Wrocław

BreslauWroclawBreslau (Wrocław)Wrocław, PolandWroclaw, PolandBreslau (as Wrocław was known at that time)Breslau, GermanyWrocław (Breslau)Breslau (as Wrocław was then known)Wroclav
Wrocław (, ; Breslau ; Vratislav; Vratislavia) is a city in western Poland and the largest city in the historical region of Silesia.wikipedia
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Poland

PolishPOLRepublic of Poland
Wrocław (, ; Breslau ; Vratislav; Vratislavia) is a city in western Poland and the largest city in the historical region of Silesia.
Other major cities include Kraków, Łódź, Wrocław, Poznań, Gdańsk, and Szczecin.

Silesia

SchlesienŚląskSilesian
Wrocław (, ; Breslau ; Vratislav; Vratislavia) is a city in western Poland and the largest city in the historical region of Silesia.
Silesia's largest city and historical capital is Wrocław.

Lower Silesia

NiederschlesienLowerDuchies of Lower Silesia
Wrocław is the historical capital of Silesia and Lower Silesia.
Lower Silesia is located mostly in the basin of the middle Oder River with its historic capital in Wrocław.

Centennial Hall

Hala StuleciaHala LudowaWroclaw Centennial Hall
Wrocław also possesses numerous historical landmarks, including the Main Market Square, Cathedral Island and the Centennial Hall, which is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Centennial Hall (Hala Stulecia; Jahrhunderthalle), formerly named Hala Ludowa ("People's Hall"), is a historic building in Wrocław, Poland.

Lower Silesian Voivodeship

Lower SilesiaLower SilesianDolnośląskie
Today, it is the capital of the Lower Silesian Voivodeship.
Its capital and largest city is Wrocław, situated on the Odra River.

World Team Olympiad

World Olympiad Teams ChampionshipWorld Open Team OlympiadWorld Bridge Olympiad
Also in that year, Wrocław hosted the Theatre Olympics, World Bridge Games and the European Film Awards.
In 2016, the events were run separately, as the World Bridge Games, in Wrocław, Poland.

List of people from Wrocław

List of notable people from WrocławVratislavians
People born or resident in the city are known as "Vratislavians" (wrocławianie).
This list includes people who were born in or lived in Wrocław after 1945.

Přemyslid dynasty

PřemyslidPřemyslidsPremyslid dynasty
Traditionally, the city is believed to be named after Duke Vratislav I of Bohemia from the Czech Přemyslid dynasty, who ruled the region between 915 and 921.
In the following century, the Přemyslids also ruled over Silesia and founded the city of Wroclaw (German: Breslau), derived from the name of a Bohemian duke, Vratislaus I, father of Saint Wenceslaus.

Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Wrocław

Diocese of WrocławWrocławBishop of Wrocław
The oldest surviving document containing the recorded name of the city is the chronicle of Thietmar of Merseburg form the early 11th century, which records the city's name as "Wrotizlava", and cites it as a seat of a new bishopric at the Congress of Gniezno. One of the most important events during this period was the foundation of the Diocese of Wrocław by the Polish Duke and from 1025, King Bolesław the Brave in 1000.
The Archdiocese of Wrocław (Archidiecezja wrocławska; Erzbistum Breslau; Arcidiecéze vratislavská; Archidioecesis Vratislaviensis) is a Latin Rite archdiocese of the Catholic Church named after its capital Wrocław in Poland.

Ostrów Tumski, Wrocław

Ostrów TumskiCathedral Islandcentral island
Wrocław also possesses numerous historical landmarks, including the Main Market Square, Cathedral Island and the Centennial Hall, which is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Ślężans, a West Slavic tribe, settled on the Oder river and erected a gord on Ostrów Tumski.
Ostrów Tumski ("Cathedral Island", Dominsel) is the oldest part of the city of Wrocław in south-western Poland.

Battle of Hundsfeld

Psie PoleBattle of Psie Pole
In 1109 during the Polish-German war, Prince Bolesław III Wrymouth defeated the King of Germany Henry V at the Battle of Hundsfeld, stopping the German advance into Poland.
The Battle of Hundsfeld or Battle of Psie Pole was allegedly fought on 24 August 1109 near the Silesian capital Wrocław between the Holy Roman Empire in aid of the claims of the exiled Piast duke Zbigniew against his ruling half-brother, Bolesław III Wrymouth of Poland.

Bolesław I the Brave

Bolesław I ChrobryBolesław IBoleslaw I of Poland
One of the most important events during this period was the foundation of the Diocese of Wrocław by the Polish Duke and from 1025, King Bolesław the Brave in 1000.
Following the Congress of Gniezno, bishoprics were also established in Kraków, Wrocław, and Kołobrzeg, and Bolesław formally repudiated paying tribute to the Holy Roman Empire.

Henry II the Pious

Henry IIHenry II, High Duke of PolandDuke Henry II the Pious
During the battles with the Mongols Wrocław Castle was successfully defended by Henry II the Pious.
Henry II the Pious (Henryk II Pobożny) (1196 – 9 April 1241), of the Silesian line of the Piast dynasty, was Duke of Silesia at Wrocław and Duke of Kraków and thus High Duke of all Poland as well as Duke of Southern Greater Poland from 1238 until his death.

