Yusuf Ali Kenadid

Yusuf Ali Keenadid
Yusuf Ali Kenadid (Yuusuf Cali Keenadiid) was a Somali Sultan.wikipedia
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Sultanate of Hobyo

Sultan of Hobyo
He was the founder of the Sultanate of Hobyo in the 1870s. The army of Yusuf Ali Kenadid conquered the local Hawiye clan and established Sultanate of Hobyo in 1870s.
It was established in 1870s by Yusuf Ali Kenadid, cousin of the Majeerteen Sultanate ruler Boqor Osman Mahamuud, after overpowering the local Hawiye clans.

Somalis

SomaliSomali peopleSomali clan
Yusuf Ali Kenadid (Yuusuf Cali Keenadiid) was a Somali Sultan.
The Majeerteen Sultanate was nearly destroyed in the late-1800s by a power struggle between Boqor (King) Osman Mahamuud of the Majeerteen Sultanate and his ambitious cousin, Yusuf Ali Kenadid who founded a separate Kingdom, Sultanate of Hobyo in 1878.

Majeerteen Sultanate

MajeerteenMigiurtiniaMajerteen Sultanate
Along with Sultan Mohamoud Ali Shire of the Warsangali Sultanate and King Osman Mahamuud of the Majeerteen Sultanate, Yusuf Ali was one of the three prominent rulers of present-day Somalia at the turn of the 20th century.
Osman Mahamuud's Kingdom was under attack in the mid-19th century due to a power struggle between himself and his ambitious cousin, Yusuf Ali Kenadid.

Ali Yusuf Kenadid

Ali Yusuf
He was succeeded atop the throne by his son Ali Yusuf Kenadid.
His father, Sultan Yusuf Ali Kenadid, was the founder of the Sultanate of Hobyo centered in present-day northeastern and central Somalia.

Warsangali Sultanate

WarsangaliSultanate of Mohamoud Ali ShireWarsangeli Sultanate
Along with Sultan Mohamoud Ali Shire of the Warsangali Sultanate and King Osman Mahamuud of the Majeerteen Sultanate, Yusuf Ali was one of the three prominent rulers of present-day Somalia at the turn of the 20th century.

Osmanya script

OsmanyaOsmanya alphabetOsmania alphabet
He is the father of Osman Yusuf Kenadid, who would go on to create the Osmanya writing script for the Somali language.
It was invented between 1920 and 1922 by Osman Yusuf Kenadid, the son of Sultan Yusuf Ali Kenadid and brother of Sultan Ali Yusuf Kenadid of the Sultanate of Hobyo.

Osman Mahamuud

Osman MahamudBoqor Osman Mahamud
Along with Sultan Mohamoud Ali Shire of the Warsangali Sultanate and King Osman Mahamuud of the Majeerteen Sultanate, Yusuf Ali was one of the three prominent rulers of present-day Somalia at the turn of the 20th century.
His rival Sultan Yusuf Ali Kenadid had signed a similar agreement vis-a-vis his own Sultanate the year before.

Osman Yusuf Kenadid

Osman Yuusuf Keenadiid
He is the father of Osman Yusuf Kenadid, who would go on to create the Osmanya writing script for the Somali language.
He served as a leader in the Majeerteen Sultanate of Hobyo and was the son of the polity's founder, Sultan Yusuf Ali Kenadid.

Mohamoud Ali Shire

Sultan Mohamoud Ali ShireMahmoud Ali ShireMohamoud Ali Shirreh
Along with Sultan Mohamoud Ali Shire of the Warsangali Sultanate and King Osman Mahamuud of the Majeerteen Sultanate, Yusuf Ali was one of the three prominent rulers of present-day Somalia at the turn of the 20th century.

Majeerteen

MajerteenIsmaan SultanateMajeerteen Sultanate
Yusuf Ali Kenadid was born into a Majeerteen Darod family.
Osman Mahamuud's Sultanate was nearly destroyed in the late-1800s by a power struggle between himself and his ambitious cousin, Yusuf Ali Kenadid who founded the Sultanate of Hobyo in 1878.

