Xi Jinping

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Xi Jinping (Mandarin pronunciation: ; born 15 June 1953) is a Chinese politician serving as general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC), president of the People's Republic of China (PRC), and chairman of the Central Military Commission (CMC).wikipedia
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Xi Zhongxun

The son of Chinese Communist veteran Xi Zhongxun, he was exiled to rural Yanchuan County as a teenager following his father's purge during the Cultural Revolution, and lived in a cave in the village of Liangjiahe, where he worked as the party secretary. Xi Jinping was born in Beijing on 15 June 1953, the second son of Xi Zhongxun and his wife Qi Xin.
Xi was also the father of Xi Jinping, the current paramount leader of China and General Secretary of the Communist Party.

Communist Party of China

Communist PartyCPCCommunist
Xi Jinping (Mandarin pronunciation: ; born 15 June 1953) is a Chinese politician serving as general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC), president of the People's Republic of China (PRC), and chairman of the Central Military Commission (CMC).
The current paramount leader is General Secretary Xi Jinping, elected at the 18th National Congress held in October 2012.

Censorship in China

censorshipCensorship in the People's Republic of Chinacensored
A Chinese nationalist, he has tightened restrictions over civil society and ideological discourse by increasing of censorship and mass surveillance, advocating internet censorship in China as the concept of "internet sovereignty".
Since Xi Jinping became the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China (de facto paramount leader) in 2012, censorship has been "significantly stepped up".

Anti-corruption campaign under Xi Jinping

anti-corruption campaignanti-corruption campaign in Chinaanti-corruption
His signature anti-corruption campaign has led to the downfall of prominent incumbent and retired Communist Party officials, including members of the Politburo Standing Committee.
The campaign, carried out under the aegis of Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, was the largest organized anti-graft effort in the history of Communist rule in China.

Chinese Dream

China Dream[China's] rejuvenationassertive
Xi has called for further socialist market economic reforms, for governing according to the law and for strengthening legal institutions, with an emphasis on individual and national aspirations under the slogan "Chinese Dream".
The Chinese Dream is a term promoted by Xi Jinping since 2013 within Chinese society that describes a set of personal and national ethos and ideals in China.

President of the People's Republic of China

PresidentChinese PresidentPresident of China
Xi Jinping (Mandarin pronunciation: ; born 15 June 1953) is a Chinese politician serving as general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC), president of the People's Republic of China (PRC), and chairman of the Central Military Commission (CMC). His tenure has also seen a return to a cult of personality and the removal of term limits for the presidency in 2018.
The current president is Xi Jinping, who took office in March 2013.

Paramount leader

leaderparamount leader of Chinacomplete list
Xi has been Paramount Leader, the highest-ranking official in China, since 2012 and he officially received the title of "core leader" from the CPC in 2016.
The term has been used less frequently to describe Deng's successors, Jiang Zemin, Hu Jintao and Xi Jinping, who have all formally held the offices of General Secretary of the Communist Party of China (Party leader), President of the People's Republic of China and Chairman of the Central Military Commission.

Secretariat of the Communist Party of China

SecretariatCentral SecretariatSecretariat of the Communist Party of China Central Committee
He joined the Politburo Standing Committee and central secretariat in October 2007, spending the next five years as Chinese paramount leader Hu Jintao's presumed successor.
Wan Li, Hu Qili, Hu Jintao, Zeng Qinghong, Xi Jinping, and Liu Yunshan have all successively held the position of the first-ranked Secretary of the secretariat.

Belt and Road Initiative

One Belt, One RoadOne Belt One Road InitiativeOne Belt One Road
He has sought to expand China's African and Eurasian influence through the Belt and Road Initiative.
The leader of the People's Republic of China, Xi Jinping, originally announced the strategy during official visits to Indonesia and Kazakhstan in 2013.

Chinese nationalism

Chinese nationalistnationalistnationalism
A Chinese nationalist, he has tightened restrictions over civil society and ideological discourse by increasing of censorship and mass surveillance, advocating internet censorship in China as the concept of "internet sovereignty".
The powerful national government worked hard to suppress separatism in Tibet and among the Uyghurs, a Turkic minority in the far-west province of Xinjiang. Nationalist forces tried to reduce the semi-independence in Hong Kong, but were strongly opposed by massive demonstrations in 2018. Populist nationalism became a major factor in domestic and foreign policy in the 21st century, especially as propounded by Xi Jinping who became the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China in 2012.

Xi Jinping Thought

Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Erapolitical ideologypolitical theory
Xi's political thoughts have been written into the party and state constitutions.
Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, simply known as Xi Jinping Thought, is a political theory derived from the Chinese Communist Party General Secretary Xi Jinping.

Xi Jinping's cult of personality

cult of personality
His tenure has also seen a return to a cult of personality and the removal of term limits for the presidency in 2018.
A cult of personality has been developing around Xi Jinping since he became General Secretary and paramount leader of China in 2012.

Generations of Chinese leadership

Generations of leadershipfourth generation6th Generation of Chinese leadership
As the central figure of the fifth generation of leadership of the People's Republic, Xi has significantly centralised institutional power by taking on a wide range of leadership positions, including chairing the newly formed National Security Commission, as well as new steering committees on economic and social reforms, military restructuring and modernization, and the Internet.
Xi Jinping did continue this practice until October 2016 when the 6th Plenary of the 18th Central Committee named him as the "core leader" in a document.

