Xi'an

XianXi’anXi'an, ChinaXian, ChinaXi'an, ShaanxiSianChang'anXi'an CityImmortalXi'an, SN
Xi'an (,, Chinese: ), also known as Sian, is the capital of Shaanxi Province.wikipedia
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Historical capitals of China

capitalcapital of Chinacapitals
A sub-provincial city on the Guanzhong Plain in northwest China, it is one of the oldest cities in China, and the oldest of the Four Great Ancient Capitals, having held the position under several of the most important dynasties in Chinese history, including Western Zhou, Qin, Western Han, Sui, and Tang.
The four are Beijing, Nanjing, Luoyang and Xi'an (Chang'an).

Shaanxi

Shaanxi ProvinceShensiShǎnxī
Xi'an (,, Chinese: ), also known as Sian, is the capital of Shaanxi Province.
Xi'an – which includes the sites of the former Chinese capitals Fenghao and Chang'an – is the capital and largest city in the province.

Chengdu

Chengdu, ChinaChengtuChengdu, Sichuan
It is the most populous city in Northwest China, as well as one of the three most populous cities in Western China, the other two being Chongqing and Chengdu.
It is one of the three most-populous cities in Western China, the other two being Chongqing and Xi'an.

Terracotta Army

Terracotta Warriorsterracotta soldiersTerra Cotta Warriors
Xi'an is the starting point of the Silk Road and home to the Terracotta Army of Emperor Qin Shi Huang. The first emperor of China, Qin Shi Huang ordered the construction of the Terracotta Army and his mausoleum just to the east of Xi'an almost immediately after his ascension to the throne.
The figures, dating from approximately the late third century BCE, were discovered in 1974 by local farmers in Lintong County, outside Xi'an, Shaanxi, China.

Chang'an

ChanganChang-AnChang’an
The Qin capital Xianyang was erected north of the Wei during the Warring States period and was succeeded by the Western Han capital of Chang'an, meaning "Perpetual Peace", which was located south of the Wei and covered the central area of present-day Xi'an.
Chang'an was an ancient capital of more than ten dynasties in Chinese history, today known as Xi'an.

Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Xi’an

Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Xi'anXi'anXi’an
This form still appears in the Latin name of the Catholic diocese of Xi'an, archidioecesis Singanensis.
The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Xi’an (Singanen(sis), ) is an archdiocese located in the city of Xi’an in China.

Lantian County

LantianLantian Co.Lantian, SN
The Lantian Man was discovered in 1963 in Lantian County, 50 km southeast of Xi'an, and dates back to at least 500,000 years before the present time.
Lantian County is under the administration of Xi'an, the capital of Shaanxi province, China.

Northwest China

NorthwestNorthwestern Chinanorthwestern
A sub-provincial city on the Guanzhong Plain in northwest China, it is one of the oldest cities in China, and the oldest of the Four Great Ancient Capitals, having held the position under several of the most important dynasties in Chinese history, including Western Zhou, Qin, Western Han, Sui, and Tang. It is the most populous city in Northwest China, as well as one of the three most populous cities in Western China, the other two being Chongqing and Chengdu.

Banpo

Banpo phase
A 6,500-year-old Neolithic village, Banpo, was discovered in 1953 on the eastern outskirts of the city proper, which contains the remains of several well organized Neolithic settlements carbon dated to 5600–6700 years ago.
Banpo is an archaeological site discovered in 1953 and located in the Yellow River Valley just east of Xi'an, China.

Tang dynasty

TangTang ChinaTang Empire
A sub-provincial city on the Guanzhong Plain in northwest China, it is one of the oldest cities in China, and the oldest of the Four Great Ancient Capitals, having held the position under several of the most important dynasties in Chinese history, including Western Zhou, Qin, Western Han, Sui, and Tang. The Nestorian Stele is a Tang Chinese stele erected in 781 that documents 150 years of early Christianity in China.
The Tang capital at Chang'an (present-day Xi'an) was the most populous city in the world in its day.

Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor

mausoleumhis mausoleumQin Shi Huang's Mausoleum
The first emperor of China, Qin Shi Huang ordered the construction of the Terracotta Army and his mausoleum just to the east of Xi'an almost immediately after his ascension to the throne.
The Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor (Qin Shi Huang) is located in Lintong District, Xi'an, Shaanxi province of China.

Haojing

HaoZongzhouHao (city)
The capital of the Western Zhou were the twin cities of Feng and Hao, known collectively as Fenghao, located on opposite banks of the Feng River at its confluence with the southern bank of the Wei in the western suburbs of present-day Xi'an.
Archaeological discoveries indicate that the ruins of Haojing lie next to the Feng River around the north end of Doumen Subdistrict in present-day Xi'an, Shaanxi Province.

