Worms, Germany

The medieval Cathedral of Worms
Town hall of Worms
St Martin's Church
Map of Worms in 1630: The Jewish ghetto is marked in yellow.
The Gothic Liebfrauenkirche (Church of Our Lady). Wine from the adjacent vineyard gave its name to the (now more generic) Liebfraumilch style.
Worms' twin towns
Ludwig Edinger painted by Lovis Corinth
Johann Nikolaus Götz 1755
Rudi Stephan

City in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, situated on the Upper Rhine about 60 km south-southwest of Frankfurt am Main.

- Worms, Germany

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Rhineland-Palatinate

Western state of Germany.

Western state of Germany.

Minister-president Peter Altmeier at the Rittersturz Conference in 1948
The Peter Altmeier Monument in Koblenz

Other cities are Ludwigshafen am Rhein, Koblenz, Trier, Kaiserslautern and Worms.

The Roman Empire under Hadrian (ruled 117–138 AD), showing a possible location of the Burgundiones Germanic group, inhabiting the region between the Viadua (Oder) and Visula (Vistula) rivers (Poland)

Burgundians

Early Germanic tribe or group of tribes.

Early Germanic tribe or group of tribes.

The Roman Empire under Hadrian (ruled 117–138 AD), showing a possible location of the Burgundiones Germanic group, inhabiting the region between the Viadua (Oder) and Visula (Vistula) rivers (Poland)
Location of the island of Bornholm
The Second Burgundian Kingdom between 443 and 476
Kingdom of the Burgundians in around 500
Burgundy as part of the Frankish Empire between 534 and 843

By 411 a Burgundian group had established themselves on the Rhine, between Franks and Alamanni, holding the cities of Worms, Speyer, and Strasbourg.

Mainz

Capital and largest city of Rhineland-Palatinate , Germany.

Capital and largest city of Rhineland-Palatinate , Germany.

Satellite view of Mainz (south of the Rhine) and Wiesbaden
View north along the Rhine with the old Winterhafen in the lower left and the former port facilities further north
50th Latitude on the Gutenbergplatz
Remains of a Roman town gate from the late 4th century
The Drusus monument or Drususstein (surrounded by the 17th-century citadel) raised by the troops of Nero Claudius Drusus to commemorate him
Remains of the Roman aqueduct of Mogontiacum
Mainz Cathedral, western main tower
St. Stephan Mainz (St. Stephan Church in Mainz) is famous for its Marc Chagall windows
Monument to St. Boniface before Mainz Cathedral
St. Martin's Cathedral in Mainz, by Wenzel Hollar; pen-and-ink drawing 1632
Tombstone of Jeanbon Baron de St. André, Prefect of Napoleonic Mainz
Mainz towards the Rhine (around 1890)
Mainz including expansion zone the Rhine (1898)
Mainz skyline May 2007, from South Railway bridge over the Rhine looking north
Mainz May 2011, Schillerplatz, looking southeast
Market square and cathedral
Schusterstraße
Town Hall by Jacobsen
The Deutschhaus, the House of Parliament of Rhineland-Palatinate
Kaiserstraße ("Emperor Street") with boulevard and Christuskirche
Theodor Heuss Bridge
Interior of the Augustinian Church
Mainz Rad and FSV Mainz 05 flags on the Domplatz
Forum of the Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz
Mewa Arena
Bonifatius center building
View to the Rheinreede, container cranes 2007, laid down in 2010.
Aerial photograph of Mainz

The Jews of Mainz, Speyer and Worms created a supreme council to set standards in Jewish law and education in the 12th century.

Rhine

One of the major European rivers.

One of the major European rivers.

