Xinjiang

Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous RegionXinjiang Uygur Autonomous RegionSinkiangXinjiang Autonomous RegionChinese TurkestanXinjiang Uighur Autonomous RegionXinjiang ProvinceXinjiang regionXinjiang, ChinaXinjang
Xinjiang (شىنجاڭ, SASM/GNC: Xinjang; ; alternately romanized as Sinkiang), officially the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (XUAR), is an autonomous region of the People's Republic of China, located in the far northwest of the country.wikipedia
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Tacheng

ChuguchakTarbagataiQoqek
56,400) and the administrative seat of Tacheng Prefecture, in northern Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture, Xinjiang, one of the autonomous regions of China.

Lake Balkhash

Lake BalkashBalkhashBalkhash Lake
A small V-shaped wedge between these two major basins, limited by the Tian Shan's main range in the south and the Borohoro Mountains in the north, is the basin of the Ili River, which flows into Kazakhstan's Lake Balkhash; an even smaller wedge farther north is the Emin Valley.
The Ili is fed by precipitation, largely vernal snowmelt, from the mountains of China's Xinjiang region.

Tiemenguan City

Tiemenguan
Tiemenguan is a county-level city in Xinjiang, People's Republic of China.

Emperor Taizong's campaign against the Western Regions

Tang campaign against the oasis statescampaigns against the oasis statesinvade the oasis states
Campaigns against the oasis states began under Emperor Taizong with the annexation of Gaochang in 640.
Qu Wentai also entered into an alliance with Ashina Bobu against a Tang ally, Yiwu, in modern Hami, Xinjiang), as well as Yanqi.

Mongol Empire

MongolMongolsMongolian Empire
By contrast, Genghis Khan's Mongol Empire conquered the Qara Khitai in 1218.
Before the forces of Batu and Güyük met, Güyük, sick and worn out by travel, died en route at Qum-Senggir (Hong-siang-yi-eulh) in Xinjiang, possibly a victim of poison.

Karakoram Highway

Karakorum HighwayN-35 National HighwayKKH
The Karakorum highway (KKH) links Islamabad, Pakistan with Kashgar over the Khunjerab Pass.
The highway connects the Pakistani provinces of Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa plus Gilgit-Baltistan with China's Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region.

Changji

Changji, Xinjiang, ChinaChangji, ChinaChangji (Sanji) City
To the west, the Northern Xinjiang runs along the northern footslopes of the Tian Shan range through Changji, Shihezi, Kuytun and Jinghe to the Kazakh border at Alashankou, where it links up with the Turkestan-Siberia Railway.
Changji is a county-level city situated about 40 km west of the regional capital, Ürümqi in northern Xinjiang, China, and has about 390,000 inhabitants.

Manichaeism

ManichaeanManichaeansManichean
The Uyghur state in eastern Xinjiang remained Manichaean, but later converted to Buddhism.
Some sites are preserved in Xinjiang and Fujian in China.

Dzungar people

DzungarsDzungarDzungar Mongols
During the Qing dynasty, the northern part of Xinjiang, Dzungaria was known as Zhunbu (準部, "Dzungar region") and the southern Tarim Basin was known as Huijiang (回疆, "Muslim Frontier") before both regions were merged and became the region of "Xiyu Xinjiang", later simplified as "Xinjiang".
The Dzungars who lived in an area that stretched from the west end of the Great Wall of China to present-day eastern Kazakhstan and from present-day northern Kyrgyzstan to southern Siberia (most of which is located in present-day Xinjiang), were the last nomadic empire to threaten China, which they did from the early 17th century through the middle of the 18th century.

36th Division (National Revolutionary Army)

36th Division36th36th Division of the National Revolutionary Army
The Chinese Muslim Kuomintang 36th Division (National Revolutionary Army) destroyed the army of the First East Turkestan Republic at the Battle of Kashgar (1934), bringing the Republic to an end after the Chinese Muslims executed the two Emirs of the Republic, Abdullah Bughra and Nur Ahmad Jan Bughra.
A minor battle in which Chinese Muslim troops were expelled from the Aksu oases of Xinjiang by Uyghurs when they rose up in revolt.

