Yunnan

Yunnan ProvinceYunnan, ChinaYunnaneseYunan ProvinceCommunist Party SecretaryGovernor of YunnanYun-nanMohanYNYunnan Province, China
Yunnan is a province in Southwest China.wikipedia
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Kunming

Kunming, ChinaKunming CityKunming, Yunnan
The capital of the province is Kunming, formerly also known as Yunnan. Around the 3rd century BC, the central area of Yunnan around present day Kunming was known as Dian.
Kunming is the capital and the largest city of Yunnan province—China's fourth least developed province based on disposable income per capita—in southwest China.

Guizhou

Guizhou ProvinceKweichowGuizhou, China
The province borders the Chinese provinces Guangxi, Guizhou, Sichuan, and the Tibet Autonomous Region, as well as the countries Vietnam, Laos, and Myanmar.
Guizhou borders the autonomous region of Guangxi to the south, Yunnan to the west, Sichuan to the northwest, the municipality of Chongqing to the north, and Hunan to the east.

Zhuang people

ZhuangZhuangsthe Zhuang
Major ethnic groups include Yi, Bai, Hani, Zhuang, Dai and Miao.
Some also live in the Yunnan, Guangdong, Guizhou and Hunan provinces.

Yi people

YiLoloYi languages
Major ethnic groups include Yi, Bai, Hani, Zhuang, Dai and Miao.
They live primarily in rural areas of Sichuan, Yunnan, Guizhou, and Guangxi, usually in mountainous regions.

Miao people

MiaoMeoMèo
Major ethnic groups include Yi, Bai, Hani, Zhuang, Dai and Miao.
The Miao live primarily in southern China's mountains, in the provinces of Guizhou, Yunnan, Sichuan, Hubei, Hunan, Guangxi, Guangdong and Hainan.

Dai people

DaiThai LueLue
Major ethnic groups include Yi, Bai, Hani, Zhuang, Dai and Miao.
The Dai people (Kam Mueang: ; ไท; ; Tai Nüa: ᥖᥭᥰ, ) are one of several ethnic groups living in the Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture and the Dehong Dai and Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture (both in southern Yunnan, China), but by extension, the term can apply to groups in Laos, Vietnam, Thailand, and Myanmar when Dai is used to mean specifically Tai Yai, Lue, Chinese Shan, Tai Dam, Tai Khao or even Tai in general.

Tibet Autonomous Region

TibetXizangXizang Province
The province borders the Chinese provinces Guangxi, Guizhou, Sichuan, and the Tibet Autonomous Region, as well as the countries Vietnam, Laos, and Myanmar.
Other parts of ethno-cultural Tibet (eastern Kham and Amdo) had been under de jure administration of the Chinese dynastic government since the mid-18th century; today they are distributed among the provinces of Qinghai, Gansu, Sichuan and Yunnan.

Dian Kingdom

DianDian cultureKing of Dian gold seal
Around the 3rd century BC, the central area of Yunnan around present day Kunming was known as Dian.
Dian was an ancient kingdom established by the Dian people, a group of indigenous non-Chinese metalworking tribes that inhabited around the Dian Lake plateau of central northern Yunnan, China from the late Spring and Autumn period until the Eastern Han dynasty.

Yangtze

Yangtze RiverYangzi RiverChangjiang
The Chu general Zhuang Qiao entered the region from the upper Yangtze River and set himself up as "King of Dian".
A stretch of the upstream Yangtze flowing through deep gorges in western Yunnan is part of the Three Parallel Rivers of Yunnan Protected Areas, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Qujing

Qujing CityQujing PrefectureQujing County
An existing road in Sichuan – the "Five Foot Way" – was extended south to around present day Qujing, in eastern Yunnan.
Qujing is a prefecture-level city in the east of Yunnan province, China.

Guangxi

Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous RegionGuangxi ProvinceKwangsi
The province borders the Chinese provinces Guangxi, Guizhou, Sichuan, and the Tibet Autonomous Region, as well as the countries Vietnam, Laos, and Myanmar.
Under the Tang dynasty, the Zhuang moved to support Piluoge's kingdom of Nanzhao in Yunnan, which successfully repulsed imperial armies in 751 and 754.

Bai people

BaiBai architectureBai ethnic group
Major ethnic groups include Yi, Bai, Hani, Zhuang, Dai and Miao. The area was controlled by the Sino-Tibetan-speaking kingdom of Nanzhao (738-937), followed by the Bai-ruled Dali Kingdom (937-1253).
Bai people live mostly in the provinces of Yunnan (Dali area), and in neighboring Guizhou (Bijie area) and Hunan (Sangzhi area) provinces.

Hani people

HaniHà NhìAini
Major ethnic groups include Yi, Bai, Hani, Zhuang, Dai and Miao.
Over ninety percent of present-day Hani peoples live in the Province of Yunnan in southern China, located across the Ailao Mountains, between the Mekong River and the Red River (Yuanjiang river).

