Yoruba people

YorubaYorubasYorubanYorubalandNagoYorùbáNago peopleYoruba LandYoruba tribeYorubans
The Yorùbá people (Ìran Yorùbá) are an African ethnic group that inhabits western Africa.wikipedia
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Nigeria

Federal Republic of NigeriaNigerianNGA
The majority of this population is from Nigeria, where the Yorùbá make up 21% of the country's population, according to the CIA World Factbook, making them one of the largest ethnic groups in Africa.
The country is viewed as a multinational state as it is inhabited by 250 ethnic groups, of which the three largest are the Hausa, Igbo and Yoruba; these ethnic groups speak over 500 different native languages and are identified with a wide variety of cultures.

Demographics of Nigeria

NigerianNigeriademographics
The majority of this population is from Nigeria, where the Yorùbá make up 21% of the country's population, according to the CIA World Factbook, making them one of the largest ethnic groups in Africa.
The three largest ethnic groups are the Hausa 27.4% Fulani 6.3% of the population; along with the Yoruba 21% and Igbo 14.1%.

Nupe people

NupeNupelandNupes
The Yorùbá share borders with the very closely related Itsekiri to the south-east in the North West Niger delta, Bariba to the north in Benin and Nigeria, the Nupe also to the north and the Ebira to the northeast in central Nigeria.
The Nupe, traditionally called the Tapa by the neighbouring Yoruba, are an ethnic group located primarily in the Middle Belt and northern Nigeria, and are the dominant group in Niger State, an important minority in Kwara State and present in Kogi State as well.

List of ethnic groups of Africa

AfricanEast AfricansAfricans
The majority of this population is from Nigeria, where the Yorùbá make up 21% of the country's population, according to the CIA World Factbook, making them one of the largest ethnic groups in Africa. The Yorùbá people (Ìran Yorùbá) are an African ethnic group that inhabits western Africa.

Oyo Empire

OyoOld OyoOyo-Ile
As an ethnic description, the word "Yoruba" or initially as "Yarabawa" was originally in reference to the Oyo Empire whose capital city lay close to the banks of the Niger river to the south of Nupe and east of Borgu, and was said to be a Hausa exonym for the Oyo people as noted by Hugh Clapperton and Richard Lander.
The Oyo Empire was a Yoruba empire of what is today Benin and North central Nigeria.

Yorubaland

YorùbálandYorubaYoruba kingdom
As of the 7th century BCE the African peoples who lived in Yorubaland were not initially known as the Yoruba, although they shared a common ethnicity and language group.
Yorubaland (Ilẹ̀ Yorùbá) is the cultural region of the Yoruba people in West Africa.

Itsekiri people

ItsekiriItsekirisItsekri
The Yorùbá share borders with the very closely related Itsekiri to the south-east in the North West Niger delta, Bariba to the north in Benin and Nigeria, the Nupe also to the north and the Ebira to the northeast in central Nigeria. To the southeast are Itsekiri who live in the north-west end of the Niger delta.
Many people of Itsekiri descent also reside in the United Kingdom, the United States and Canada.The Itsekiris are closely related to the Yoruba of South Western Nigeria and more widely to the Urhobo (especially the Okpe) and Edo peoples.

West Africa

West AfricanWestWestern Africa
The Yorùbá people (Ìran Yorùbá) are an African ethnic group that inhabits western Africa.
Further east, Oyo arose as the dominant Yoruba state and the Aro Confederacy as a dominant Igbo state in modern-day Nigeria.

Egba people

EgbaEgbalandEgbas
The numerous Ijebu city-states to the west of Oyo and the Ẹgba communities, found in the forests below Ọyọ's savanna region, were notable exceptions.
The Egba people are a subgroup of the Yoruba people, an ethnic group of western Nigeria, a majority of whom are from the central part of Ogun State that is Ogun Central Senatorial District.

