A report on YPF

Group of YPF workers at an oil well in Chubut, 1923
Former headquarters on Diagonal Norte Avenue (1938)
YPF gas station in Chacarita, Buenos Aires (1951)
Former YPF logo
YPF business jet, Aeroparque Newbery, 1972
Minister Roberto Dromi opening the offers for the privatization of YPF, June 1990
Cristina Fernández de Kirchner announces the bill to re-nationalize YPF, April 2012.
"Elaion" motor oil brand of YPF

Vertically integrated, majority state-owned Argentine energy company, engaged in oil and gas exploration and production, and the transportation, refining, and marketing of gas and petroleum products.

- YPF

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Enrique Mosconi

Enrique Mosconi

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Argentine military engineer, who is best known as the pioneer and organizer of petroleum exploration and extraction in Argentina.

Argentine military engineer, who is best known as the pioneer and organizer of petroleum exploration and extraction in Argentina.

Enrique Mosconi
Enrique Mosconi
portrait of Mosconi in his childhood
Mosconi, dressing in military uniform
monument of Mosconi in Comodoro Rivadavia
tomb of Enrique Mosconi in La Recoleta Cemetery

On 16 October 1922 Mosconi was appointed by the president Alvear as Director-General of the Fiscal Petroleum Reserves (Yacimientos Petrolíferos Fiscales, YPF), where he would stay for eight years, devoting large efforts to increase exploration and development of petroleum extraction.

Marcelo Torcuato de Alvear

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Argentine lawyer and politician, who served as president of Argentina between from 1922 to 1928.

Argentine lawyer and politician, who served as president of Argentina between from 1922 to 1928.

Alvear as a child.
Alvear in 1893.
Alvear with Lenadro N. Alem, Francisco A. Barroetaveña and Juan Passe.
Alvear and Pacini in Mar del Plata.
Alvear's official portrait, 1922.
Alvear addressing Congress to be sworn in as president.
The Ford Motor assembly plant in La Boca, Buenos Aires.
Alvear with Justo in Mar del Plata.
Together with the Chilean president, Arturo Alessandri, 1925.
Humberto of Saboy, crown prince of Italy and the Argentine president, Marcelo T. de Alvear.
Alvear with the Prince of Wales, 1925.
Marcelo T de Alvear inaugurating the Electric West Railway.
President Alvear with swimmer Lilian Harrison.
The Alvear's at the Casa del Teatro.
Alvear with Hipólito Yrigoyen.
Alvear aboard a boat.
Alvear signs letter heading for exile.
Alvear-Mosca's political slogan.
Alvear with Sabattini in Cordoba doing political campaign.
Alvear of campaign in Tucuman.
Alvear in 1940.
Alvear bust in the busts room of the Casa Rosada.
Statue of Marcelo Torcuato de Alvear, in Recoleta, Buenos Aires.
Coat of arms of Alvear as knight of the Order of Charles III.
Foreign decorations of Marcelo T. de Alvear.
Alvear decorations.

Just one year later, the state-owned YPF installed the first gasoline pump, on the corner of Bartolomé Mitre and Rosales, in the city of Buenos Aires.

Juan Perón

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Argentine Army general and politician.

Argentine Army general and politician.

