Yamasee War

Yemassee WarYamaseeYamassee WarPocotaligo MassacreTugaloo MassacreYamasee uprising
The Yamassee War was a conflict fought in South Carolina from 1715–1717 between British settlers from the Province of Carolina and the Yamasee and a number of other allied Native American peoples, including the Muscogee, Cherokee, Catawba, Apalachee, Apalachicola, Yuchi, Savannah River Shawnee, Congaree, Waxhaw, Pee Dee, Cape Fear, Cheraw, and others.wikipedia
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Cherokee

Cherokee IndiansCherokee peopleCherokees
The Yamassee War was a conflict fought in South Carolina from 1715–1717 between British settlers from the Province of Carolina and the Yamasee and a number of other allied Native American peoples, including the Muscogee, Cherokee, Catawba, Apalachee, Apalachicola, Yuchi, Savannah River Shawnee, Congaree, Waxhaw, Pee Dee, Cape Fear, Cheraw, and others.
In January 1716, Cherokee murdered a delegation of Muscogee Creek leaders at the town of Tugaloo, marking their entry into the Yamasee War.

Yamasee

YamasseeYamasee IndianYemassee
The Yamassee War was a conflict fought in South Carolina from 1715–1717 between British settlers from the Province of Carolina and the Yamasee and a number of other allied Native American peoples, including the Muscogee, Cherokee, Catawba, Apalachee, Apalachicola, Yuchi, Savannah River Shawnee, Congaree, Waxhaw, Pee Dee, Cape Fear, Cheraw, and others.
In 1715, the Yamasee joined an intertribal war against the British, triggering the Yamasee War, which lasted until at least 1717.

Charleston, South Carolina

CharlestonCharleston, SCCharles Town
Colonists abandoned the frontiers and fled to Charles Town, where starvation set in as supplies ran low.
Native Americans and pirates both raided it, though the Yamasee War of the 1710s did not quite reach it.

Colonial American military history

Rangerscolonialconflicts of colonial America
The Yamassee War was one of the most disruptive and transformational conflicts of colonial America.
Military actions in the colonies were the result of conflicts with Native Americans in the early years of the British colonization of North America, such as in the Anglo-Powhatan Wars between 1610 and 1646, the Pequot War of 1637, King Philip's War in 1675, the Susquehannock war in 1675–77, and the Yamasee War in 1715.

Apalachicola people

ApalachicolaApalachicola tribeApalachicola (tribe)
The Yamassee War was a conflict fought in South Carolina from 1715–1717 between British settlers from the Province of Carolina and the Yamasee and a number of other allied Native American peoples, including the Muscogee, Cherokee, Catawba, Apalachee, Apalachicola, Yuchi, Savannah River Shawnee, Congaree, Waxhaw, Pee Dee, Cape Fear, Cheraw, and others.
In the Yamasee War of 1715, the Apalachicola joined in the Native American attacks on South Carolina.

Slavery among Native Americans in the United States

Indian slaveryslaveryIndian slave trade
Factors included the trading system, trader abuses, the Indian slave trade, the depletion of deer, increasing Indian debts in contrast to increasing wealth among some colonists, the spread of rice plantation agriculture, French power in Louisiana offering an alternative to British trade, long-established Indian links to Spanish Florida, power struggles among Indian groups, and recent experiences in military collaboration among previously distant tribes.
It gave rise to a series of devastating wars among the tribes, including the Yamasee War.

Cusabo

Cusabo peopleCusaboeEdisto Band
Tribes that sent warriors to South Carolina's militia included the Yamasee, Catawba, Yuchi, Apalachee, Cusabo, Wateree, Sugaree, Waxhaw, Congraree, Pee Dee, Cape Fear, Cheraw, Sissipahaw, Cherokee, and various proto-Creek groups.
After the Yamasee War of 1715, surviving tribal members migrated to join the Creek or Catawba.

Muscogee

CreekCreek IndiansMuscogee Creek
The Yamassee War was a conflict fought in South Carolina from 1715–1717 between British settlers from the Province of Carolina and the Yamasee and a number of other allied Native American peoples, including the Muscogee, Cherokee, Catawba, Apalachee, Apalachicola, Yuchi, Savannah River Shawnee, Congaree, Waxhaw, Pee Dee, Cape Fear, Cheraw, and others.
With Florida depopulated, English traders paid other tribes to attack and enslave the Yamasee, leading to the Yamassee War of 1715–17.

Province of Carolina

CarolinaCarolina ColonyCarolinas
The Yamassee War was a conflict fought in South Carolina from 1715–1717 between British settlers from the Province of Carolina and the Yamasee and a number of other allied Native American peoples, including the Muscogee, Cherokee, Catawba, Apalachee, Apalachicola, Yuchi, Savannah River Shawnee, Congaree, Waxhaw, Pee Dee, Cape Fear, Cheraw, and others.
This circumstance, coupled with the Tuscarora War and the Yamasee War, and the inability of the Lords Proprietors to act decisively, led to separate governments for North and South Carolina.

Province of North Carolina

North CarolinaNorth Carolina ColonyRoyal Colony of North Carolina
The Tuscarora were an Iroquoian-speaking tribe of the interior, and they began attacking colonial settlements of North Carolina in 1711.
Expansion westward began early in the 18th century from the province's seats of power on the coast, particularly after the conclusion of the Tuscarora and Yamasee wars, in which the largest barrier was removed to colonial settlement farther inland.

