Xu Xiangqian

Xu Xiangqian (November 8, 1901 – September 21, 1990) was a Chinese Communist military leader and one of the Ten Marshals of the People's Liberation Army.wikipedia
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Republic of China Military Academy

Whampoa Military AcademyWhampoa AcademyHuangpu Military Academy
After graduation he had a short career as school teacher, then despite his parents' objections, he joined and attended the first class of the Whampoa Military Academy in 1924.
Legendary graduates include Nationalist commanders Chen Cheng, Du Yuming, Xue Yue, Hu Zongnan, Hu Lien and Guan Linzheng and Communist commanders Lin Biao, Xu Xiangqian, Zuo Quan, Liu Zhidan and Chen Geng.

Chinese Red Army

Chinese Workers' and Peasants' Red ArmyRed ArmyFirst Red Army
During this time, he helped Zhang to establish new communist bases and expanded the 4th Front Army of the Chinese Red Army, despite the fact that his wife was executed by Zhang Guotao in his political purges.
Only Xu Xiangqian and other senior officers survived.

List of generals of the People's Republic of China

List of officers of the People's Liberation ArmygeneralsPeople of note in the PLA
*List of officers of the People's Liberation Army

Guangzhou Uprising

Canton UprisingGuangzhou Commune (Guangzhou Soviet)a communist uprising
He did not participate in the failed Nanchang Uprising, but led the failed Guangzhou Uprising shortly after.
The uprising occurred despite the strong objections of communist military commanders such as Ye Ting, Ye Jianying and Xu Xiangqian, as the communists were badly armed - just 2,000 of the insurgents had rifles.

Ye Jianying

Jianying YeMarshall Ye Jianying
He served as Zhang's principle commander with Ye Jianying as Chief of Staff. Xu did not originally plan to attend the demonstration, but because both Ye Jianying and Nie Rongzhen, who originally planned to attend, were hospitalized at the time, Xu was invited instead.

Yuan shuai

MarshalTen MarshalsMarshal of the People's Republic of China
Xu Xiangqian (November 8, 1901 – September 21, 1990) was a Chinese Communist military leader and one of the Ten Marshals of the People's Liberation Army.

Yan Xishan

Yen Hsi-shanYen Hsi – shan
In 1948 and 1949 Luo engaged and defeated the forces of Yan Xishan, a Shanxi warlord who was aligned with the Kuomintang.
To overcome these defenses, the Communist commander Xu Xiangqian developed a strategy of engaging positions on the outskirts of Taiyuan before besieging the city itself.

Nie Rongzhen

Marshal NieMarshal Nie Rongzheng
Xu did not originally plan to attend the demonstration, but because both Ye Jianying and Nie Rongzhen, who originally planned to attend, were hospitalized at the time, Xu was invited instead.
In the Chinese Civil War he commanded the Northern China Military Region, and with his deputy Xu Xiangqian, his force defeated Fu Zuoyi's forces in Tianjin near Beijing.

Order of Independence and Freedom

3rd Class Order of Independence and FreedomMedal of Freedom and independence

Sino-Vietnamese War

Sino-Vietnam WarSino–Vietnamese WarChinese invasion of Vietnam
Xu led the preparations for PLA operations in the Sino-Vietnam War in 1979.

Communist Party of China

Communist PartyCPCCommunist
Xu Xiangqian (November 8, 1901 – September 21, 1990) was a Chinese Communist military leader and one of the Ten Marshals of the People's Liberation Army.

People's Liberation Army

PLAChinese People's Liberation ArmyChinese Army
Xu Xiangqian (November 8, 1901 – September 21, 1990) was a Chinese Communist military leader and one of the Ten Marshals of the People's Liberation Army.

Chiang Kai-shek

Chiang Kai ShekJiang JieshiChiang Kaishek
He was the son of a wealthy landowner, but joined Chiang Kai-shek's National Revolutionary Army, against his parents' wishes, in 1924.

National Revolutionary Army

Chinese Nationalist ArmyNationalist ArmyNRA
He was the son of a wealthy landowner, but joined Chiang Kai-shek's National Revolutionary Army, against his parents' wishes, in 1924.

Kuomintang

KMTNationalistnationalists
When the Kuomintang began to fight the Communists in 1927, Xu left Chiang's forces and led a Communist army based in Sichuan under the political authority of Zhang Guotao.

Sichuan

Sichuan ProvinceSzechuanSzechwan
When the Kuomintang began to fight the Communists in 1927, Xu left Chiang's forces and led a Communist army based in Sichuan under the political authority of Zhang Guotao.

Zhang Guotao

Chang Kuo-taoZhang
During this time, he helped Zhang to establish new communist bases and expanded the 4th Front Army of the Chinese Red Army, despite the fact that his wife was executed by Zhang Guotao in his political purges. When the Kuomintang began to fight the Communists in 1927, Xu left Chiang's forces and led a Communist army based in Sichuan under the political authority of Zhang Guotao.

Mao Zedong

MaoMao Tse-tungChairman Mao
After Zhang was purged in the early 1930s, Xu survived politically and rejoined the Red Army, in a less senior position, under the leadership of Mao Zedong.

Second Sino-Japanese War

Sino-Japanese WarJapanese invasion of ChinaJapanese invasion
During the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945) Xu served in several military units in Communist-controlled areas across North China, and directed the construction of several bases areas.

North China

Northern ChinaNorthnorthern
During the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945) Xu served in several military units in Communist-controlled areas across North China, and directed the construction of several bases areas.

Chinese Civil War

civil warCommunist RevolutionChina
When the Chinese Civil War resumed, in 1947, Xu was active in North China.

Taiyuan

JinyangTaiyuan, ChinaTaiyuan Prefecture
Forces under his command were responsible for the capture of the heavily fortified city of Taiyuan in the later stages of the war, in 1949.

Cultural Revolution

Chinese Cultural RevolutionGreat Proletarian Cultural RevolutionCulture Revolution
He held numerous political and military positions, and survived the Cultural Revolution despite attempting to moderate some of its more destructive effects.

Deng Xiaoping

DengDeng Xiao PingChairman Deng
He was an important supporter of Deng Xiaoping and his return to political power in 1976.