Map of the Rhine (for interactive map click here: )
Lake Toma, seen from the upstream end
The confluence of the Anterior Rhine to the lower left and the Posterior Rhine in the back, forming the Alpine Rhine to the left next to Reichenau
Map of the Alpine Rhine
The Rhine between Sargans (Switzerland, left) and Balzers (Liechtenstein, right) with the Gonzen (1829 m, left), the Girrenspitz (2099 m) in the back, and the Maziferchopf (855 m) to the right
Aerial image of the mouth of the Rhine into Lake Constance
Satellite image. In the center and on the right (i.e. to the east) the larger part of Lake Constance, called the Obersee, is visible, and it includes, in the lower right, the Delta of the Alpine Rhine. The northwesterly "finger" (on the top left) is Lake Überlingen, containing the island of Mainau. Below Lake Überlingen (also in the west) is the smaller Untersee, containing Reichenau Island. The Obersee and Untersee are connected by the four kilometers long Seerhein. On the left the High Rhine can be seen.
Distance markers along the Rhine indicate distances from this bridge in Constance
The 555 km marker, downstream from the Lorelei
The High Rhine
The Rhine Fall at Schaffhausen (Switzerland)
View of the Mainz Basin downstreams of Mainz, from Eltville and Erbach to Bingen
View of the Middle Rhine Valley and Burg Katz, in the background Lorelei
Low water in Düsseldorf
The Lower Rhine at Emmerich
The central and northern parts of the Rhine-Meuse delta
Changing the Meuse estuary in 1904: light blue old course, dark blue today's course
Map showing how the waters of the Rhine and Meuse rivers split into various branches of their combined delta
The Nederrijn at Arnhem
Schematic cross section of the Upper Rhine Graben
Loreley
Castellum Nigrum Pullum, Zwammerdam, The Netherlands, artist impression Stevie Xinas
French forces under Louis XIV cross the Rhine into the Netherlands in 1672
Allied soldiers of the Royal Newfoundland Regiment crossing the Rhine into Germany after the end of WWI, December 1918
Soldiers of the US 89th Infantry Division cross the Rhine in assault boats under German fire as part of Operation Plunder on 24 March 1945
The Rhine at Mannheim, in the Rhine-Neckar industrial area

Worms

Heidelberg

City in the German state of Baden-Württemberg, situated on the river Neckar in south-west Germany.

City in the German state of Baden-Württemberg, situated on the river Neckar in south-west Germany.

The districts of Heidelberg
Heidelberg seen from Königstuhl
The Old Town
Heidelberg on the Neckar at night
Karlsplatz and Neckar with Old Bridge
Heidelberg Castle, here shown in a painting by Carl Blechen, was destroyed by the French during the war of succession of the Electorate of the Palatinate
View of castle from the Corn Market
The siege of Heidelberg 1622
Main street Heidelberg
Old Bridge Gate
Hotel zum Ritter St. Georg
Old Bridge, Konrad Linck, 1788
Memorial stone marking the site of the synagogue in the Lauerstrasse
Population growth
The marketplace, with Town Hall on the right
Heidelberg's old city centre from the castle above
Heidelberg Castle with the Old Bridge in foreground, 2010
View from the castle during winter, 2014
Historic map of Heidelberg Castle
Heidelberg Castle at night
Heidelberg Fortress
Monastery of St. Michael
View from the so-called "Philosophers' Walk"
(Philosophenweg) towards the Old Town, with Heidelberg Castle, Heiliggeist Church and the Old Bridge
From left: Jesuit Church, Providence Church and Church of the Holy Spirit in Heidelberg's Old Town on the Neckar River
The university library
Old university hall
Buildings of European Molecular Biology Laboratory in Heidelberg, including the new Advanced Training Centre
SRH Hochschule Heidelberg is one of the oldest and largest private universities in Germany
Print Media Academy
DB train Heidelberg Hauptbahnhof
Trams in Heidelberg
Behördenzentrum Heidelberg
The New city district of Heidelberg, Bahnstadt, is one of the biggest passive house settlements in the world
Heidelberg with the Old Bridge illuminated
Romantic view of Heidelberg Castle ruins by Karl Philipp Fohr, 1815, Hessisches Landesmuseum Darmstadt
Friedrich Ebert first President of Germany from 1919 until his death in office in 1925
Frederick V; Elector Palatine, King of Bohemia
Actor Michael Fassbender was born in Heidelberg

At the same time, the bishopric of Worms extended its influence into the valley, founding Schönau Abbey in 1142.

First page from Manuscript C (c. undefined 1230)

Nibelungenlied

Epic poem written around 1200 in Middle High German.

Epic poem written around 1200 in Middle High German.

First page from Manuscript C (c. undefined 1230)
The death of Siegfried. Nibelungenlied manuscript-k.
Nibelungenlied Fragment, Berlin, SB, Fragm. 44
Siegfried and Kriemhild
Gunther's wedding night (Johann Heinrich Füssli 1807)
Genealogy
"Siegfried's Departure" (Julius Schnorr von Carolsfeld, c. undefined 1843)
"Siegfried's Death" (Julius Schnorr von Carolsfeld, 1847)
Hagen orders servants to sink the hoard in the Rhine (Peter von Cornelius, 1859)
Kriemhild showing Gunther's head to Hagen (Johann Heinrich Füssli, c. undefined 1805)
Nibelungenturm (Nibelungen tower) on the Nibelungenbrücke in Worms.
Nibelungen fountain in Tulln an der Donau, Austria (Hans Muhr, 2005), depicting the meeting of Etzel and Kriemhild.
"Siegfriedsbrunnen" in Odenheim: one of several purported identifications of the place of Siegfried's murder in the Odenwald as found in Nibelungenlied version C.