Italian Somaliland

Italian SomaliaSomaliaSomaliland
In late 1888, Sultan Kenadid entered into a treaty with Italy, making his Sultanate a protectorate known as Obbia Protectrorate later annexed to the Italian Somaliland in 1922 along with the territories of the Greater Kingdom Of Migiurtinia.
The European powers (Italy, Great Britain and France) first gained a foothold in Somalia through the signing of various pacts and agreements with the Somali Sultans that then controlled the region, such as Yusuf Ali Kenadid, Boqor Osman Mahamuud and Mohamoud Ali Shire.

Somalia

SomaliFederal Republic of SomaliaSOM
Along with Sultan Mohamoud Ali Shire of the Warsangali Sultanate and King Osman Mahamuud of the Majeerteen Sultanate, Yusuf Ali was one of the three prominent rulers of present-day Somalia at the turn of the 20th century.

Hawiye

MurusadeMuduloodMoobleen
The army of Yusuf Ali Kenadid conquered the local Hawiye clan and established Sultanate of Hobyo in 1870s.

Darod

HartiDaroodAbsame
Yusuf Ali Kenadid was born into a Majeerteen Darod family.

Somali language

SomalisomAf Soomaali
He is the father of Osman Yusuf Kenadid, who would go on to create the Osmanya writing script for the Somali language.

Yasin Osman Kenadid

Yaasiin Cismaan Keenadiid
Yusuf Ali's grandson, Yasin Osman Kenadid, would later help found the Society for Somali Language and Literature.

Surname

family nameoccupational surnamelast name
"Kenadid" was not his surname, but rather a title given to him by his rivals.

Yemen

Republic of YemenYemeniJemen
However, he was unsuccessful in this endeavor, and was eventually forced into exile in Yemen.

Arabian Peninsula

ArabiaArabianArab Peninsula
A decade later, in the 1870s, Kenadid returned from the Arabian Peninsula with a band of Hadhrami musketeers and a group of devoted lieutenants.

Hadhramaut

HadramautHadramawtHadhramawt
A decade later, in the 1870s, Kenadid returned from the Arabian Peninsula with a band of Hadhrami musketeers and a group of devoted lieutenants.

Musketeer

musketeersMousquetairearquebusiers
A decade later, in the 1870s, Kenadid returned from the Arabian Peninsula with a band of Hadhrami musketeers and a group of devoted lieutenants.

Italy

ItalianITAItalia
In late 1888, Sultan Kenadid entered into a treaty with Italy, making his Sultanate a protectorate known as Obbia Protectrorate later annexed to the Italian Somaliland in 1922 along with the territories of the Greater Kingdom Of Migiurtinia.

List of Sultans of Zanzibar

Sultan of ZanzibarSultanSultans of Zanzibar
Both Sultan Kenadid and Boqor Osman had entered into the protectorate treaties to advance their own expansionist goals, with Kenadid looking to use Italy's support in his ongoing power struggle with Boqor Osman over the Majeerteen Sultanate, as well as in a separate conflict with the Sultan of Zanzibar over an area to the north of Warsheikh.

Warsheikh

Warsheekh
Both Sultan Kenadid and Boqor Osman had entered into the protectorate treaties to advance their own expansionist goals, with Kenadid looking to use Italy's support in his ongoing power struggle with Boqor Osman over the Majeerteen Sultanate, as well as in a separate conflict with the Sultan of Zanzibar over an area to the north of Warsheikh.

British Somaliland

SomalilandSomaliland ProtectorateBritish Somaliland Protectorate
However, the relationship between Obbia Sultanate and Italy soured when Sultan Kenadid refused the Italians' proposal to allow a British contingent of troops to disembark in his Sultanate so that they might then pursue their battle against the Somali religious and nationalist leader Mohammed Abdullah Hassan's Dervish forces.