Gurbantünggüt Desert

Dzoosotoyn Elisen DesertGurbantunggut DesertGurbantünggüt
Nonetheless, it, too, has a large Gurbantünggüt Desert (also known as Dzoosotoyn Elisen) in its center.
The Gurbantünggüt Desert occupies a large part of the Dzungarian Basin in northern Xinjiang, in the northwest of the People's Republic of China.

Tao Zhiyue

Tao Shiyue
The People's Liberation Army entered Xinjiang in 1949, then the Kuomintang commander Tao Zhiyue and the government's chairman Burhan Shahidi surrendered the province to them.

Mao Zemin

Zemin
Sheng invited a group of Chinese Communists to Xinjiang, including Mao Zedong's brother Mao Zemin, but in 1943, fearing a conspiracy, Sheng executed them all, including Mao Zemin.
During World War II, he was sent to Xinjiang by the Party central committee in 1938.

Bole, Xinjiang

BoleBortalaBole (Bortala)
Bole as the official romanized name, also transliterated from Mongolian as Bortala, is a county-level city in Xinjiang, China.

Wusu

UsuWusu citiesWusu County
Usu as the official romanized name and transliterated from Mongolian, also known as Wusu, is a county-level city with more than 100,000 residents in Xinjiang, China.

Manas Lake

Lake Manas
In the Dzungarian basin, a similar situation occurs with most rivers that historically flowed into Lake Manas.
The Manas Lake is a salt lake in China's Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region.

Tarim River

TarimŚitaTalimu River
This is the case even with the main river of the Tarim Basin, the Tarim, which has been dammed at a number of locations along its course, and whose waters have been completely diverted before they can reach the Lop Lake.
The Tarim River (undefined; تارىم دەرياسى), known in Sanskrit as the Śītā is an endorheic river in Xinjiang, China.

Borohoro Mountains

BorohoroBorohoro Range
A small V-shaped wedge between these two major basins, limited by the Tian Shan's main range in the south and the Borohoro Mountains in the north, is the basin of the Ili River, which flows into Kazakhstan's Lake Balkhash; an even smaller wedge farther north is the Emin Valley.
It is almost entirely located within in China's Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, with only a few westernmost peaks being in Kazakhstan.

Chen Quanguo

Chen Quanguo (born November 1955) is a Chinese politician and current Communist Party Secretary of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region and a member of the 19th Politburo of the Communist Party of China.

Irtysh River

IrtyshBlack IrtyshKara Irtysh
The northernmost part of the region, with the Irtysh River rising in the Altai Mountains, that flows (via Kazakhstan and Russia) toward the Arctic Ocean, is the only exception.
The river's source lies in the Mongolian Altai in Dzungaria (the northern part of Xinjiang, China) close to the border with Mongolia.

Ismail Amat

Ismail Amat (ئىسمائىل ئەھمەد; ; September 1935 – 16 October 2018) was an Uyghur politician of China who served as Chairman (Governor) of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, State Councillor, Vice-Chairman of the National People's Congress, and Vice-Chairman of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC).

Zhang Chunxian

Zhang Chunxian (born May 1953) is a Chinese politician, best known for his term as the Communist Party Secretary of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, and the Political Commissar of the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps from 2010 to 2016.

Kunyu, Xinjiang

Kunyu
Kunyu is a county-level city in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, China.

Kazakhstania

Kazakhstan BlockJunggar BlockKazakhstan
Older geological formations are located in the far north, where the Junggar Block is geologically part of Kazakhstan, and in the east, where is part of the North China Craton.
The Junggar basin in Xinjiang, China is also part of Kazakhstania, though sometimes referred to as the Junggar Block.

Torugart Pass

TorugartTuergate
The Tian Shan mountain range marks the Xinjiang-Kyrgyzstan border at the Torugart Pass (3752 m).
Torugart Pass is a mountain pass in the Tian Shan mountain range near the border between the Naryn Province of Kyrgyzstan and the Xinjiang Autonomous Region of China.