Patio inside the home in Lobos where Perón was born.
Lt. Perón (left) and General José Uriburu (middle), with whose right-wing coup in 1930 he collaborated. Perón backed the more moderate General Agustín Justo, however.
Peron in 1940
President Edelmiro Farrell (left) and his benefactor, Vice President and Colonel Juan Perón, in April 1945.
Demonstration for Perón's release on 17 October 1945
Juan and Eva Perón
Lt. General Perón in military uniform, drinking coffee (1950 or later)
President Perón at his 1946 inaugural parade
First emblem of the Peronist Party, 1946-1955
Ángel Borlenghi, an erstwhile socialist who, as Interior Minister, oversaw new labour courts and the opposition's activities.
President Perón (right) signs the nationalization of British-owned railways watched by Ambassador Sir Reginald Leeper, March 1948.
As president, Perón took an active interest in the development of sports in Argentina, hosting international events and sponsoring athletes such as the boxer, José María Gatica (left).
Repairs at the Río Santiago Shipyards
Reservoir of the Valle Grande hydroelectric dam, near San Rafael, Mendoza
A hospital near Rosario, one of hundreds built during the Perón years
Production line at the state military industries facility, 1950; on line since 1927, Perón's budgets modernized and expanded the complex.
First Lady Eva Perón (left) tending to the needy in her capacity as head of her foundation
Partial view of the "Children's Republic" theme park.
An August 1951 rally organized by the CGT for a Perón-Evita ticket failed to overcome military objections to her, and the ailing first lady withdrew.
Union leader Cipriano Reyes, jailed for years for turning against Perón
Nazi exile network principal Rodolfo Freude (2nd from left) and President Perón (2nd from right), who appointed Freude Director of the Argentine Intelligence Secretariat
Ronald Richter (left) with Juan Perón (right).
Juan Perón and José Ber Gelbard
Evita and Juan Perón at the Plaza de Mayo, 1951. Raúl Apold is visible behind Perón.
Golda Meir talks with Evita Perón on Meir's visit to Argentina, 1951.
Perón and the ailing Evita during his second inaugural parade, June 1952. Eva died the following month.
Designed and manufactured in Argentina, the Justicialist was part of Perón's effort to develop a local auto industry.
The Alas Building under construction
Scene in the Plaza de Mayo following a failed coup attempt against Perón, 16 June 1955. He was deposed three months later.
Perón greeting Augusto Pinochet at Morón Airbase on 14 May 1974.
Perón Street in midtown Buenos Aires, one of numerous streets and avenues named in his honor when democracy returned to Argentina in 1983. It refers to him as General and not President.
The new leader, General Eduardo Lonardi, waves in a 1955 newsmagazine cover. His gradualist approach to "de-Perónization" led to his prompt ousting.
First meeting of the Junta's Civilian Advisory Board, 1955. Despite great pressure to the contrary, the board recommended that most of Perón's social reforms be kept in place.
Student unrest in Rosario, 1969 (the Rosariazo). Unable to return on his volition, Perón began rallying besieged leftist students (the very people he had repressed in office).
UCR leader Ricardo Balbín, Conservative Horacio Thedy and Perón's delegate, Daniel Paladino (middle three) find rare common cause after General Levingston's 1970 power grab. Their joint Hour of the People statement helped lead to elections in 1973 (and to Perón's return).
Perón hosts the head of the opposition UCR, Ricardo Balbín, at his home in preparations for the 1973 campaign.
José López Rega, Perón's personal secretary, proved a detrimental influence over the aging leader, leveraging this for corruption and revenge.
Perón greets supporters during a 12 June 1974 rally, his last.
Juan and Isabel Perón with Nicolae and Elena Ceaușescu during their state visit to Argentina on 6 March 1974.
Perón's funeral cortège along the Avenida de Mayo.
Perón's stand-in, Héctor Cámpora, votes in the 1973 elections. Perón nominated Cámpora to placate the Left, but their support for Perón waned after the leader made them guilty by association for the growing wave of violence.

He promoted the fossil fuel industry by ordering these resources nationalized, inaugurating Río Turbio (Argentina's only active coal mine), having natural gas flared by the state oil firm YPF captured, and establishing Gas del Estado.

Renationalization of YPF

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President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner of Argentina introduced a bill on April 16, 2012 for the partial renationalization of YPF, the nation's largest energy firm.

Hipólito Yrigoyen

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Argentine politician of the Radical Civic Union and two-time President of Argentina, who served his first term from 1916 to 1922 and his second term from 1928 to 1930.

Argentine politician of the Radical Civic Union and two-time President of Argentina, who served his first term from 1916 to 1922 and his second term from 1928 to 1930.

