Xinjiang

Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous RegionXinjiang Uygur Autonomous RegionSinkiangXinjiang Autonomous RegionChinese TurkestanXinjiang Uighur Autonomous RegionXinjiang ProvinceXinjiang regionXinjiang, ChinaXinjang
Xinjiang (شىنجاڭ, SASM/GNC: Xinjang; ; alternately romanized as Sinkiang), officially the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (XUAR), is an autonomous region of the People's Republic of China, located in the far northwest of the country.wikipedia
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Aksai Chin

AksaiKashmir administered by ChinaLadakh plateau
A small part of Xinjiang is claimed by India, referring to it as "Aksai Chin".
It is largely part of Hotan County, which lies in the southwestern part of Hotan Prefecture of Xinjiang Autonomous Region in China, with a small portion on the southeast and south sides lying within the extreme west of the Tibet Autonomous Region.

Ladakh

LaddakhLadakhiLadakh Division
Xinjiang borders the countries of Mongolia (Bayan-Ölgii, Khovd and Govi-Altai Provinces), Russia (Altai Republic), Kazakhstan (East Kazakhstan and Almaty Provinces), Kyrgyzstan (Issyk Kul, Naryn and Osh Regions), Tajikistan (Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region), Afghanistan (Badakhshan Province), Pakistan (Gilgit Baltistan) and India (Ladakh and Jammu and Kashmir).
It is bordered by Tibet to the east, the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh to the south, Jammu and Kashmir and Baltistan to the west, and the southwest corner of Xinjiang across the Karakoram Pass in the far north.

Northwest China

NorthwestNorthwestern Chinanorthwestern
Xinjiang (شىنجاڭ, SASM/GNC: Xinjang; ; alternately romanized as Sinkiang), officially the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (XUAR), is an autonomous region of the People's Republic of China, located in the far northwest of the country.
Northwest China includes the autonomous regions of Xinjiang and Ningxia and the provinces of Shaanxi, Gansu, and Qinghai.

Almaty Region

Almaty ProvinceAlmatyAlmaty Oblast
Xinjiang borders the countries of Mongolia (Bayan-Ölgii, Khovd and Govi-Altai Provinces), Russia (Altai Republic), Kazakhstan (East Kazakhstan and Almaty Provinces), Kyrgyzstan (Issyk Kul, Naryn and Osh Regions), Tajikistan (Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region), Afghanistan (Badakhshan Province), Pakistan (Gilgit Baltistan) and India (Ladakh and Jammu and Kashmir).
The region borders Kyrgyzstan and Xinjiang in the People's Republic of China.

Gilgit-Baltistan

Gilgit–BaltistanGilgit BaltistanNorthern Areas
Xinjiang borders the countries of Mongolia (Bayan-Ölgii, Khovd and Govi-Altai Provinces), Russia (Altai Republic), Kazakhstan (East Kazakhstan and Almaty Provinces), Kyrgyzstan (Issyk Kul, Naryn and Osh Regions), Tajikistan (Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region), Afghanistan (Badakhshan Province), Pakistan (Gilgit Baltistan) and India (Ladakh and Jammu and Kashmir).
It borders Azad Kashmir to the south, the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa to the west, the Wakhan Corridor of Afghanistan to the north, the Xinjiang region of China, to the east and northeast, and the Indian-administered union territories Jammu and Kashmir (union territory) and Ladakh to the southeast.

Qinghai

Qinghai ProvinceKokonorTsinghai
Xinjiang also borders the Tibet Autonomous Region and the provinces of Gansu and Qinghai.
Qinghai borders Gansu on the northeast, Xinjiang on the northwest, Sichuan on the southeast and the Tibet Autonomous Region on the southwest.

Autonomous regions of China

Autonomous regionRegionautonomous regions
Xinjiang (شىنجاڭ, SASM/GNC: Xinjang; ; alternately romanized as Sinkiang), officially the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (XUAR), is an autonomous region of the People's Republic of China, located in the far northwest of the country.
The Inner Mongolia autonomous region was established in 1947; Xinjiang was made autonomous in 1955; Guangxi and Ningxia in 1958, and Tibet in 1965.