Ijebu Kingdom

IjebuAwujale of IjebulandJebu
The numerous Ijebu city-states to the west of Oyo and the Ẹgba communities, found in the forests below Ọyọ's savanna region, were notable exceptions.
Ijebu (also known as Jebu or Geebu ) was a Yoruba kingdom in pre-colonial Nigeria.

Ibadan

Ibadan, NigeriahistoryIbadan, Oyo State
For a long time also, Ibadan, one of the major Yoruba cities and founded in the 1800s, was the largest city in the whole of Sub Saharan Africa.
The principal inhabitants of the city are the Yorubas, as well as various communities from other parts of the country.

Ekiti people

EkitiÈkiti
Such councils were also well-developed among the northern Okun groups, the eastern Ekiti, and other groups falling under the Yoruba ethnic umbrella.
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7.889738292823873 ], [ 4.941186904907227, 7.896369660838984 ], [ 4.941186904907227, 7.896369660838984 ], [ 4.942045211791993, 7.8997703210986465 ], [ 4.942045211791993, 7.8997703210986465 ], [ 4.950536414980889, 7.903407402521691 ], [ 4.950536414980889, 7.903407402521691 ], [ 4.96650092303753, 7.9154794137381455 ], [ 4.96650092303753, 7.9154794137381455 ], [ 4.990745410323144, 7.93142766134179 ], [ 4.990745410323144, 7.93142766134179 ], [ 5.00086471438408, 7.946190513124485 ], [ 5.00086471438408, 7.946190513124485 ], [ 5.008074492216111, 7.951630897614408 ], [ 5.008074492216111, 7.951630897614408 ], [ 5.018030852079392, 7.9560511568850805 ], [ 5.018030852079392, 7.9560511568850805 ], [ 5.03225326538086, 7.9772977531802445 ], [ 5.03225326538086, 7.9772977531802445 ], [ 5.033626556396485, 7.982057731991789 ], [ 5.033626556396485, 7.982057731991789 ], [ 5.033283233642579, 7.996677320073621 ], [ 5.033283233642579, 7.996677320073621 ], [ 5.035686492919923, 8.005516816847868 ], [ 5.035686492919923, 8.005516816847868 ], [ 5.053453445434571, 8.023875158625891 ], [ 5.053453445434571, 8.023875158625891 ], [ 5.056602023541928, 8.031269256593884 ], [ 5.056602023541928, 8.031269256593884 ], [ 5.057533588260413, 8.039482881866235 ], [ 5.057810693979263, 8.039252818961664 ], [ 5.057804323732854, 8.039249499149678 ] ] ] } } ]} The Ekiti people are one of the largest historical subgroups of the larger Yoruba people of West Africa, located in Nigeria.

Okun people

OkunOkun land
Such councils were also well-developed among the northern Okun groups, the eastern Ekiti, and other groups falling under the Yoruba ethnic umbrella.
Okun peoples is the term generally used to describe groups of Yoruba-speaking communities in Kogi state, North-central Nigeria.

Slavery in Africa

African slave tradeAfrican slavesslave trade
The Oyo Empire under its oba, known as the Alaafin of Oyo, was active in the African slave trade during the 18th century.
Pawnship was a common practice throughout West Africa prior to European contact, including amongst the Akan people, the Ewe people, the Ga people, the Yoruba people, and the Edo people (in modified forms, it also existed amongst the Efik people, the Igbo people, the Ijaw people, and the Fon people).

Lagos

Lagos, NigeriaLagos Metropolitan AreaIsland
Today, Lagos (Èkó) invaded by Portuguese sailors, another major Yoruba city, with a population of over twenty million, remains the largest on the African continent.
Lagos was originally inhabited by the Awori subgroup of the Yoruba people in the 15th century.

Yoruba religion

YorubaYoruba mythologyYorùbá
The Yorùbá religion comprises the traditional religious and spiritual concepts and practices of the Yoruba people.
The Yoruba religion comprises the traditional religious and spiritual concepts and practice of the Yoruba people.