Constitution Plaza station in 1920. Yrigoyen lived on the nearby Avenida Brasil until his death in 1933. Years later, his house was demolished to make way for the Arturo Frondizi Highway
Hipólito Yrigoyen in 1893
Ruins of Las Flores estancia, nearby one of Yrigoyen's properties
Plaque in the Constitución neighborhood of Buenos Aires, where Yrigoyen's house was located
Hipólito Yrigoyen, revolutionary leader 1893. Sketch by Eduardo Sojo, published in the magazine Don Quijote.
Revolutionary Army Troops after their training in Temperley (1893)
Leandro N. Alem, the uncle of Yrigoyen, and a role model that he followed. In 1896, after Alem's suicide, Yrigoyen would become more isolated than ever.
Commissary Julián Bourdeu of the Policía de la Capital (Buenos Aires, Argentina) and part of the staff of the 27th precinct, days after the Radical Party revolution, a photo published by the Argentine magazine Caras y Caretas in its 11 February 1905 issue.
Results of the 1916 Argentine General Election
1916 Argentine Elections, the first in the country's history to feature guaranteed secret, universal, and mandatory male suffrage

To this end, he designed the plans for a Central Bank in order to nationalize foreign trade, founded the energy company YPF, and placed controls on the concessions of the foreign businesses that managed the country's railroads.

Comodoro Rivadavia

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City in the Patagonian province of Chubut in southern Argentina, located on the San Jorge Gulf, an inlet of the Atlantic Ocean, at the foot of the Chenque Hill.

City in the Patagonian province of Chubut in southern Argentina, located on the San Jorge Gulf, an inlet of the Atlantic Ocean, at the foot of the Chenque Hill.

Commodore Martín Rivadavia
The Huergo Chalet, built in 1919, hosted numerous official gatherings
San Juan Bosco Cathedral
Campus of the National University of Patagonia San Juan Bosco
Panoramic view of the city.
The Casino Club Comodoro, part of a growing tourism sector
The PCR petrochemical company, a leading local employer
Viteaux and Chenque Hills, the city's most distinctive geographic features
The Port Zone from Chenque Hill
The Comodoro Rivadavia wind farm
Map of a nearby track, Autódromo General San Martín

It was opened in 1987 by the state-owned oil company YPF.

Illia, May 1965

Arturo Umberto Illia

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Argentine politician and physician, who was President of Argentina from 12 October 1963, to 28 June 1966.

Argentine politician and physician, who was President of Argentina from 12 October 1963, to 28 June 1966.

Illia, May 1965
House in Cruz del Eje, in the Córdoba province, where Illia worked as a doctor for 30 years, today a museum.
Illia voting in 1963.
Illia and Ongania after assuming the presidency.
Arturo Illia with the presidential sash.
Illia with Agostino Rocca.
Illia with Adrianita Taddey.
Illia with the Chilean president, Eduardo Frei Montalva in Mendoza.
Arturo Illia and Silvia Martorell with the Shah and the Queen consort of Iran.
Caricature of the presidential assumption of illia.
Protest against illia.
Illia leaving the Casa Rosada.
Illia leaving Government House amid a crowd.
Ex-president Arturo Illia in 1970.
The ex-president of Argentina, Arturo Illia, in the Province of Misiones with a mate in one hand.
Arturo Illia's house museum.
portrait of illia.

Frondizi had begun, during his 1958–62 presidency, a policy of oil exploration based on concessions of oil wells to foreign private corporations, leaving the state oil company Yacimientos Petrolíferos Fiscales (YPF) the sole responsibility of exploration and buying oil from private extractors.

Chubut Province

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Province in southern Argentina, situated between the 42nd parallel south (the border with Río Negro Province), the 46th parallel south (bordering Santa Cruz Province), the Andes range to the west, and the Atlantic ocean to the east.

Province in southern Argentina, situated between the 42nd parallel south (the border with Río Negro Province), the 46th parallel south (bordering Santa Cruz Province), the Andes range to the west, and the Atlantic ocean to the east.

Argentine Geological Society founder Dr. Victorio Angelelli (2nd from right), ca. 1950, whose study of Chubut's mineral wealth identified resources for economic development.
Government House.
Trevelin.
Köppen climate map of Chubut, Argentina
Cholila Lake.
Los Altares.
The town of Esquel.
Rada Tilly, on the Atlantic Ocean.
Southern right whale in Península Valdés, its preferred sanctuary.
Departments of the Province of Chubut.