Ming dynasty

MingMing ChinaMing Empire
After the Mongol invasion of the region in the 13th century, Yunnan was conquered by the Ming dynasty.
By the end of the 14th century, some 200,000 military colonists settled some 2,000,000 mu (350,000 acres) of land in what is now Yunnan and Guizhou.

Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture

DaliDali PrefectureDali Bai Autonomous Prefectural
Around Lake Erhai, namely, the Dali area, there emerged six zhao: Mengzi, Yuexi, Langqiong, Dengdan, Shilling, and Mengshe .
Dàlǐ Bai Autonomous Prefecture (Bai: Darl•lit Baif•cuf zirl•zirl•zox) is an autonomous prefecture of northwestern Yunnan province, People's Republic of China.

Han conquest of Dian

Han campaigns against DianAnnexedDian in 109 BC
In 109 BC, the Han dynasty invaded Dian during its southern expeditions.
The Han conquest of Dian was a series of military campaigns and expeditions by the Chinese Han dynasty recorded in contemporary textual sources against the Kingdom of Dian in modern Yunnan.

Han dynasty

Eastern Han dynastyHanWestern Han dynasty
In 109 BC, the Han dynasty invaded Dian during its southern expeditions. The Han Empire first recorded diplomatic relations with the province at the end of the 2nd century BC.
Yunnan was brought into the Han realm with the conquest of the Dian Kingdom in 109 BC, followed by parts of the Korean Peninsula with the Han conquest of Gojoseon and colonial establishments of Xuantu Commandery and Lelang Commandery in 108 BC.

Ajall Shams al-Din Omar

Sayyid Ajjal Shams al-Din OmarSeyyid Edjell Shams ed-Din OmarSai-dien-ch'i shan-sse-ding
In 1273, Kublai Khan reformed the province and appointed the semu Ajall Shams al-Din Omar as its governor.
Sayyid Ajall Shams al-Din Omar al-Bukhari (1211–1279) was Yunnan's first provincial governor, appointed by the Mongol Yuan dynasty.

Tibetan Empire

TufanTibetTibetan
Ruling from Dali, the thirteen kings of Nanzhao ruled over more than two centuries and played a vital role in the dynamic relationship between the Tang dynasty and the Tibetan Empire as a buffer state.
By the reign of the emperor Ralpacan, in the opening years of the 9th century, it controlled territories extending from the Tarim basin to the Himalayas and Bengal, and from the Pamirs to what are now the Chinese provinces of Gansu and Yunnan.

Panthay Rebellion

Pingnan GuoDu Wenxiu RebellionMuslim
Although largely forgotten, the bloody Panthay Rebellion of the Muslim Hui people and other local minorities against the Manchu rulers of the Qing dynasty caused the deaths of up to a million people in Yunnan.
The Panthay rebellion (1856–1873), known to Chinese as the Du Wenxiu Rebellion (Tu Wen-hsiu Rebellion), was a rebellion of the Muslim Hui people and other (Muslim as well as non-Muslim) ethnic groups against the Manchu rulers of the Qing Dynasty in southwestern Yunnan Province, as part of a wave of Hui-led multi-ethnic unrest.

Tai peoples

TaiTai peopleThái people
Anthropologists have determined that these people were related to the people now known as the Tai.
The Zhuang in China do not constitute an autonymic unity: in various areas in Guangxi they refer to themselves as pow C2 ɕu:ŋ B2, pʰo B2 tʰaj A2, pow C2 ma:n A2, pow C2 ba:n C1, or pow C2 law A2, while those in Yunnan use the following autonyms: pu C2 noŋ A2, bu B2 daj A2, or bu C2 jaj C1 (=Bouyei, bùyi 布依).

Sino-Burmese War (1765–1769)

Sino-Burmese WarSino-Burmese War (1765–69)Sino–Burmese War (1765–1769)
Under the Qing dynasty a war with Burma also occurred in the 1760s due to the attempted consolidation of borderlands under local chiefs by both China and Burma.
At first, the Emperor envisaged an easy war, and sent in only the Green Standard troops stationed in Yunnan.

1905 Tibetan Rebellion

1905 Tibetan Revoltrebellionsrevolted against Qing China
The 1905 Tibetan Rebellion in which Tibetan Buddhist Lamas attacked and killed French Catholic missionaries spread to Yunnan.
The Tibetan rebellion of 1905 in Yunnan province began with a series of attacks on Christian missionaries and converts and ended with the imperial Chinese government re-asserting control of the province.

Yuan dynasty

YuanYuan ChinaYuan Empire
After the Mongol invasion of the region in the 13th century, Yunnan was conquered by the Ming dynasty.
Local chieftains were appointed as Tusi, recognized as imperial officials by the Yuan, Ming, and Qing-era governments, principally in the province of Yunnan.

Yuanmou Man

Homo erectus yuanmouensisYuanmou Man Museum
The Yuanmou Man, a Homo erectus fossil unearthed by railway engineers in the 1960s, has been determined to be the oldest-known hominid fossil in China.
Yuanmou Man, Homo erectus yuanmouensis, refers to a member of the genus Homo whose remnants, two incisors, were discovered near Danawu Village in Yuanmou County in southwestern province of Yunnan, China.