Young Communist League of Canada

Young Communist LeagueNational Federation of Labor YouthNational Federation of Labour YouthYouth Congress movement
The Young Communist League of Canada (YCL-LJC) is a Canadian Marxist-Leninist youth organization founded in 1922.wikipedia
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Communist Party of Canada

Communist PartyCommunistCanadian Communist Party
The organization is politically and ideologically united but organizationally independent from the Communist Party of Canada.
The party's first actions included establishing a youth organization, the Young Communist League of Canada, and solidarity efforts with the Soviet Union.

Fred Rose (politician)

Fred Roseone parliamentary delegate
YCL organizers in Montreal around that time included Fred Rose and Sam Carr, who would later become leaders of Canadian Communism.
In 1925, he became involved with the Young Communist League of Canada, and then joined the Communist Party of Canada while working in a canning factory.

Leslie Morris

Leslie Morris was the League's first General Secretary (serving from 1923 to 1924.) The League soon became a member of the Young Communist International (YCI), an international association of similar bodies from around the world.
He became a prominent figure in the party first as secretary of the Young Communist League of Canada from 1923 to 1924, and then as editor over the years of various Communist newspapers including The Worker, Daily Clarion, Daily Tribune and Canadian Tribune.

Young Communist International

Communist Youth InternationalCommunist International of YouthComintern Youth International
Leslie Morris was the League's first General Secretary (serving from 1923 to 1924.) The League soon became a member of the Young Communist International (YCI), an international association of similar bodies from around the world.

Elizabeth Rowley

Liz Rowley
One young activist during this time was future Party leader, Elizabeth Rowley.
Born in British Columbia in 1949, Rowley attended the University of Alberta in Edmonton, and was active with the Young Communist League of Canada.

Rebel Youth

The Young Worker
After the Spanish Civil War, the YCL continued its anti-fascist actions and published a newspaper, "The Young Worker" until the League and the Communist Party were banned in 1941.
Rebel Youth (Jeunesse militante) is the bilingual magazine of the Young Communist League of Canada (YCL), published beginning in the late 1980s and relaunched in 2005.

Labor-Progressive Party

Labor-ProgressiveLabor ProgressiveLabor–Progressive
Canadian Communists re-organized themselves as the Labor-Progressive Party while the YCL became the National Federation of Labor Youth.
The LPP had a youth wing, the National Federation of Labour Youth which had formerly been known as the Young Communist League.

World Federation of Democratic Youth

WFDYMovement of Marxist YouthWorld Federation of Democratic Youths
In November 1945, the NFLY was a founding member of the World Federation of Democratic Youth.

Marxism–Leninism

Marxism-LeninismMarxist-LeninistMarxist–Leninist
The Young Communist League of Canada (YCL-LJC) is a Canadian Marxist-Leninist youth organization founded in 1922.

War Measures Act

suspension of civil liberties
Founded in 1923 as the Young Workers League (YWL) due to the War Measures Act proscription of Communist and other radical organizations in Canada, the lifting of the Act in late 1923 saw the name change to its current form.

Soviet Union

SovietUSSRSoviets
Notably, the YCI included the USSR's Komsomol which served as the model for all other member organizations.

Komsomol

Young Communist LeagueCommunist Youth LeagueAll-Union Leninist Young Communist League
Notably, the YCI included the USSR's Komsomol which served as the model for all other member organizations.

October Revolution

Bolshevik RevolutionRussian Revolutionrevolution
The recent success of the October Revolution (which established the USSR) and the Western response to it had great impact on some Canadian workers.

Sam Carr

YCL organizers in Montreal around that time included Fred Rose and Sam Carr, who would later become leaders of Canadian Communism.

Great Depression

DepressionThe Great DepressionDepression era
The onset of the Great Depression inflicted great suffering and hardship on Canadians.

On-to-Ottawa Trek

Regina RiotOn to Ottawa TrekRegina Riots
The organization is of interest to students of left history for its role in the On-to-Ottawa Trek, the Mackenzie–Papineau Battalion and other youth and student struggles.

R. B. Bennett

Richard Bedford BennettRichard BennettBennett
Informed by Vancouver's mayor that the limited scope of the Municipal Council was ill-equipped to address their claims, the British Columbia branches of the YCL and the Communist Party of Canada together with the Camp Workers' Union decided to march on Ottawa, believing that only action on a national scale could motivate the Bennett Conservative government to hear their concerns.

Fascism

fascistfascistsFascist regime
Together with changing conditions domestically and internationally with the rise of Fascism, this led to a new conception of the YCL and its role in the struggle.

Japanese invasion of Manchuria

invasion of Manchuriainvaded Manchuriainvaded
With the Japanese invasion of Manchuria in 1931 and Fascist Italy's invasion of Ethiopia, Canadian Communists joined those sounding a warning against the growing threat fascism presented.

Second Italo-Ethiopian War

Second Italo-Abyssinian WarItalian invasion of Ethiopiainvasion of Ethiopia
With the Japanese invasion of Manchuria in 1931 and Fascist Italy's invasion of Ethiopia, Canadian Communists joined those sounding a warning against the growing threat fascism presented.

Université de Montréal

University of MontrealMontreal UniversityMontreal
Some right-wing students at the University of Montreal organized demonstrations against the League, which became violent, involving bricks being hurled.

Royal Canadian Mounted Police

RCMPMountieMounties
RCMP security bulletins show leading members of the YCL to have been enthusiastic proponents of the Congress and among its key organizers.

Anti-fascism

anti-fascistantifascistanti-Nazi
Antifascism became a major position of the Congress, and Congress representatives became involved in activities that supported Loyalist Spain which the YCL strongly championed.

Second Spanish Republic

Spanish RepublicRepublicanSecond Republic
Antifascism became a major position of the Congress, and Congress representatives became involved in activities that supported Loyalist Spain which the YCL strongly championed.

Francisco Franco

FrancoGeneral FrancoFrancoist
The first major battle against fascism occurred in Spain, when General Franco mobilized his troops against the democratically elected government of the Spanish Republic; inciting the Spanish Civil War.