Yurok language

Yurokyur
The Yurok language (also Chillula, Mita, Pekwan, Rikwa, Sugon, Weitspek, Weitspekan) is an Algic language.wikipedia
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Algic languages

AlgicAlgic language familyAlgic family
The Yurok language (also Chillula, Mita, Pekwan, Rikwa, Sugon, Weitspek, Weitspekan) is an Algic language.
The other Algic languages are the Yurok and Wiyot of northwestern California, which, despite their geographic proximity, are not closely related.

Archie Thompson (Yurok)

Archie Thompson
The last known native, active speaker of Yurok, Archie Thompson, died March 26, 2013.
Thompson was the oldest living Yurok and the last known native-born, active speaker of the Yurok language at the time of his death in 2013.

Yurok

Yurok peopleYurok TribeThe Olekwo'l (Yurok) Nation
It is the traditional language of the Yurok of Del Norte County and Humboldt County on the far north coast of California, most of whom now speak English.
Yurok is one of two Algic languages spoken in California, the other being Wiyot.

R. H. Robins

Robert H. "Bobby" RobinsRobert H. RobinsRobins, R. H.
The standard reference on the Yurok language grammar is by R. H. Robins (1958).
Under Firth's directions, Robins carried out field work in the early 1950s on the now-extinct Yurok language of northern California and also did work on ancient linguistics.

Juliette Blevins

Blevins, J.
Professor Andrew Garrett and Dr. Juliette Blevins collaborated with tribal elders on a Yurok dictionary that has been hailed as a national model.
She is also the director of the Endangered Language Initiative, co-director of the Endangered Language Alliance, and a co-founder of the Yurok Language Project.

Language revitalization

Language revivalrevitalizationrevival
As of 2012, Yurok language classes were taught to high school students, and other revitalization efforts were expected to increase the population of speakers.

Vowel harmony

harmonizeharmonysynharmonism
Vowel harmony occurs for prefixes, infixes, and inflections, depending on the vocalic and consonantal structure of the word stem.

Truman Michelson

Michelson, Truman
Michelson was involved in a prominent debate with Edward Sapir because of his rejection of Sapir's proposal that the Algonquian languages were related to Wiyot and Yurok, two languages of California, through common membership in the Algic language family.

Del Norte County, California

Del NorteDel Norte CountyDel Norte Counties
It is the traditional language of the Yurok of Del Norte County and Humboldt County on the far north coast of California, most of whom now speak English.

Humboldt County, California

Humboldt CountyHumboldtHumboldt County, CA
It is the traditional language of the Yurok of Del Norte County and Humboldt County on the far north coast of California, most of whom now speak English.

California

CAState of CaliforniaCalifornia, USA
It is the traditional language of the Yurok of Del Norte County and Humboldt County on the far north coast of California, most of whom now speak English.

English language

EnglishEnglish-languageen
It is the traditional language of the Yurok of Del Norte County and Humboldt County on the far north coast of California, most of whom now speak English.

California Gold Rush

Gold RushForty-niners49er
Decline of the language began during the California Gold Rush, due to the influx of new settlers and the diseases they brought with them.

Native American disease and epidemics

Native American healtha wide variety of deadly diseasescolonization of the Americas
Decline of the language began during the California Gold Rush, due to the influx of new settlers and the diseases they brought with them.

American Indian boarding schools

Indian boarding schoolNative American boarding schoolsboarding schools
Native American boarding schools initiated by the United States government with the intent of incorporating the native populations of America into mainstream American society increased the rate of decline of the language.

Cultural assimilation of Native Americans

assimilationassimilateAmericanization of Native Americans
Native American boarding schools initiated by the United States government with the intent of incorporating the native populations of America into mainstream American society increased the rate of decline of the language.

Creaky voice

creakylaryngealizedlaryngealization
The glottalized approximants may be realized as creaky voice on the preceding vowel, a preceding glottal stop, or both.

Glottal stop

ʔGlottalglottal stops
The glottalized approximants may be realized as creaky voice on the preceding vowel, a preceding glottal stop, or both.

Voicelessness

voicelessvoiceless consonantunvoiced
They are often devoiced when they occur at the end of a word.