Tarim Basin

TarimTarim Basin deciduous forests and steppeeastern Central Asia
Xinjiang is divided into the Dzungarian Basin in the north and the Tarim Basin in the south by a mountain range.
Located in China's Xinjiang region, it is sometimes used synonymously to refer the southern half of the province, or Nanjiang, as opposed to the northern half of the province known as Dzungaria or Beijiang.

List of Chinese administrative divisions by area

28th10th largest10th largest province in China
Being the largest province-level division of China and the 8th largest country subdivision in the world, Xinjiang spans over 1.6 million km 2 (640,000 square miles).

Tibet Autonomous Region

TibetXizangXizang Province
Xinjiang also borders the Tibet Autonomous Region and the provinces of Gansu and Qinghai.
The Tibet Autonomous Region is the second-largest province-level division of China by area, spanning over 1200000 km2, after Xinjiang, and mostly due to its harsh and rugged terrain, is the least densely populated provincial-level division of the PRC.

Dzungaria

JungariaJunggarJunggar Basin
Xinjiang is divided into the Dzungarian Basin in the north and the Tarim Basin in the south by a mountain range.
Dzungaria (also spelled Zungaria, Dzungharia or Zungharia, Dzhungaria or Zhungaria, or Djungaria or Jungaria) is a geographical region in northwest China corresponding to the northern half of Xinjiang, also known as Beijiang.

Sibe people

XibeSibeXibo
It is home to a number of ethnic groups, including the Uyghur, Han, Kazakhs, Tibetans, Hui, Tajiks, Kyrgyz, Mongols, Russians and Xibe.
The Sibe or Xibo, are a Tungusic people living mostly in Xinjiang, Jilin (bordering North Korea) and Shenyang in Liaoning.

Osh Region

Osh ProvinceOsh OblastOsh
Xinjiang borders the countries of Mongolia (Bayan-Ölgii, Khovd and Govi-Altai Provinces), Russia (Altai Republic), Kazakhstan (East Kazakhstan and Almaty Provinces), Kyrgyzstan (Issyk Kul, Naryn and Osh Regions), Tajikistan (Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region), Afghanistan (Badakhshan Province), Pakistan (Gilgit Baltistan) and India (Ladakh and Jammu and Kashmir).
It is bounded by (clockwise) Jalal-Abad Region, Naryn Region, Xinjiang, China, Tajikistan, Batken Region, and Uzbekistan.

Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps

BingtuanXPCCXinjiang Bingtuan
In 1954, Xinjiang Bingtuan was set up to strengthen the border defense against the Soviet Union and also promote the local economy.
The Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps, known as XPCC or Bingtuan ("The Corps") for short, is a unique economic and paramilitary organization in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR) of China.

Xinjiang conflict

conflictsXinjiang insurgency
In the last decades, the East Turkestan independent movement, separatist conflict and the influence of radical Islam have both resulted in unrest in the region, with occasional terrorist attacks and clashes between separatist and government forces.
The Xinjiang conflict is a conflict in China's far-west province of Xinjiang centred on the Uyghurs, a Turkic minority ethnic group who make up the largest group in the region.

Kashgar

KashgariaKashgharShule
Starting in 2014 members of Kashgar's Muslim Uyghur minority have been detained in Xinjiang's re-education camps, reportedly aimed at changing the political thinking of detainees, their identities and their religious beliefs via indoctrination and torture.
Kashgar, officially known as Kashi, is an oasis city in Xinjiang, People's Republic of China.

Xinjiang re-education camps

treatment of Uyghursre-education campshuman rights abuses
Starting in 2014 members of Kashgar's Muslim Uyghur minority have been detained in Xinjiang's re-education camps, reportedly aimed at changing the political thinking of detainees, their identities and their religious beliefs via indoctrination and torture.
The Xinjiang re-education camps, officially called Vocational Education and Training Centers by the government of the People's Republic of China, are camps that have been operated by the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Regional government for the purpose of interning Uyghur Muslims since 2014.