On May 21, 2014, Miguel Galuccio of YPF and Chubut Governor Martin Buzzi announced the first unconventional oil and gas discovery in Chubut from a fracked well in the Early Cretaceous D-129 formation of the Golfo San Jorge basin.

Arturo Frondizi

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Argentine lawyer, journalist, teacher and politician, who was elected President of Argentina and ruled between May 1, 1958 and March 29, 1962, when he was overthrown by a military coup.

Argentine lawyer, journalist, teacher and politician, who was elected President of Argentina and ruled between May 1, 1958 and March 29, 1962, when he was overthrown by a military coup.

The frondizi brothers, Silvio, Liduvina, Arturo and Risieri; 1915.
Arturo Frondizi (4th from left to right) during his tenure on Club Almagro where he played in the 4th division.
Frondizi and his family In their house called Elenita, built by them.
Photo of the frondizi family in 1938.
Frondizi and Ricardo Balbín.
Arturo Frondizi on the UCR committee.
Arturo Frondizi on cover of Qué!, May 1947.
The famous Frondizi-Frigerio duo.
Official photo of former President of Argentina, using the presidential sash.
Frondizi giving the first inauguration speech.
President Arturo Frondizi with secretary Rogelio Frigerio in La Quinta de Olivos, 1958.
The Kaiser Carabela automobile produced by Industrias Kaiser Argentina and marketed between 1958 and 1962.
The president testing an Argentina built DKW Auto Union 1000.
Highrises in Mar del Plata dating from the Frondizi era, when modern architecture came into vogue locally.
Worker-student mobilization. Buenos Aires 1959.
Frondizi observes the student protests from the balcony of the pink house, with their slogans "Lay or free."
The Frondizis in 1960.
Frondizi with the Uruguayan president, Eduardo Víctor Haedo.
Arturo Frondizi during a visit to Chile in 1961 is received by President Jorge Alessandri.
Janio Quadros and Arturo Frondizi.
Arturo Frondizi with Adolfo López Mateos.
Frondizi with the kings of the Netherlands.
Arturo Frondizi with John XXIII.
Charles de Gaulle with Arturo Frondizi.
Arturo Frondizi in Kyoto, Japan.
Frondizi and Eisenhower in Ezeiza.
in Bariloche.
Frondizi and JFK.
Frondizi and Kennedy.
Frondizi and Fidel Castro.
Che reading La Nación.
Gift from Premier Sukarno to President Arturo Frondizi.
On a trip to Antarctica, March 1961.
On Deception Island, President Arturo Frondizi gives a speech that is broadcast by radio.
President Arturo Frondizi is taken prisoner.
Frondizi in 1980.
Frondizi with his advisor Rogelio Frigerio, during a meeting of their political party, the MID, in October 1984.
Frondizi with Peron.
After the return of democracy, the former president of Argentina, Arturo Frondizi, meets with the then president after the last Argentine dictatorship Raúl Alfonsín, and with Isabel Perón, who was also president of the country.
Frondizi bust in the busts room of the Casa Rosada.
Arturo Frondizi hat and glasses.
Plaque in honor of Arturo Frondizi, La Plata.
Coat of arms of Arturo Frondizi as Knight Collar of the Order of Isabella the Catholic (Spain).
Several allegorical City keys that President Arturo Frondizi received in various visits to the interior of the country.

His multiple political commitments did not prevent him from dedicating himself to intellectual activity, which is how at the end of 1954 he published Petroleum and Politics, a book-complaint on the activity of oil companies in Argentina, and spoke of YPF's monopoly on the oil sector.

1928 Argentine general election

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Held on 1 April, with a turnout of 80.9%.

Held on 1 April, with a turnout of 80.9%.

Former President Hipólito Yrigoyen works the crowd in a 1926 rally. Nostalgia for the charismatic populist brought UCR voters back into his fold in 1928.
Yrigoyen
Bravo
Matienzo

Yrigoyen had further built on this sentiment by focusing debate in the closing days of the campaign on the future of YPF, thereby presenting himself as its best defense against the oil concern's chief antagonist, Standard Oil.