World War I casualties

casualtiesFirst World Warthe biggest casualty rate in World War I15 million people17 million dead and 20 million woundedcasualties during World War Ideaddeaths as a direct result of the wardied during the entire wardied in World War I
The total number of military and civilian casualties in World War I were about 40 million: estimates range from 15 to 19 million deaths and about 23 million wounded military personnel, ranking it among the deadliest conflicts in human history.wikipedia
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World War I

First World WarGreat WarFirst
The total number of military and civilian casualties in World War I were about 40 million: estimates range from 15 to 19 million deaths and about 23 million wounded military personnel, ranking it among the deadliest conflicts in human history.
It is also one of the deadliest conflicts in history, with an estimated nine million combatants and seven million civilian deaths as a direct result of the war, while resulting genocides and the 1918 influenza pandemic caused another 50 to 100 million deaths worldwide.

Chinese Labour Corps

ChineseChinese Labor Corps in Francelabor battalions
More recently the research of the Commonwealth War Graves Commission (CWGC) has revised the military casualty statistics of the UK and its allies; they include in their listing of military war dead personnel outside of combat theaters and civilians recruited from Africa, the Middle East and China who provided logistical and service support in combat theaters.
In 1916, Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig requested that 21,000 labourers be recruited to fill the manpower shortage caused by casualties during World War I.

List of wars and anthropogenic disasters by death toll

death tollList of accidents by death toll, category "otherbloodiest massacres in human history
The total number of military and civilian casualties in World War I were about 40 million: estimates range from 15 to 19 million deaths and about 23 million wounded military personnel, ranking it among the deadliest conflicts in human history.

Gëlle Fra

Gëlle Fra memorial
According to the French encyclopedia Quid 30–40,000 foreign volunteers from about 40 nationalities served in the French army, including 12,000 with the Czechoslovak Legion and the ethnic Polish Blue Army; 5,000 Italians served in a "Legion" commanded by Colonel Garibaldi. There were also 1,000 Spaniards and 1,500 Swiss in French service, 200 American volunteers served with the French from 1914 to 1916, including the Lafayette Escadrille. Luxembourg was occupied by Germany during the war. According to the Mobile Reference travel Guide 3,700 Luxembourg citizens served in the French armed forces, 2,800 gave their lives in the war. They are commemorated at the Gëlle Fra in Luxembourg. The French Armenian Legion served as part of the French armed forces during the war. French colonies, such as Algeria and Vietnam, also sent troops to fight and serve on the battlefront. American military historian Douglas Porch reported of the French Foreign Legion, in which most non-French nationals served, that some estimates put Legion casualties during the war as high as 31,000 of the 44,150 men who served in the Legion, a 70 per cent casualty rate.
As Luxembourg's pre-war population was only 266,000, this death toll amounted to more than 1% of the entire national population, which is a relatively greater percentage than many combatant nations (see: World War I casualties).

German occupation of Luxembourg during World War I

German occupationoccupied by Germanyoccupied Luxembourg
* Luxembourg remained under German occupation during the war.
As Luxembourg's pre-war population was only 266,000, the loss of life solely in the service of the French army amounted to almost 1 percent of the entire Luxembourgish population, relatively greater than the totals for many combatant countries (see: World War I casualties).

World War II casualties

60 million people70 million peopleCasualties
World War II casualties
World War I casualties

Military

armed forcesdefensedefence
The total number of military and civilian casualties in World War I were about 40 million: estimates range from 15 to 19 million deaths and about 23 million wounded military personnel, ranking it among the deadliest conflicts in human history.

Civilian casualties

civiliansCiviliancivilian deaths
The total number of military and civilian casualties in World War I were about 40 million: estimates range from 15 to 19 million deaths and about 23 million wounded military personnel, ranking it among the deadliest conflicts in human history.

Military personnel

military manpersonnelservice personnel
The total number of deaths includes from 9 to 11 million military personnel.

Civilian

civilianscivilcivilian population
The civilian death toll was about 8 million, including about 6 million due to war-related famine and disease.

Triple Entente

EntenteEntente PowersAllies
The Triple Entente (also known as the Allies) lost about 6 million military personnel while the Central Powers lost about 4 million.

Allies of World War I

AlliesAlliedAllied Powers
The Triple Entente (also known as the Allies) lost about 6 million military personnel while the Central Powers lost about 4 million.

Central Powers

CentralCentral Powerenemy
The Triple Entente (also known as the Allies) lost about 6 million military personnel while the Central Powers lost about 4 million.

Prisoner of war

prisoners of warPOWPOWs
Nevertheless, disease, including the 1918 flu pandemic and deaths while held as prisoners of war, still caused about one third of total military deaths for all belligerents.

Secondary source

secondary sourcessecondarysecondary literature
These secondary sources published during the 1920s, are the source of the statistics in reference works listing casualties in World War I. This article summarizes the casualty statistics published in the official government reports of the United States and Great Britain as well as France, Italy, Belgium, Germany, Austria and Russia.

Commonwealth War Graves Commission

war gravesCommonwealth war graveswar grave
More recently the research of the Commonwealth War Graves Commission (CWGC) has revised the military casualty statistics of the UK and its allies; they include in their listing of military war dead personnel outside of combat theaters and civilians recruited from Africa, the Middle East and China who provided logistical and service support in combat theaters.

Non-combatant

non-combatantsnoncombatantnoncombatants
First World War civilian deaths are "hazardous to estimate" according to Michael Clodfelter who maintains that "the generally accepted figure of noncombatant deaths is 6.5 million."

U-boat Campaign (World War I)

U-boat campaignunrestricted submarine warfareAtlantic
The war brought about malnutrition and disease caused by the U-boat Campaign and the Blockade of Germany which disrupted trade resulting in food shortages.

Blockade of Germany

British blockadeAllied blockadeAllied naval blockade
The war brought about malnutrition and disease caused by the U-boat Campaign and the Blockade of Germany which disrupted trade resulting in food shortages.

Ottoman Empire

OttomanOttomansTurks
The civilian deaths in the Ottoman Empire include the Armenian Genocide, Assyrian Genocide, and Greek Genocide.

Armenian Genocide

ArmeniangenocideArmenians
The civilian deaths in the Ottoman Empire include the Armenian Genocide, Assyrian Genocide, and Greek Genocide.

Assyrian genocide

AssyrianAssyriansgenocide
The civilian deaths in the Ottoman Empire include the Armenian Genocide, Assyrian Genocide, and Greek Genocide.

Russian Civil War

Civil Warcivil war in Russiapro-czarist Russian North-Western Army
The figures do not include deaths during the Russian Civil War and the Turkish War of Independence.

Turkish War of Independence

War of IndependenceIndependence WarTurkish Independence War
The figures do not include deaths during the Russian Civil War and the Turkish War of Independence.