Yeshiva

Mir Yeshiva (Jerusalem) – largest yeshiva in the world
A typical bet midrash – Yeshivas Ner Yisroel, Baltimore
Chavrusas in study – Yeshiva Gedola of Carteret
Morning seder, Or-Yisrael - a yeshiva founded by the Chazon Ish
Shiur in memory of Rav Aharon Lichtenstein at Yeshivat Har Etzion, a Hesder yeshiva
Rabbinical students in shiur, Jerusalem
Shiur klali, Slabodka Yeshiva
A depiction of Sura (from Beit Hatefutsot)
Volozhin yeshiva, “mother of the yeshivas”
Mir yeshiva
Ponevezh Yeshiva in Bnei Brak, Israel
Chachmei Lublin Yeshiva, now a national monument
The Breslov Yeshiva in Mea Shearim, Jerusalem.
Satmar Yeshiva in Brooklyn, New York.
Bobov Kollel in Jerusalem
Geula branch of Porat Yosef Yeshiva.
Kisse Rahamim yeshivah, Bnei Brak
JTS building in Manhattan
Reconstructionist Rabbinical College
Beth Medrash Govoha, Lakewood, New Jersey – largest yeshiva outside Israel.
Mercaz Harav, Jerusalem
Kollel Birkat Yitzhak, Moscow
Mir Yeshiva in Brooklyn
Mincha, Yeshiva Centre, Melbourne
Talmud Torah, Russia, 1937
Yeshiva High School, Tel Aviv, 1938
"Cheder"-class in Talmud, Tel Aviv, 1946.
Bet Midrash, Yeshivat Kerem B'Yavneh
Gemara, the first page of tractate Rosh Hashanah
A full set of the Babylonian Talmud
Chavrusas learning beki'ut, recording their summary of each sugya alongside its Mishnah
Set of Mishneh Torah
Cover of the first edition of Mesillat Yesharim.
Chumash with Mikraot Gedolot
Chumash with Yiddish translation

Traditional Jewish educational institution focused on the study of Rabbinic literature, primarily the Talmud and halacha (Jewish law), while Torah and Jewish philosophy are studied in parallel.

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Kollel

Institute for full-time, advanced study of the Talmud and rabbinic literature.

Kollel Birkat Yitzchak in Moscow

Like a yeshiva, a kollel features shiurim (lectures) and learning sedarim (sessions); unlike a yeshiva, the student body of a kollel consists mostly of married men.

Talmud Torah

Elementary education in Hebrew, the scriptures (especially the Torah), and the Talmud (and halakha).

Talmud Torah in Mea She'arim
Pupa Talmud Torah in Williamsburg
Talmud Torah in Samarkand
A teacher and a student in a Talmud Torah, Bnei Brak, 1965
Torah study in Yemen - 1929
Etz Chaim Talmud Torah, Jerusalem, Israel
Talmud Torah in Duluth

This was meant to prepare them for yeshiva or, particularly in the movement's modern form, for Jewish education at a high school level.

Shiur (Torah)

Lecture on any Torah topic, such as Gemara, Mishnah, Halakha (Jewish law), Tanakh (Bible), etc.

Shiur klali, Slabodka Yeshiva
Gemara Shiur, Toras Emes Yeshiva
Rabbinical Shiur, Jerusalem
Public Shiur: Ovadia Yosef, Bar-Ilan University, Machon synagogue
Memorial Shiur on the Yarzheit of Rav Aharon Lichtenstein at Yeshivat Har Etzion
Yom iyun, Midreshet Oryah (click to enlarge)
Sicha, Ulpana students
Drosha - Rabbi Eliezer Shlomo Schick, Yavne'el Synagogue

Concurrently, the word came to refer to the daily study quotient for students of a yeshiva, and then to the lecture given thereon.

Cheder

Traditional elementary school teaching the basics of Judaism and the Hebrew language.

Jewish "Cheder" in Sana'a 1929
Cheder in Meiron, Palestine, Ottoman Empire, 1912
A Cheder in Bnei Brak, Israel, 1965
Cheder in Samarkand, Russian Turkestan, early 20th century
"Joods Kindergemeenschap Cheider" in Amsterdam, Netherlands, 2007

Those who wanted to go on to become a rabbi or sofer had to continue their studies at an yeshiva (Talmud university).

Beth midrash

Hall dedicated for Torah study, often translated as a "study hall."

A typical Beth Midrash, Yeshivas Ner Yisroel, Baltimore.
Zal, Toras Emes Yeshiva, Jerusalem
Beth Midrash - Machon HaGavoah LeTorah, Bar-Ilan University

In Lithuanian yeshivas the beth midrash will have shtenders (standing desks resembling lecterns; the Yiddish word is derived from the German Ständer).

Lithuanian Jews

Lithuanian Jews or Litvaks are Jews with roots in the territory of the former Grand Duchy of Lithuania (covering present-day Lithuania, Belarus, Latvia, the northeastern Suwałki and Białystok regions of Poland, as well as adjacent areas of modern-day Russia and Ukraine).

Map showing percentage of Jews in the Pale of Settlement in the Russian Empire c. 1905.
Portrait of Lithuanian yeshiva students
LITVISH. An Atlas of Northeastern Yiddish by Dovid Katz. Cartography by Giedre Beconyte

There were over 110 synagogues and 10 yeshivas in Vilnius alone.

Educational institution

Place where people of different ages gain an education, including preschools, childcare, primary-elementary schools, secondary-high schools, and universities.

Young children in a kindergarten in Japan

Yeshiva

Chavrusa

Traditional rabbinic approach to Talmudic study in which a small group of students (usually 2-5) analyze, discuss, and debate a shared text.

Chavrusas (study partners) sit opposite each other or side by side in the beis medrash of Yeshiva Gedola of Carteret
Tumult day in Beth Medrash Govoha.
Women students engaged in chavrusa-style study at Midreshet Shilat in Israel

It is a primary learning method in yeshivas and kollels, where students often engage regular study partners of similar knowledge and ability, and is also practiced by those outside the yeshiva setting, in work, home, and vacation settings.

Jewish education

Transmission of the tenets, principles, and religious laws of Judaism.

A Jewish father teaching a child in 19th-century Podolia.
Jewish children of a "cheder" in Sana'a Yemen, 1929

After the formal court system was abolished, yeshivot became the main places for Torah study.

Mesivta

Mesivta, Yeshiva Rabbi Chaim Berlin
Haredi Mesivta student
Gemara class, Hasidic yeshiva
Bet Midrash, Yeshiva Tichonit
Yeshiva University High School For Boys
Yeshiva Rabbi Samson Raphael Hirsch
Torah Vodaas Mesivta

Mesivta (also 'metivta'; Aramaic: מתיבתא, "academy") is an Orthodox Jewish yeshiva secondary school for boys.