Naryn Region

Naryn ProvinceNaryn OblastNaryn
Xinjiang borders the countries of Mongolia (Bayan-Ölgii, Khovd and Govi-Altai Provinces), Russia (Altai Republic), Kazakhstan (East Kazakhstan and Almaty Provinces), Kyrgyzstan (Issyk Kul, Naryn and Osh Regions), Tajikistan (Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region), Afghanistan (Badakhshan Province), Pakistan (Gilgit Baltistan) and India (Ladakh and Jammu and Kashmir).
It is located in the east of the country and borders with Chuy Region in the north, Issyk Kul Region in the northeast, Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of China in the southeast, Osh Region in the southwest, and Jalal-Abad Region in the west.

Islam in China

MuslimChinese MuslimsChinese Muslim
Starting in 2014 members of Kashgar's Muslim Uyghur minority have been detained in Xinjiang's re-education camps, reportedly aimed at changing the political thinking of detainees, their identities and their religious beliefs via indoctrination and torture.
Though Hui Muslims are the most numerous group, the greatest concentration of Muslims is in Xinjiang, with a significant Uyghur population.

Uyghur language

UyghurUighurUighur language
These names include Altishahr, the historical Uyghur name (referring to "the six cities" of the Tarim), as well as Khotan, Khotay, Chinese Tartary, High Tartary, East Chagatay (it was eastern part of Chagatai Khanate), Moghulistan ("land of the Mongols"), Kashgaria, Little Bokhara, Serindia (due to Indian cultural influence), and, in Chinese, "Western Regions".
The Uyghur or Uighur language ( ئۇيغۇر تىلى, Уйғур тили, Uyghur tili, Uyƣur tili or ئۇيغۇرچە, Уйғурчә, Uyghurche, Uyƣurqə; formerly known as Eastern Turki), is a Turkic language with 10 to 15 million speakers, spoken primarily by the Uyghur people in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of Western China.

Silk Road

Silk Routesilk tradesilk
The most well-known route of the historical Silk Road ran through the territory from the east to its northwestern border.
The southern stretches of the Silk Road, from Khotan (Xinjiang) to Eastern China, were first used for jade and not silk, as long as 5000 BCE, and is still in use for this purpose.

Issyk-Kul Region

Issyk Kul ProvinceIssyk Kul RegionIssyk-Kul
Xinjiang borders the countries of Mongolia (Bayan-Ölgii, Khovd and Govi-Altai Provinces), Russia (Altai Republic), Kazakhstan (East Kazakhstan and Almaty Provinces), Kyrgyzstan (Issyk Kul, Naryn and Osh Regions), Tajikistan (Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region), Afghanistan (Badakhshan Province), Pakistan (Gilgit Baltistan) and India (Ladakh and Jammu and Kashmir).
It is surrounded by Almaty Region, Kazakhstan (north), Chuy Region (west), Naryn Region (southwest) and Xinjiang, China (southeast).

Mongols in China

MongolMongolsethnic Mongol
It is home to a number of ethnic groups, including the Uyghur, Han, Kazakhs, Tibetans, Hui, Tajiks, Kyrgyz, Mongols, Russians and Xibe.
Most of them live in Inner Mongolia, Northeast China, Xinjiang, etc.

List of country subdivisions by area

List of the largest country subdivisions by areathird largest subnational governing body by area8th largest country subdivision
Being the largest province-level division of China and the 8th largest country subdivision in the world, Xinjiang spans over 1.6 million km 2 (640,000 square miles).

East Turkestan

Chinese TurkestanUyghurstanEast Turkistan
In the last decades, the East Turkestan independent movement, separatist conflict and the influence of radical Islam have both resulted in unrest in the region, with occasional terrorist attacks and clashes between separatist and government forces.
Historically, the term was invented by Russian Turkologists like Nikita Bichurin in the 19th century to replace another Western term, Chinese Turkestan, which referred to the Tarim Basin in the southwestern part of Xinjiang province of the Qing dynasty.