Qi Qiaoqiao

Qiaoqiao
Xi had two older sisters, Qiaoqiao, born in 1949 and An'an, born in 1952.
Qi Qiaoqiao (born March 1, 1949) is a Chinese businessperson, former civil official, and elder sister to Xi Jinping, current General Secretary of the Communist Party of China.

Hu Jintao

President HuPresident Hu JintaoHu
He joined the Politburo Standing Committee and central secretariat in October 2007, spending the next five years as Chinese paramount leader Hu Jintao's presumed successor. In February 2000, he and then-provincial Party Secretary Chen Mingyi were called before the top members of the Party Central Politburo Standing Committee of the Communist Party of China – General Secretary Jiang Zemin, Premier Zhu Rongji, Vice-President Hu Jintao and Discipline Inspection Secretary Wei Jianxing – to explain aspects of the Yuanhua scandal.
He was succeeded by Xi Jinping.

Qi Xin

Xi Jinping was born in Beijing on 15 June 1953, the second son of Xi Zhongxun and his wife Qi Xin.
Qi Xin (born November 1926) is a Communist Party of China member who has written various articles on her husband Xi Zhongxun and is mother to Xi Jinping, current General Secretary of the Communist Party of China (paramount leader).

China–Japan relations

Sino-Japanese relationsJapan-China Joint Declaration On Building a Partnership of Friendship and Cooperation for Peace and Developmentrelations between China and Japan
He has also championed a more assertive foreign policy, particularly with regard to China–Japan relations, China's claims in the South China Sea, and its role as a leading advocate of free trade and globalization.

Leadership core

core leadercoreeternal core
Xi has been Paramount Leader, the highest-ranking official in China, since 2012 and he officially received the title of "core leader" from the CPC in 2016.
Four individuals so far have been given this designation: Mao Zedong, Deng Xiaoping, Jiang Zemin, and Xi Jinping.

Central Commission for Discipline Inspection

Central Commission for Discipline Inspection of the Communist Party of ChinaParty's internal disciplinary bodyanti-graft agency
In February 2000, he and then-provincial Party Secretary Chen Mingyi were called before the top members of the Party Central Politburo Standing Committee of the Communist Party of China – General Secretary Jiang Zemin, Premier Zhu Rongji, Vice-President Hu Jintao and Discipline Inspection Secretary Wei Jianxing – to explain aspects of the Yuanhua scandal.
However, beginning with Hu Jintao's term as General Secretary of the Communist Party of China in November 2002, and especially following Xi Jinping's assumption of the party leadership in November 2012, the CCDI has undergone significant reforms to make it more independent from party operations below the Central Committee.

Tsinghua University

TsinghuaQinghua UniversityTsing Hua University
After studying at the Tsinghua University as a "Worker-Peasant-Soldier student", Xi rose through the ranks politically in China's coastal provinces.
Tsinghua alumni include the current General Secretary of the Chinese Communist Party and Paramount Leader of China, Xi Jinping '79, who graduated with a degree in chemical engineering, along with the CPC General Secretary and former Paramount Leader of China Hu Jintao '64, who graduated with a degree in hydraulic engineering.

17th National Congress of the Communist Party of China

17th Party Congress17th17th National Congress
Xi was appointed to the nine-man Politburo Standing Committee of the Communist Party of China at the 17th Party Congress in October 2007.
The Congress also set up the political scene for a smooth transition to the fifth generation of party leadership, introducing rising political stars Xi Jinping and Li Keqiang to the Politburo Standing Committee (PSC), the country's de facto top decision-making body.

Internet censorship in China

Internet censorship in the People's Republic of ChinaChinaInternet censorship
A Chinese nationalist, he has tightened restrictions over civil society and ideological discourse by increasing of censorship and mass surveillance, advocating internet censorship in China as the concept of "internet sovereignty".
Chairing the 2018 China Cyberspace Governance Conference on 20 and 21 April 2018, Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, committed to "fiercely crack down on criminal offences including hacking, telecom fraud, and violation of citizens' privacy."

General Secretary of the Communist Party of China

General SecretaryGeneral Secretary of the Communist PartyParty General Secretary
Xi Jinping (Mandarin pronunciation: ; born 15 June 1953) is a Chinese politician serving as general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC), president of the People's Republic of China (PRC), and chairman of the Central Military Commission (CMC).
The two most recent General Secretaries, Hu Jintao and Xi Jinping, were first elevated to the position of First Secretary of the Secretariat in the same process used to select the membership and roles of the Politburo Standing Committee.

Li Keqiang

Vice Premier Li Keqiang
He was ranked above Li Keqiang, an indication that he was going to succeed Hu Jintao as China's next leader.
Li is a major part of the "fifth generation of Chinese leadership" along with General Secretary Xi Jinping.

Vice President of the People's Republic of China

Vice PresidentVice President of ChinaVice-President
Xi was vice president from 2008 to 2013 and vice chairman of the Central Military Commission from 2010 to 2012.
In reality the position of the Vice President is mostly ceremonial; Vice Presidents Zeng Qinghong, Hu Jintao, and Xi Jinping have been members of the CPC Politburo Standing Committee and the Central Secretariat, the country's main decision making bodies; these three served concurrently as the first-ranked Secretary of the Secretariat, in charge of party affairs.