Cheraw

SarawSauraCheraw (tribe)
The Yamassee War was a conflict fought in South Carolina from 1715–1717 between British settlers from the Province of Carolina and the Yamasee and a number of other allied Native American peoples, including the Muscogee, Cherokee, Catawba, Apalachee, Apalachicola, Yuchi, Savannah River Shawnee, Congaree, Waxhaw, Pee Dee, Cape Fear, Cheraw, and others.
In 1715, Cheraw warriors joined other Southeastern tribes in the Yamasee War to fight against European enslavement of Indians, mistreatment, and encroachment on their territory.

Pedee people

Pee DeePedeePee Dee people
The Yamassee War was a conflict fought in South Carolina from 1715–1717 between British settlers from the Province of Carolina and the Yamasee and a number of other allied Native American peoples, including the Muscogee, Cherokee, Catawba, Apalachee, Apalachicola, Yuchi, Savannah River Shawnee, Congaree, Waxhaw, Pee Dee, Cape Fear, Cheraw, and others.
The political relationships formed between the Pedee and other tribes in the area at this time carried over into their alliances of the Yamasee War.

Wateree people

Wateree
Tribes that sent warriors to South Carolina's militia included the Yamasee, Catawba, Yuchi, Apalachee, Cusabo, Wateree, Sugaree, Waxhaw, Congraree, Pee Dee, Cape Fear, Cheraw, Sissipahaw, Cherokee, and various proto-Creek groups.
Originally a large tribe, they were diminished by the Yamasee War of 1715 and became extinct as a tribe by the end of the century.

Apalachee

Apalachee IndiansApalacheApalachee People
The Yamassee War was a conflict fought in South Carolina from 1715–1717 between British settlers from the Province of Carolina and the Yamasee and a number of other allied Native American peoples, including the Muscogee, Cherokee, Catawba, Apalachee, Apalachicola, Yuchi, Savannah River Shawnee, Congaree, Waxhaw, Pee Dee, Cape Fear, Cheraw, and others.
Following the Yamasee War the New Windsor band joined the Lower Creek, and many returned to Florida.

Congaree people

CongareeCongaree Indians
The Yamassee War was a conflict fought in South Carolina from 1715–1717 between British settlers from the Province of Carolina and the Yamasee and a number of other allied Native American peoples, including the Muscogee, Cherokee, Catawba, Apalachee, Apalachicola, Yuchi, Savannah River Shawnee, Congaree, Waxhaw, Pee Dee, Cape Fear, Cheraw, and others.
During the Yamasee War of 1715, the Congaree joined with other tribes in the fight against the colony of South Carolina.

Yemassee, South Carolina

YemasseeYemassee, Beaufort County, South Carolina
The government sent a party to the main Upper Yamasee town of Pocotaligo (near present-day Yemassee, South Carolina).
The town takes its name from the Native American tribe of the same name, the Yamasee, which was the most important Indian ally of South Carolina until the Yamasee War of 1715.

Sissipahaw

Saxapahaw
Tribes that sent warriors to South Carolina's militia included the Yamasee, Catawba, Yuchi, Apalachee, Cusabo, Wateree, Sugaree, Waxhaw, Congraree, Pee Dee, Cape Fear, Cheraw, Sissipahaw, Cherokee, and various proto-Creek groups.
Their last mention in history is that the tribe joined the Yamasee against the English colonists in the Yamasee War of 1715.

Spanish Florida

FloridaLa FloridaSecond Spanish Period
Factors included the trading system, trader abuses, the Indian slave trade, the depletion of deer, increasing Indian debts in contrast to increasing wealth among some colonists, the spread of rice plantation agriculture, French power in Louisiana offering an alternative to British trade, long-established Indian links to Spanish Florida, power struggles among Indian groups, and recent experiences in military collaboration among previously distant tribes.
British Carolina's power was damaged and the colony nearly destroyed during the Yamasee War of 1715–1717, after which the Native American slave trade was radically reformed.

Francis Le Jau

The Anglican missionary Francis Le Jau stated that on May 15th South Carolinian force of 90 cavalry under Captain Thomas Barker, many of them Le Jau's parishioners, went north in response.
Other major events in the history of the colony that he lived through and described were the Tuscarora War of 1711 and the Yamasee War of 1715.

John Barnwell (colonist)

John BarnwellCol. John BarnwellColonel John Barnwell
One war party attacked the settlements of Port Royal, but Seymour Burroughs had managed to reach the plantation of John Barnwell and a general alarm had been raised.
In 1715 the Yamasee War broke out between colonists of South Carolina and the Yamasee and allied tribes.

Port Royal Sound

Broad RiverPort Royal
They lived near the mouth of the Savannah River and around Port Royal Sound.
After the Yamasee War of 1715 they, and many other Indians of the Port Royal regions, moved south of the Savannah River, mostly becoming Spanish allies.

Santee River

SanteeSouth Santee RiverRiver Santee
Some participated in Catawba attacks on South Carolina's Santee River settlements.
After suffering a defeat by the English and their allies during the Yamasee War in 1715–1716, the Santee were relocated.

Colonial period of South Carolina

colonial South CarolinaColony of South Carolinacolonial times
During the Yamasee War of 1715-1717, South Carolina faced near annihilation due to Native American attacks.

Seminole

SeminolesSeminole IndiansSeminole Nation
The survivors either became part of the Seminole or the Hitchiti.
Native American refugees from northern wars, such as the Yuchi and Yamasee after the Yamasee War in South Carolina, migrated into Spanish Florida in the early 18th century.