XFL (2001)

XFL20012001 XFL2001 XFL seasonan incident with the XFL in 2001footballleague of the same name that played one season in 2001original XFLprevious XFLThe XFL
The XFL was a professional American football league that played its only season in 2001.wikipedia
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WWE

World Wrestling FederationWorld Wrestling EntertainmentWWF
The XFL was operated as a joint venture between the World Wrestling Federation (now the WWE) and NBC.
WWE has also branched out into other fields, including movies, football, and various other business ventures.

XFL (2020)

XFL20202020 XFL
McMahon maintained control of the XFL brand after the league ceased operations: on January 25, 2018, McMahon announced that he would revive the XFL name for a new iteration of the league, set to begin play in 2020.
It is the successor to the previous XFL, which was controlled by the World Wrestling Federation (WWF, now WWE) and NBC, and ran for a single season in 2001.

Los Angeles Xtreme

Xtreme
The Los Angeles Xtreme were the XFL's first and only champions. The XFL chose unusual names for its teams, most of which either referenced images of uncontrolled insanity (Maniax, Rage, Xtreme, Demons) or criminal activity (Enforcers, Hitmen, Outlaws, and the Birmingham Blast).
The team was a member of the XFL, begun by Vince McMahon of World Wrestling Entertainment and by NBC, a major television network in the United States.

Las Vegas Outlaws (XFL)

Las Vegas OutlawsLas VegasLas Vegas ''Outlaws'' (XFL)
The XFL chose unusual names for its teams, most of which either referenced images of uncontrolled insanity (Maniax, Rage, Xtreme, Demons) or criminal activity (Enforcers, Hitmen, Outlaws, and the Birmingham Blast).
The Las Vegas Outlaws were an American football team in the XFL.

San Francisco Demons

Demons
The XFL chose unusual names for its teams, most of which either referenced images of uncontrolled insanity (Maniax, Rage, Xtreme, Demons) or criminal activity (Enforcers, Hitmen, Outlaws, and the Birmingham Blast).
This team was part of the failed XFL begun by Vince McMahon of World Wrestling Entertainment and by NBC, a major television network in the United States.

Birmingham Thunderbolts

BirminghamBirmingham BlastBirmingham Bolts
The XFL chose unusual names for its teams, most of which either referenced images of uncontrolled insanity (Maniax, Rage, Xtreme, Demons) or criminal activity (Enforcers, Hitmen, Outlaws, and the Birmingham Blast).
This team was part of the failed XFL begun by Vince McMahon of World Wrestling Entertainment and by NBC, a major television network in the United States.

Chicago Enforcers

Enforcers
The XFL chose unusual names for its teams, most of which either referenced images of uncontrolled insanity (Maniax, Rage, Xtreme, Demons) or criminal activity (Enforcers, Hitmen, Outlaws, and the Birmingham Blast).
This team was part of the failed XFL begun by Vince McMahon of WWE and by NBC, a major television network in the United States.

Orlando Rage

RageCentral Floridaoriginal XFL's most successful markets
The XFL chose unusual names for its teams, most of which either referenced images of uncontrolled insanity (Maniax, Rage, Xtreme, Demons) or criminal activity (Enforcers, Hitmen, Outlaws, and the Birmingham Blast).
The Orlando Rage was an American football team based in Orlando, Florida as part of the XFL, begun by Vince McMahon of the World Wrestling Federation and by NBC, a major television network in the United States.

Professional sports league organization

franchiseprofessionafranchisefranchises
The XFL operated as a single entity with all teams owned by the league, in contrast to most major professional leagues, which use a franchise model with individual owners.
A more rarely seen business model in North America is the pure single-entity league, typified by the now-defunct XFL, where there are no individual owners or investors, with all teams centrally owned and operated by the league.

Vince McMahon

Mr. McMahonVinceVincent K. McMahon
While WWF owner Vince McMahon initially stated that the XFL would continue without NBC, and proposed the addition of expansion teams, unfavorable demands to the league by UPN hastened the XFL's demise, and the league ceased operations entirely in May 2001 a month after the championship game.
In 2000, McMahon again ventured outside the world of professional wrestling by launching the XFL, a professional American football league.

Tommy Maddox

Injuries were a major problem across the league: only three of the league's eight Opening Day starting quarterbacks —Los Angeles's Tommy Maddox, San Francisco's Mike Pawlawski and Memphis's Jim Druckenmiller—were still starters by the end of the season.
Thomas Alfred Maddox (born September 2, 1971) is a former football quarterback in the National Football League (NFL), the XFL, and the Arena Football League.

New York/New Jersey Hitmen

HitmenNY/NJ HitmenNew York/New Jersey
The XFL chose unusual names for its teams, most of which either referenced images of uncontrolled insanity (Maniax, Rage, Xtreme, Demons) or criminal activity (Enforcers, Hitmen, Outlaws, and the Birmingham Blast).
The Hitmen were the members of the Eastern Division of the XFL.