Fon people

FonFon statesFons
To the southwest are the Gbe speaking Mahi, Gun, Fon and Ewe who border Yoruba communities in Benin and Togo.
The oral history of the Fon further attributes the origins of the Fon people to the intermarrying between this migrating Allada-nu Aja group from the south with the Oyo-nu inhabitants in the (Yoruba) Kingdoms of the plateau.

Ifá

IfaOdu IfaAfá
Orunmila, for his part, reveals the past, gives solutions to problems in the present, and influences the future through the Ifa divination system, which is practised by oracle priests called Babalawos.
Ifá is a Yoruba religion and system of divination.

Samuel Johnson (Nigerian historian)

Samuel JohnsonReverend Samuel JohnsonS. Johnson
Gerontocratic leadership councils that guarded against the monopolization of power by a monarch were a trait of the Ẹgba, according to the eminent Ọyọ historian Reverend Samuel Johnson.
The Rev. Samuel Johnson (24 June 1846 – 29 April 1901) was an Anglican priest and historian of the Yoruba.

Niger Delta

Niger River DeltaOil RiversNiger
To the southeast are Itsekiri who live in the north-west end of the Niger delta.
Some 31 million people of more than 40 ethnic groups including the Bini, Efik, Esan, Ibibio, Igbo, Annang, Yoruba, Oron, Ijaw, Ikwerre, Abua/Odual, Itsekiri, Isoko, Urhobo, Ukwuani, Kalabari, Okrika, Ogoni and Obolo people, are among the inhabitants of the political Niger Delta, speaking about 250 different dialects.

Santería

SanteriaLucumiRegla de Ocha
This religion has found its way throughout the world and is now expressed in practices as varied as Candomblé in Brazil, Lucumí/Santería in Cuba and North America, Trinidad Orisha in Trinidad, Kélé in Saint Lucia and Oyotunji in North America, as well as in some aspects of Umbanda, Winti, Obeah, Vodun and a host of others.
Santería, also known as Regla de Ocha, La Regla de Ifá, or Lucumí, is an Afro-American religion of Yoruba origin that developed in Cuba among West African descendants.

Ìyál'ọ́jà

Iyaloja
They also often have at least one Iyaloja, or Lady of the Market, who is expected to represent their interests in the aristocratic council of oloyes at the palace.
However, it has more commonly been used to refer to a prominent traditional chieftaincy title among the Yoruba people.

Eshu

ExuEsuEsu Elegbara
Some widely known Orisa are Ogun, (a god of metal, war and victory), Sango or Jakuta (a god of thunder, lightning, fire and justice who manifests as a king and who always wields a double-edged axe that conveys his divine authority and power), Esu Elegbara (a trickster who serves as the sole messenger of the pantheon, and who conveys the wish of men to the gods.
Eshu (Yoruba: Èṣù, also known as Echú, Exu or Exú) is an Orisha in the Yoruba religion of the Yoruba people (originating from Yorubaland, an area in and around present-day Nigeria).

Monarch

kingSovereignkings
A family could be excluded from kingship and chieftaincy if any family member, servant, or slave belonging to the family committed a crime, such as theft, fraud, murder or rape.
So-called "sub-national monarchies" of varying sizes can be found all over the rest of the continent, e.g. the Yoruba city-state of Akure in south-western Nigeria is something of an elective monarchy: its reigning Oba having to be chosen by an electoral college of nobles, from amongst a finite collection of royal princes of the realm.

Candomblé

CandombleBrazilian CandombléBatuque
This religion has found its way throughout the world and is now expressed in practices as varied as Candomblé in Brazil, Lucumí/Santería in Cuba and North America, Trinidad Orisha in Trinidad, Kélé in Saint Lucia and Oyotunji in North America, as well as in some aspects of Umbanda, Winti, Obeah, Vodun and a host of others.
Candomblé developed in a creolization of traditional Yoruba, Fon, and Bantu beliefs brought from West and Central Africa by enslaved captives in the Portuguese Empire.