List of oldest continuously inhabited cities

oldest continuously inhabited citiesoldest cities in the worldoldest cities
A sub-provincial city on the Guanzhong Plain in northwest China, it is one of the oldest cities in China, and the oldest of the Four Great Ancient Capitals, having held the position under several of the most important dynasties in Chinese history, including Western Zhou, Qin, Western Han, Sui, and Tang.

Wei River

WeiWei valleyWei He
The capital of the Western Zhou were the twin cities of Feng and Hao, known collectively as Fenghao, located on opposite banks of the Feng River at its confluence with the southern bank of the Wei in the western suburbs of present-day Xi'an.
In a direct line, the Wei's source lies 700 km west of the main city along its course, Xi'an in Shaanxi province.

Fu (country subdivision)

Fucommanderyprefecture
Jesuit missionaries recorded its name as "Si-ngan" or "Si-ngan-fou" from its status as the seat of a prefecture (,fǔ).
One of the earliest cities to be called a fu was Jingzhao-fu, which including the capital city Chang'an and Henan-fu, which including the secondary capital Luoyang during the Tang Dynasty.

Xi'an Incident

Xian IncidentChiang was kidnappedhis kidnap and release
In 1936, the Xi'an Incident took place inside the city during the Chinese Civil War.
The Xi'an Incident was a political crisis that took place in Xi'an, Republic of China in 1936.

Giant Wild Goose Pagoda

Big Wild Goose PagodaGreat Wild Goose PagodaDayanta
Construction of the Giant Wild Goose Pagoda began in 652.
Giant Wild Goose Pagoda or Big Wild Goose Pagoda (, literally "big swan goose pagoda"), is a Buddhist pagoda located in southern Xi'an, Shaanxi, China.

Silk Road

Silk Routesilk tradesilk
Xi'an is the starting point of the Silk Road and home to the Terracotta Army of Emperor Qin Shi Huang.
However, Warwick Ball (2016) highlights the recent discovery of sixteen Principate-era Roman coins found in Xi'an (formerly Chang'an, one of the two Han capitals) that were minted during the reigns of Roman emperors spanning from Tiberius to Aurelian (i.e. 1st to 3rd centuries CE).

Christianity in China

Chinese ChristiansChristianChristians
The Nestorian Stele is a Tang Chinese stele erected in 781 that documents 150 years of early Christianity in China.
It records that Christians reached the Tang dynasty capital Xi'an in 635 and were allowed to establish places of worship and to propagate their faith.

Small Wild Goose Pagoda

Small Wild Goose
In 707, construction of the Small Wild Goose Pagoda began.
The Small Wild Goose Pagoda, sometimes Little Wild Goose Pagoda, is one of two significant pagodas in Xi'an, Shaanxi, China, the site of the old Han and Tang capital Chang'an.

Zhou dynasty

ZhouZhou KingdomZhou dynasties
Xi'an became a cultural and political centre of China in the 11th century BC with the founding of the Zhou dynasty.
Jili's son Wen bribed his way out of imprisonment and moved the Zhou capital to Feng (within present-day Xi'an).

Lantian Man

Homo erectus lantianensisLantian
The Lantian Man was discovered in 1963 in Lantian County, 50 km southeast of Xi'an, and dates back to at least 500,000 years before the present time.
Remnants of Lantian Man were found in Lantian County, in China's Shaanxi province, approximately 50 km southeast of Xi'an.

Xi'an Stele

Nestorian SteleNestorian MonumentNestorian Tablet
The Nestorian Stele is a Tang Chinese stele erected in 781 that documents 150 years of early Christianity in China.
The stele was unearthed in the late Ming dynasty (between 1623 and 1625) beside Chongren Temple outside of Xi'an.

Weiyang Palace

Weiyang
Two years later, Liu Bang built Weiyang Palace (未央宮, "Never Ending Palace") north of modern Xi'an.
Weiyang Palace was the main imperial palace complex of Han Dynasty and many other dynasties, located in the city of Chang'an (modern-day Xi'an).

Xi'an Jiaotong University

Xi’an Jiaotong UniversityXian Jiaotong UniversityXi'an Jiao Tong University
Modern Xi'an Jiaotong University was relocated from its original campus in Shanghai.
Xi'an Jiaotong University (abbreviated XJTU) is a C9 League university with strengths in engineering, technology, management, and life sciences located in Xi'an, Shaanxi, China.