The poem is split into two parts: in the first part, Siegfried comes to Worms to acquire the hand of the Burgundian princess Kriemhild from her brother King Gunther.

Ludwigshafen

City in the German state of Rhineland-Palatinate, on the river Rhine, opposite Mannheim.

City in the German state of Rhineland-Palatinate, on the river Rhine, opposite Mannheim.

Rheinschanze c. 1750
Ludwig I of Bavaria
BASF, 1866
View from west over Edigheim and Oppau to the BASF Ludwigshafen
Tramway from the 60's in regular service
Miró mural, known as the Miró-Wand, on the Wilhelm-Hack-Museum.
BASF Ludwigshafen
Südweststadion
Parkinsel
Ernst Bloch Berlin 1954
Kurt Biedenkopf, Leipzig 2006
Wilhelm Hack Museum of Art. "Miró-Wand" mural (1971) by Joan Miró, in collaboration with the Catalan ceramist Joan Gardy Artigas.
Pfalzbau concert hall and theater. In the foreground: "Pfalzsäule" (Palatinate Column, 1968), by the Munich artist Blasius Spreng and the local artist Ernst W. Kunz.
Berliner Platz. In the foreground: "Conversation II" (1999), kinetic sculpture by the American sculptor, George Rickey.
position
Pegeluhr
harbour
Südwestplatz
position
Europaplatz
Landratsamt
Municipal Clinic (Städtisches Klinikum), with the sculpture "Ring des Seyns" (The Ring of Being, 1998) by the Japanese conceptual artist, Kazuo Katase.
position
Detail of the Eberthalle, an exhibition and concert hall dating from 1965.
The Friedrich-Ebert-Halle (Eberthalle for short), general view, built by the Viennese architect, Roland Rainer, in 1965.
Ebertpark
position
catholic church
BASF-Bicycles
1921 Memorial
position
church
water tower
street
position
hospital
kindergarten
church
position
Triport
cemetery chapel
nursing home
position
Wallfahrtskirche
The "Privatbrauerei Gebrüder Mayer" (Meyer Brother's Private Brewery), founded in 1846 and still going strong.
Friedrich Schiller
Position
Wildpark
Wildpark
Catholic church
Location
The centre
castle
Maudacher Bruch
position
Paul Münch
former townhall

It is mentioned in the Wormser wall-building ordinance from around 900 as one of the places that shared responsibility for maintaining the city wall of Worms.

16th-century depiction of Rashi

Rashi

Medieval French rabbi and author of a comprehensive commentary on the Talmud and commentary on the Hebrew Bible (the Tanakh).

Medieval French rabbi and author of a comprehensive commentary on the Talmud and commentary on the Hebrew Bible (the Tanakh).

16th-century depiction of Rashi
Rashi Synagogue, Worms
Exterior of Rashi's Synagogue, Worms, Germany
Monument in memory of Rashi in Troyes, France. Sculptor: Raymond Moretti, 1992.
A modern translation of Rashi's commentary on the Chumash, published by Artscroll
Title page of an English translation of Rashi's Commentary on the Pentateuch.
Raschihaus, Jewish Museum, Worms, Germany.
The complete Hebrew alphabet in Rashi script [right to left].

Another legend also states that Rashi's parents moved to Worms, Germany while Rashi's mother was pregnant.

Rhenish Hesse (dark red), shown within Rhineland-Palatinate (pale red)

Rhenish Hesse

Region and a former government district (Regierungsbezirk) in the German state of Rhineland-Palatinate, made up of those territories west of the Upper Rhine river that from 1816 were part of the Grand Duchy of Hesse and of the People's State of Hesse until 1945.

Region and a former government district (Regierungsbezirk) in the German state of Rhineland-Palatinate, made up of those territories west of the Upper Rhine river that from 1816 were part of the Grand Duchy of Hesse and of the People's State of Hesse until 1945.

Rhenish Hesse (dark red), shown within Rhineland-Palatinate (pale red)
Topography and administrative divisions
Dibbehas, caricature by André Gill
Vineyards Rheinhessen

The region comprises the cities of Mainz – the Rhineland-Palatinate capital – and Worms, surrounded by the administrative districts of Mainz-Bingen and Alzey-Worms.

Joannes Janssonius ca. 1682

Oppenheim

Town in the Mainz-Bingen district of Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.

Town in the Mainz-Bingen district of Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.

Joannes Janssonius ca. 1682
Oppenheim about 1800
Oppenheim Ossuary
Katharinenkirche
Oppenheim Town Hall
Oppenheim town center.
guided Martin Luther on his way to the Diet of Worms
Friedrich Koch, (1786–1865), apothecary, inventor of industrial quinine manufacture.

The town lies on the Upper Rhine in Rhenish Hesse between Mainz and Worms.