XVII Corps (Union Army)

XVII Corps badge
Francis Blair Jr. (center), shown with his staff, led the Union XVII Corps in the Atlanta campaign.

Corps of the Union Army during the American Civil War.

- XVII Corps (Union Army)

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XIII Corps (Union Army)

Corps of the Union Army during the American Civil War.

The XVIII Airborne Corps command group returns home from Operation Iraqi Freedom in 2009

In December 1862 it was officially divided into the XIII Corps, XV Corps, XVI Corps and XVII Corps.

Battle of Atlanta

Battle of the Atlanta Campaign fought during the American Civil War on July 22, 1864, just southeast of Atlanta, Georgia.

Battle of Atlanta, by Kurz and Allison (1888)
Palisades and chevaux de frise in front of the Potter (or Pondor) House, Atlanta, Georgia, 1864
ATLANTA CAMPAIGN: Atlanta and Vicinity (Summer 1864).
A sketch of the Battle of Atlanta, July 22, 1864.
Confederate sappers constructed a number of artillery emplacements covering the avenues of approach to Atlanta. The artillery in this fortification overlooks Peachtree Street.
Ruins of Atlanta Union Depot after burning by Sherman's troops, 1864
Georgia Historical Marker for the surrender of Atlanta
The Potter (or Ponder) House in Atlanta housed Confederate sharpshooters until Union artillery made a special target of it
Map of Atlanta Battlefield core and study areas by the American Battlefield Protection Program

Within Sherman's army, the XV Corps was commanded by Maj. Gen. John A. Logan, the XVI Corps was commanded by Maj. Gen. Grenville M. Dodge, and Maj. Gen. Frank P. Blair Jr. commanded the XVII Corps.

James B. McPherson

Career United States Army officer who served as a general in the Union Army during the American Civil War.

McPherson,, by Barr & Young
McPherson's house in Clyde
c. 1893 photo by Mathew Brady
Lithograph of McPherson
Sculpture in McPherson, Kansas
Memorialized on the 1891 $2 Treasury Note, and one of 53 people depicted on United States banknotes

On October 8 he was promoted to major general, and was soon after given command of the XVII Corps in Grant's Army of the Tennessee.

John A. Logan

American soldier and politician.

Blaine/Logan campaign poster
Logan with his wife Mary Simmerson Cunningham Logan, son Manning Alexander Logan and daughter Mary Elizabeth "Dollie" Logan in about 1870
John A. Logan's funeral at Hutchinson's vault

In Grant's Vicksburg Campaign, Logan commanded the 3rd Division of James B. McPherson's XVII Corps, which was the first to enter the city of Vicksburg in July 1863 after its capture.

Siege of Vicksburg

The final major military action in the Vicksburg campaign of the American Civil War.

The Siege of Vicksburg by Kurz and Allison
May 19 assaults on Vicksburg
Statue of General Grant at Vicksburg National Military Park
May 22 assaults on Vicksburg
Siege of Vicksburg. Corps and division commanders are shown for the period June 23 – July 4.
Heavy artillery pieces that were used by the Union in order to force the besieged city and its defenders into surrender
"Whistling Dick" was the name given to this Confederate 18-pounder because of the peculiar noise made by its projectiles. It was part of the defensive batteries facing the Mississippi River at Vicksburg. On May 28, 1863, its fire sank USS Cincinnati.
Fighting at the crater at the Third Louisiana Redan
Shirley's House, also known as the White House, during the siege of Vicksburg, 1863. Union troops of Logan's division set about as engineers and sappers to undermine Confederate fortifications but they had to stay under cover for fear of Confederate sharpshooters.
Troops of John A. Logan's division enter Vicksburg on July 4
<center>Maj. Gen.
<center>Lt. Gen.

XVII Corps, under Maj. Gen. James B. McPherson.

Army of the Tennessee

Union army in the Western Theater of the American Civil War, named for the Tennessee River.

