Midway; later, Germany and Italy were defeated in North Africa and then, decisively, at Stalingrad in the Soviet Union.
The Battle of Stalingrad (23 August 1942 – 2 February 1943) was the largest confrontation of World War II, in which Germany and its allies fought the Soviet Union for control of the city of Stalingrad (now Volgograd) in Southern Russia.

Second Battle of El Alamein

Battle of El AlameinEl AlameinSecond Battles of El Alamein
The Axis advance in the Pacific halted in 1942 when Japan lost the critical Battle of Midway; later, Germany and Italy were defeated in North Africa and then, decisively, at Stalingrad in the Soviet Union.
The Second Battle of El Alamein (23 October – 11 November 1942) was a battle of the Second World War that took place near the Egyptian railway halt of El Alamein.

Allied invasion of Sicily

Sicilyinvasion of SicilyOperation Husky
Key setbacks in 1943, which included a series of German defeats on the Eastern Front, the Allied invasions of Sicily and Italy, and Allied victories in the Pacific, cost the Axis its initiative and forced it into strategic retreat on all fronts.
The Allied invasion of Sicily, codenamed Operation Husky, was a major campaign of World War II, in which the Allies took the island of Sicily from the Axis powers ( the Kingdom of Italy and Nazi Germany).

Battle of Midway

Midwayattack on Midway IslandMidway operation
The Axis advance in the Pacific halted in 1942 when Japan lost the critical Battle of Midway; later, Germany and Italy were defeated in North Africa and then, decisively, at Stalingrad in the Soviet Union.
The Battle of Midway was a decisive naval battle in the Pacific Theater of World War II that took place between 4 and 7 June 1942, only six months after Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor and one month after the Battle of the Coral Sea.