Yarn

threadcotton yarnyarnsthreadsknitting yarnSewing threadstringFilament yarn manufacturingknitting yarnsS- and Z-twist yarns
Yarn is a long continuous length of interlocked fibres, suitable for use in the production of textiles, sewing, crocheting, knitting, weaving, embroidery, or ropemaking.wikipedia
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Knitting

knitknittedknitters
Yarn is a long continuous length of interlocked fibres, suitable for use in the production of textiles, sewing, crocheting, knitting, weaving, embroidery, or ropemaking.
Knitting is a method by which yarn is manipulated to create a textile or fabric; it is used in many types of garments.

Crochet

crochetingcrochetedcircular knit
Yarn is a long continuous length of interlocked fibres, suitable for use in the production of textiles, sewing, crocheting, knitting, weaving, embroidery, or ropemaking.
Crochet is a process of creating textiles by using a crochet hook to interlock loops of yarn, thread, or strands of other materials.

Sewing

seamstresssewnsew
Yarn is a long continuous length of interlocked fibres, suitable for use in the production of textiles, sewing, crocheting, knitting, weaving, embroidery, or ropemaking.
Sewing is the craft of fastening or attaching objects using stitches made with a needle and thread.

Weaving

weaverweaverswoven
Yarn is a long continuous length of interlocked fibres, suitable for use in the production of textiles, sewing, crocheting, knitting, weaving, embroidery, or ropemaking.
Weaving is a method of textile production in which two distinct sets of yarns or threads are interlaced at right angles to form a fabric or cloth.

Rope

cordagecordropemaker
Yarn is a long continuous length of interlocked fibres, suitable for use in the production of textiles, sewing, crocheting, knitting, weaving, embroidery, or ropemaking.
A rope is a group of yarns, plies, fibers or strands that are twisted or braided together into a larger and stronger form.

Embroidery

embroideredembroidererembroider
Yarn is a long continuous length of interlocked fibres, suitable for use in the production of textiles, sewing, crocheting, knitting, weaving, embroidery, or ropemaking.
Embroidery is the craft of decorating fabric or other materials using a needle to apply thread or yarn.

Thread (yarn)

threadthreadsfilament
Thread is a type of yarn intended for sewing by hand or machine.
Thread is a type of yarn but similarly used for sewing.

Sewing machine

sewing machinesmachinefoot
Thread is a type of yarn intended for sewing by hand or machine.
A sewing machine is a machine used to sew fabric and other materials together with thread.

Embroidery thread

embroidery flossflossthread
Embroidery threads are yarns specifically designed for needlework.
Embroidery thread is yarn that is manufactured or hand-spun specifically for embroidery and other forms of needlework.

Textile

textilesfabriccloth
Yarn is a long continuous length of interlocked fibres, suitable for use in the production of textiles, sewing, crocheting, knitting, weaving, embroidery, or ropemaking. The most common plant fiber is cotton, which is typically spun into fine yarn for mechanical weaving or knitting into cloth.
A textile is a flexible material consisting of a network of natural or artificial fibers (yarn or thread).

Cotton

cotton woolcotton industrycotton fiber
The most common plant fiber is cotton, which is typically spun into fine yarn for mechanical weaving or knitting into cloth. Other natural fibers that can be used for yarn include linen and cotton.
The fiber is most often spun into yarn or thread and used to make a soft, breathable textile.

Mohair

TonicTonikLargest mohair producer
Other animal fibers used include alpaca, angora, mohair, llama, cashmere, and silk.
Mohair is a fabric or yarn made from the hair of the Angora goat (not to be confused with the Angora rabbit which produces Angora wool).

Wool

fleecewool tradefleeces
The most commonly spun animal fiber is wool harvested from sheep.
In contrast, hair has little if any scale and no crimp, and little ability to bind into yarn.

Chiengora

Chiengora wooldog
More rarely, yarn may be spun from camel, yak, possum, musk ox, vicuña, cat, dog, wolf, rabbit, or bison hair, and even chinchilla as well as turkey or ostrich feathers.
Chiengora is a yarn or wool spun from dog hair.

Linen

FlaxLinen clotheslinen cloth
Other natural fibers that can be used for yarn include linen and cotton.
This word history has given rise to a number of other terms in English, most notably line, from the use of a linen (flax) thread to determine a straight line.

Spinning (textiles)

spinningcotton spinningspun
Twisting fibres into yarn in the process called spinning can be dated back to the Upper Paleolithic, and yarn spinning was one of the very first processes to be industrialized.
The yarn issuing from the drafting rollers passes through a thread-guide, round a traveller that is free to rotate around a ring, and then onto a tube or bobbin, which is carried on a spindle, the axis of which passes through a center of the ring.

Mercerised cotton

mercerisationmercerisedmercerized cotton
In general, natural fibers tend to require more careful handling than synthetics because they can shrink, felt, stain, shed, fade, stretch, wrinkle, or be eaten by moths more readily, unless special treatments such as mercerization or superwashing are performed to strengthen, fix color, or otherwise enhance the fiber's own properties.
Mercerisation is a textile finishing treatment for cellulose fabric and yarn, mainly cotton and flax, which improves dye uptake and tear strength, reduces fabric shrinkage, and imparts a silk-like luster.

Natural dye

vegetable dyenatural dyesdye
Yarn may be used undyed, or may be coloured with natural or artificial dyes.
Textile fibre may be dyed before spinning ("dyed in the wool"), but most textiles are "yarn-dyed" or "piece-dyed" after weaving.

Plying

pliedplyplies
These strands of yarn are twisted together (plied) in the opposite direction to make a thicker yarn.
In the textile arts, plying is a process used to create a strong, balanced yarn.

Units of textile measurement

denierOldham countsthread count
Synthetic fiber is most often measured in a weight per linear measurement basis, along with cut length.
Applied to yarn, a denier was held to be equal in weight to 1/24 oz.

Yarn weight

weightfingering yarnweights
There are several thicknesses of craft yarn, also referred to as weight.
Yarn weight refers to the thickness of yarn used by knitters, weavers, crocheters and other fiber artists.

Electrically conducting yarn

An electrically conducting yarn is a yarn that conducts electricity.

Taslanizing

taslan
Texturized yarns are made by a process of air texturizing filament yarns (sometimes referred to as taslanizing), which combines multiple filament yarns into a yarn with some of the characteristics of spun yarns.
Taslanizing or taslanising is a process for making air-textured yarns.

Gauge (knitting)

gaugeuneven knittinggauge/tension of the knitting
Labels on yarn for handicrafts often include information on gauge, known in the UK as tension, which is a measurement of how many stitches and rows are produced per inch or per cm on a specified size of knitting needle or crochet hook.
The gauge of a knitted fabric depends on the pattern of stitches in the fabric, the kind of yarn, the size of knitting needles, and the tension of the individual knitter (i.e., how much yarn they allow between stitches).

Textile manufacturing

textile millTextile Engineeringtextile mills
It is based on the conversion of fibre into yarn, yarn into fabric.