The Siege of Vicksburg
Brigadier General Grant and staff, Cairo, October 1861
Battle of Fort Henry and the movements to Fort Donelson.
Shiloh: Crucible of the Army of the Tennessee
General Henry Wager Halleck
Grant's Operations against Vicksburg
Grant discussing the terms of the capitulation of Vicksburg with defeated Confederate General Pemberton
Major General Sherman, second commander of the Army of the Tennessee
Major General McPherson, third commander of the Army of the Tennessee
Sherman's March to the Sea
Sherman's Carolinas Campaign
General Sherman at war's end with Generals Howard, Logan, Hazen, Davis, Slocum, and Mower; Howard and Logan were the last two commanders of the Army of the Tennessee

By an order dated December 18, but not fully implemented until somewhat later, Grant's Army of the Tennessee was organized into four corps—the XIII under John McClernand, the XV under W.T. Sherman, the XVI under Stephen A. Hurlbut, and the XVII under Maj. Gen. James B. McPherson.

Battle of Missionary Ridge

Fought on November 25, 1863, as part of the Chattanooga Campaign of the American Civil War.

Battle of Missionary Ridge, Nov. 25th, 1863, by Kurz and Allison
Place where Gen. Sherman's force crossed the Tennessee
Opposing commanders: Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, USA and Gen. Braxton Bragg, CSA
Battles of Chattanooga, November 24&ndash;25, 1863
Battle of Chattanooga&mdash;Gen. Thomas' charge near Orchard Knob, November 24, 1863, 1888 lithograph by Kurz and Allison
Battle of Chattanooga by Thure de Thulstrup. Ulysses S. Grant uses a field glass to follow the Union assault on Missionary Ridge. Grant is joined by Generals Gordon Granger (left) and George H. Thomas.
<center>Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman, Army of the Tennessee</center>
<center>Maj. Gen. George H. Thomas, Army of the Cumberland</center>
<center>Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker, Detachment from Army of the Potomac</center>
<center>Lt. Gen. William J. Hardee, Hardee's Corps</center>
<center>Maj. Gen. John C. Breckinridge, Breckinridge's Corps</center>

The Army of the Tennessee, commanded by Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman, consisting of the XV Corps under Maj. Gen. Francis Preston Blair Jr., and the 2nd Division of the XVII Corps under Brig. Gen. John E. Smith.

Vicksburg campaign

Series of maneuvers and battles in the Western Theater of the American Civil War directed against Vicksburg, Mississippi, a fortress city that dominated the last Confederate-controlled section of the Mississippi River.

Lithograph of the Mississippi River Squadron running the Confederate blockade at Vicksburg on April 16, 1863
Operations against Vicksburg and Grant's bayou operations
View of Vicksburg vicinity and fortifications, 1863
Porter's flotilla arrives; General Sherman is going in a yawl to the flagship, USS Benton (1861).
Grant's operations against Vicksburg
Siege of Vicksburg. Corps and division commanders are shown for the period June 23 – July 4.
The monument to U.S. Grant at the national military park in Vicksburg, MS, unveiled in 1919
<center>Maj. Gen.
<center>Lt. Gen.

The army was composed of five corps: the XIII Corps, under Maj. Gen. John A. McClernand; the XV Corps, under Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman; the XVII Corps, under Maj. Gen. James B. McPherson; a three-division detachment of the XVI Corps, under Maj. Gen. Cadwallader C. Washburn; and a detachment from the District of Northeast Louisiana, under Brig. Gen. Elias S. Dennis.

Battle of Raymond

Fought on May 12, 1863, near Raymond, Mississippi, during the Vicksburg campaign of the American Civil War.

Three sketches of the battle by Theodore R. Davis
Grant's Operations against Vicksburg.
General James B. McPherson
Map of Raymond Battlefield core and study areas by the American Battlefield Protection Program.
Photograph of cannons at the Raymond battlefield by Carol Highsmith
Battle of Raymond historic site on the Natchez Trace Parkway near Raymond, Mississippi.

A portion of Grant's army consisting of Major General James B. McPherson's 10,000 to 12,000-man XVII Corps moved northeast towards Raymond.

Francis Preston Blair Jr.

United States Senator, a United States Congressman and a Union Major General during the Civil War.

General Blair and his staff
Francis Preston Blair Jr., National Statuary Hall Collection

His XVII Corps was engaged protecting the rear areas of Sherman's army until later in the Atlanta Campaign.