Jeff Brohm

In the East, New York and Chicago both were hampered by slow starts and ineffective starters before making personnel changes that improved their play, while Orlando, under quarterback Jeff Brohm, who owned the league's highest QB rating at 99.9 during the 2001 XFL season, soared to first place, winning its first six games before Brohm suffered a career-ending injury and the team regressed (the team went 2–2 in his absence).
Brohm played college football at the University of Louisville for coach Howard Schnellenberger from 1989 to 1993 and played in the National Football League (NFL) for seven seasons from 1994 to 2000 and the XFL in 2001.

Million Dollar Game

XFL championXFL Championship2001
Los Angeles and San Francisco each won their playoff games to advance to the XFL championship.
The Million Dollar Game was the XFL's championship game at the end of its only season in 2001.

Memphis Maniax

ManiaxMemphis
The XFL chose unusual names for its teams, most of which either referenced images of uncontrolled insanity (Maniax, Rage, Xtreme, Demons) or criminal activity (Enforcers, Hitmen, Outlaws, and the Birmingham Blast).
The team was part of the XFL begun by Vince McMahon of World Wrestling Entertainment and by NBC, a major television network in the United States.

Skycam

Cablecamoverheadcable camera
The league developed a negative reputation due to its connections to professional wrestling and the WWF, the overall quality of play, and a presentation that differed starkly from network football telecasts of the era (albeit featuring on-air innovations that would later become commonplace in football telecasts, such as aerial skycams and on-player microphones).
The XFL was one of the first leagues to make extensive use of the Skycam as a primary camera angle for broadcasts when it debuted in winter 2001.

AF2

arenafootball2Arena Football 2Arena Football League 2
The other Xtreme Football League, which was also organized in 1999, merged with the Arena Football League's minor league AF2 before ever playing a single game.
Founded in Birmingham, Alabama, with the intent to begin play in 2000, this XFL (which was not related to the WWE-backed outdoor league) used East Coast Hockey League ownership to keep team costs low while providing established ownership and arenas for play.

Paramount Network

Spike TVSpikeTNN
Co-owner NBC served as the main carrier of XFL games, along with UPN and TNN.
The National Network was also one of three networks to air games of the ill-fated XFL (along with NBC and UPN).

Jesse Ventura

Jesse "The Body" VenturaGovernor Jesse VenturaJames Janos
The presentation of XFL games featured sports entertainment elements inspired by professional wrestling, including heat and kayfabe, suggestively-dressed cheerleaders, and occasional usage of WWF personalities (such as Jesse Ventura, Jim Ross, and Jerry Lawler) as part of on-air commentary crews alongside sportscasters and veteran football players.
Ventura would continue his relationship with the WWF by performing commentary for Vince McMahon's short-lived XFL.

Mike Pawlawski

Pawlawski, Mike
Injuries were a major problem across the league: only three of the league's eight Opening Day starting quarterbacks —Los Angeles's Tommy Maddox, San Francisco's Mike Pawlawski and Memphis's Jim Druckenmiller—were still starters by the end of the season.
Mike Pawlawski (born July 18, 1969) is a former professional football player, a quarterback in the National Football League, Arena Football League, and XFL.

Jerry Lawler

Jerry "The King" LawlerJerryJerry 'The King' Lawler
The presentation of XFL games featured sports entertainment elements inspired by professional wrestling, including heat and kayfabe, suggestively-dressed cheerleaders, and occasional usage of WWF personalities (such as Jesse Ventura, Jim Ross, and Jerry Lawler) as part of on-air commentary crews alongside sportscasters and veteran football players.
With the creation of the XFL in 2001, Lawler was given the job as an announcer for the new football league.

Oracle Park

AT&T ParkSan Francisco Giants Wall of FamePacific Bell Park
Most of the league's stadiums were football-specific facilities, the only exception being San Francisco's Pacific Bell Park (home of the San Francisco Giants) which was built primarily for baseball, but (unlike many newer baseball-specific stadiums) can accommodate football.
Professionally, it was the home of the San Francisco Demons of the XFL and the California Redwoods of the United Football League.

Jim Druckenmiller

Injuries were a major problem across the league: only three of the league's eight Opening Day starting quarterbacks —Los Angeles's Tommy Maddox, San Francisco's Mike Pawlawski and Memphis's Jim Druckenmiller—were still starters by the end of the season.
In his career, Druckenmiller played for the San Francisco 49ers, Miami Dolphins, and Indianapolis Colts of the National Football League, as well as the Memphis Maniax of the XFL and the Los Angeles Avengers of the Arena Football League.

Jim Ross

James RossJR
The presentation of XFL games featured sports entertainment elements inspired by professional wrestling, including heat and kayfabe, suggestively-dressed cheerleaders, and occasional usage of WWF personalities (such as Jesse Ventura, Jim Ross, and Jerry Lawler) as part of on-air commentary crews alongside sportscasters and veteran football players.
During this time, Ross was commissioned to announce regional telecasts of the XFL, a professional football league co-owned by WWF.

Galen Hall

Hall was previously the offensive coordinator at the University of Oklahoma and the University of Florida, and the head coach of the University of Florida, the Orlando Thunder, the Rhein Fire, and the XFL's Orlando Rage.