Xu Xiangqian

Marshal Xu Xianqian (1955)
The former residence of Xu Xiangqian, Wutai County

Chinese Communist military leader and one of the Ten Marshals of the People's Liberation Army.

- Xu Xiangqian

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Zhang Qinqiu

Chinese Communist revolutionary, military commander, and politician.

Wedding photo of Zhang Qinqiu and Shen Zemin

In June 1979, Marshal Xu Xiangqian, her former comrade in the Fourth Front Army, held a memorial ceremony for her, which was attended by Li Xiannian, Wang Zhen, Yu Qiuli, Chen Xilian and Hu Yaobang.

February Countercurrent

The February Countercurrent, also known as the February Adverse Current, refers to the joint efforts by a group of conservative Chinese Communist Party veterans to oppose the ultra-leftist radicalism at the beginning of the Cultural Revolution.

The events refer mainly to a series of stormy meetings of the Politburo of the Chinese Communist Party and the top military brass which took place between January and February, 1967, which pitted Communist revolutionary generals Tan Zhenlin, Chen Yi, Xu Xiangqian, Nie Rongzhen, and others against Maoist radicals led by Lin Biao, Kang Sheng, Jiang Qing, and Zhang Chunqiao.

Yu Guangyuan

Chinese economist, philosopher, and a senior official of the People's Republic of China.

In Yiling, Yichang, Hubei, text on road signs appears both in Chinese characters and in Hanyu Pinyin

During the Third Plenary Session, Yu participated in the Northwestern Group along with other 34 attendees, including Xu Xiangqian and Hu Yaobang.

March 1967

The following events occurred in March 1967:

March 11, 1967: American national symbol placed on the endangered species list
March 10, 1967: The world's new "largest airliner", the Il-62, begins passenger service
March 15, 1967: Southwest Airlines founded
Congressman Powell
Unidentified decedent "Miss X"
Le Redoutable

A group of 100,000 students marched through the streets of Beijing, shouting protests against the "February Adverse Current" that had seen the Chinese Army reclaim control of cities taken over by the Red Guards. Vice-Premiers Tan Zhenlin and Li Fuchun, and Marshals Xu Xiangqian, Nie Rongzhen and Chen Yi (China's Foreign Minister) were the targets of the demonstration.

Battle of Chishui River

Major battle between the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and the Nationalist Party (KMT) during the Long March in 1935.

Aiming to meet the other branch of Red Army led by Zhang Guotao and Xu Xiangqian in Sichuan, Mao's Red Army left Zunyi on January 19 and moved northward.

Decisive Engagement: The Liaoxi-Shenyang Campaign

1991 Chinese epic war film directed by Li Jun, Yang Guangyuan, Wei Lian, Cai Jiwei, Zhao Jilie, Zhai Junjie and Jing Mukui, written by Li Pingfen, Shi Chao and Wang Jun, and starring Gu Yue, Su Lin, Ma Shaoxin, Lu Jixian, Zhao Hengduo, and Wu Zhiyuan.

Italian film Cabiria (1914), one of the earliest known epic films

Zhao Xiaoming as Xu Xiangqian

Wang Bingzhang (general)

Chinese Communist revolutionary and a founding lieutenant general of the People's Liberation Army (PLA).

Wang Bingzhang in 1955

In 1951, he accompanied Xu Xiangqian to Moscow to negotiate with the Soviet Union for the purchase of the MiG-15 fighter planes.

Death and state funeral of Mao Zedong

Chinese communist revolutionary who became the founder of the People's Republic of China (PRC), which he ruled as the Chairman of the Chinese Communist Party from its establishment in 1949 until his death on September 9, 1976, at the age of 82.

Mao in 1959

Wei Guoqing, Liu Bocheng, Jiang Qing, Xu Shiyou, Ji Dengkui, Wu De, Wang Dongxing, Chen Yonggui, Chen Xilian, Li Xiannian, Li Desheng, Yao Wenyuan, Wu Guixian, Su Zhenhua, Ni Zhifu, Saifuddin Azizi, Soong Ching Ling, Guo Moruo, Xu Xiangqian, Nie Rongzhen, Chen Yun, Tan Zhenlin, Li Jingquan, Zhang Dingzhen, Cai Chang, Ulanhu, Ngapoi Ngawang Jigme, Zhou Jianren, Xu Dezhen, Hu Yuwen, Li Suwen, Yao Lianwei, Wang Zhen, Yu Qiuli, Gu Mu, Sun Jian, Su Yu, Shen Yanbing, Pagbalha Geleg Namgyai and Jiang Hua.

Spirit Soldier rebellions (1920–1926)

The Spirit Soldier rebellions of 1920–1926 were a series of major peasant uprisings against state authorities and warlords in the Republic of China's provinces of Hubei and Sichuan during the Warlord Era.

The Spirit Soldier movement originated from and was centered in the mountainous, isolated counties of western Hubei (Enshi Prefecture pictured)
A Chinese peasant on the fields in the 1910s or 1920s.
The Spirit Soldiers were likened to the Boxers (pictured) due to their reliance on close quarters combat and belief in magic to overcome better armed opponents.
A Jesuit missionary on an Asahi motorcycle in China in 1939. The Spirit Soldiers were hostile toward Western-influenced modernization and Christianity.
Wu valley, the center of Spirit Soldier activity in Sichuan

By this point, the Spirit Soldier movement still had a significant presence in the region, and Spirit Soldier bands soon allied themselves with the Red Armies of He Long and Xu Xiangqian.

35th anniversary of the People's Republic of China

The 35th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China took place on 1 October 1984.

Tiananmen Square in the early 20th century, viewed from Zhengyangmen Gate (Qianmen Gate) with the Gate of China, later removed in 1954, in the place of the present-day Mao Zedong Mausoleum. The "corridor of a thousand steps" is visible behind the Gate of China, and Tiananmen Gate is in the distance.

Xu Xiangqian, the 4th Minister of National Defense