Silesians (tribe)

ŚlężanieSilesiansSleenzane
The Ślężans, a West Slavic tribe, settled on the Oder river and erected a gord on Ostrów Tumski.
Silesians (Ślężanie) were a tribe of West Slavs, specifically of the Lechitic/Polish group, inhabiting territories of Lower Silesia, near Ślęża mountain and Ślęza river, on the both banks of the Oder, up to the area of modern city of Wrocław.

Henry VI the Good

Heinrich VI of BreslauHenryHenry IX ''the Good
Wrocław, which for 350 years had been mostly under Polish hegemony, fell in 1335, after the death of Henry VI the Good, to the Kingdom of Bohemia, then a part of the Holy Roman Empire.
Henry VI the Good (also known as of Wrocław) (Henryk VI Dobry or Wrocławski) (18 March 1294 – 24 November 1335) was a Duke of Wrocław since 1296 (with his brothers as co-rulers until 1311).

Piotr Włostowic

Peter WlastPiotr DuninPiotr Wlostowic
By 1139, a settlement belonging to Governor Piotr Włostowic (also known as Piotr Włast Dunin) was built, and another on the left bank of the River Oder, near the present site of the University.
undefined 1080 – 1153), also known as Peter Wlast or Włost) was a Polish noble, castellan of Wrocław, and a ruler (możnowładca) of part of Silesia.

Henryk IV Probus

Henry IV ProbusHenry IVHenry IV of Silesia
In 1274 prince Henryk IV Probus gave the city its staple right.
He was Duke of Silesia at Wrocław from 1266, and from also 1288 High Duke of the Polish Seniorate Province of Kraków until his death in 1290.

Kraków

KrakowCracowKraków, Poland
The medieval chronicle, Gesta principum Polonorum (1112–1116) by Gallus Anonymus, named Wrocław, along with Kraków and Sandomierz, as one of three capitals of the Polish Kingdom.
It was rebuilt practically identical, based on new location act and incorporated in 1257 by the high duke Bolesław V the Chaste who following the example of Wrocław, introduced city rights modelled on the Magdeburg law allowing for tax benefits and new trade privileges for the citizens.

Bolesław III Wrymouth

Boleslaus IIIBolesław IIIBoleslaw III of Poland
In 1109 during the Polish-German war, Prince Bolesław III Wrymouth defeated the King of Germany Henry V at the Battle of Hundsfeld, stopping the German advance into Poland.
Władysław also retained control of the most important cities i.e. Wrocław, Kraków and Sandomierz.

Wyspa Piasek

The city became a commercial centre and expanded to Wyspa Piasek (Sand Island), and then onto the left bank of the River Oder.
Wyspa Piasek (English: Sand Island) in Wrocław, one of several islands in the Odra river within old town and Śródmiejski Węzeł Wodny (Downtown Water Junction).

Matthias Corvinus

Matthias Corvinus of HungaryKing MatthiasMatthias I
Between 1469 and 1490 it was part of the Kingdom of Hungary and king Matthias Corvinus was said to have had a mistress there who bore him a son.
Having routed the united troops of Casimir IV and Vladislaus at Breslau in Silesia (now Wrocław in Poland) in late 1474, Matthias turned against the Ottomans, who had devastated the eastern parts of Hungary.

Sandomierz

SandomirDuke of SandomierzSandomierski
The medieval chronicle, Gesta principum Polonorum (1112–1116) by Gallus Anonymus, named Wrocław, along with Kraków and Sandomierz, as one of three capitals of the Polish Kingdom.
The first known historical mention of the city comes from the early 12th-century, when the chronicler Gallus Anonymus ranked it together with Kraków and Wrocław as one of the main cities of Poland.

Treaty of Breslau

Peace of BreslauBreslauannexation
Habsburg empress Maria Theresa ceded the territory in the Treaty of Breslau in 1742.
The Treaty of Breslau was a preliminary peace agreement signed on 11 June 1742 following long negotiations at the Silesian capital Wrocław (Breslau) by emissaries of Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria and King Frederick II of Prussia ending the First Silesian War.

Łęczyca

LeczycaLenczycaLunshitz
Also, the Tabula Rogeriana a book written by the Arab geographer Muhammad al-Idrisi in 1154, describes Wrocław as one of the Polish cities, alongside Kraków, Gniezno, Sieradz, Łęczyca and Santok.
In the early 12th century, Gallus Anonymus called Łęczyca “Lucic”, and in 1154, Arab geographer Muhammad al-Idrisi named it Nugrada, placing it among other main towns of the Kingdom of Poland, such as Kraków, Sieradz, Gniezno, Wrocław and Santok.

Wrocław University of Science and Technology

Wrocław University of TechnologyWroclaw University of TechnologyTechnische Hochschule Breslau
Important landmarks were inaugurated in 1910, the Kaiser bridge and the Technical University, which now houses the Wrocław University of Technology.
Wrocław University of Science and Technology (Politechnika Wrocławska, founded as Technische Hochschule Breslau) is a technological university in Wrocław Poland.