Yanquetruz

Map of the 1833 desert campaign

Famous Ranquel warrior who fought the Europeans in the pampas of what is now Argentina in the early nineteenth century.

- Yanquetruz

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Ranquel

Indigenous tribe from the northern part of La Pampa Province, Argentina, in South America.

Their leader at that time was Yanquetruz, and they put up a skilled defense, making good use of the desert terrain.

Nazario Benavídez

Argentine soldier who rose to the rank of Brigadier General and played a leading role in the Argentine Civil Wars.

Oil portrait of Nazario Benavidez painted by Franklin Rawson, 1843
Facundo Quiroga, "El tigre de los llanos", Benavídez's commander and a witness at his wedding
Gregorio Aráoz de Lamadrid, a leader of the Unitarian forces
Justo José de Urquiza, whom Benavídez came to support
Domingo Faustino Sarmiento, a Liberal opponent who respected Benavídez

In 1833 Benavídez fought with Colonel Martín Yanzón on the staff of the second Auxiliary regiment of the Andes in the desert campaign, gaining victory over the local Mapuche chief Yanquetruz.

Desert Campaign (1833–1834)

Military campaign in Argentina led by Juan Manuel de Rosas against the indigenous people of the southern Pampas and northern Patagonia.

Indians attacking Argentine soldiers (gauchos from the militia)
Map of Campaign Operations

The Ranquels were led by the famous warrior Yanquetruz, skilled in hit and run tactics.

José Félix Aldao

Argentine Dominican friar and soldier who became a General and then the undisputed Federist caudillo of Mendoza Province.

Portrait by Fernando García del Molino (detail)

This column gained a partial victory over the Ranquel chief Yanquetruz in fierce fighting on 31 March and 1 April 1833.

Martín Yanzón

Argentine soldier and caudillo who died fighting against the supporters of the dictator Juan Manuel de Rosas.

This column gained a partial victory over the Ranquel chief Yanquetruz.

Manuel Baigorria

Soldier who fought in the Argentine Civil Wars.

He became a close friend of their chief Yanquetruz, who named his eldest son Baigorrita (little Baigorria).

Pablo Lucero

Pablo Lucero (c.

He was seriously wounded during a raid by the Ranquel chief Yanquetruz on San Luis in November 1832.