Yom Tov Tzahalon

Yom Tov ben Moshe Tzahalon, (יום טוב בן משה צהלון), also known as the Maharitz, (c.

- Yom Tov Tzahalon

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Moshe Alshich

Prominent rabbi, preacher, and biblical commentator in the latter part of the sixteenth century.

Alshich's grave in Safed

His students included Rabbi Hayim Vital and Rabbi Yom Tov Tzahalon.

Shulchan Aruch

Most widely consulted of the various legal codes in Judaism.

Karo had already been opposed by several Sephardic contemporaries, Yom Tov Tzahalon, who designated the Shulchan Aruch as a book for "children and ignoramuses", and Jacob Castro, whose work Erekh ha-Shulchan consists of critical glosses to the Shulchan Aruch.

Semikhah

Semikhah (or semicha or smicha; סמיכה) traditionally refers to the ordination of a rabbi within Judaism.

Example semikhah certificate, Yadin Yadin, of Rabbi Aryeh Kaplan awarded by Rabbi Eliezer Yehuda Finkel. The wording, as is typical, states that the holder is learned in Shas (ש״ס) – i.e. has wide knowledge of Talmud – as well as in Rishonim and Acharonim – i.e. has deep knowledge of Halakha; the phrase "כל מן דין סמוכין לנא" is often included, and translates "anyone of this [caliber] may be ordained for us".

In the 1590s, Alshich ordained Hayyim Vital, and between the years 1594 and 1599, Jacob Berab II ordained seven more scholars: Moses Galante, Elazar Azikri, Moses Berab (Jacob's brother), Abraham Gabriel, Yom Tov Tzahalon, Hiyya Rofe and Jacob Abulafia.

Bezalel Ashkenazi

Bezalel ben Abraham Ashkenazi (בצלאל בן אברהם אשכנזי) (c.

Rabbi instructing children in 2004

Benjacob, i.36; David Conforte, Kore ha-Dorot (see index in Cassel ed.); Frumkin, Eben Shemuel, pp. 67 et seq., 125 et seq., Vilna, 1874; Michael, Or ha-Chaim, No. 612; Luncz, in Jerusalem, ii.23-27; Responsa of Yom-Tov Zahalon, No. 160.

Israel ben Moses Najara

Prolific Jewish liturgical poet, preacher, Biblical commentator, kabbalist (although this is disputed), and rabbi of Gaza.

As may be seen from his works, he was a versatile scholar, and he corresponded with many contemporary rabbis, among others with Bezaleel Ashkenazi, Yom-Ṭob Ẓahalon, Moses Hamon, and Menahem Ḥefeẓ.

Josiah ben Joseph Pinto

Josiah ben Joseph Pinto (c.

Some of his responsa are to be found in the collection of Yom-Ṭob Ẓahalon and in Aaron Alfandari's Yad Aharon. His unpublished works are: Kesef Nim'as, a commentary on Lamentations, Ḳebuẓẓat Kesef, a collection of civil laws and of laws concerning women, and a collection of responsa.

Simeon Kara

French rabbi who lived in Mans in the 11th century; brother of Menahem ben Ḥelbo and father of Joseph Ḳara.

Rabbi instructing children in 2004

Benjacob, i.36; David Conforte, Dore ha-Dorot (see index in Cassel ed.); Frumkin, Eben Shemuel, pp. 67 et seq., 125 et seq., Vilna, 1874; Michael, Or ha-Chaim, No. 612; Luncz, in Jerusalem, ii.23-27; Responsa of Yom-Tov Zahalon, No. 160.

Fir'im

Palestinian Arab village in the Safad Subdistrict that was depopulated during the 1948 Palestine war.

A depiction of Syria and Palestine from CE 650 to 1500

According to HaReuveni, Jews also lived in Fir'im in the 16th century, and the son of Rabbi Yom Tov Tzahalon died there.