Zacatecas

State of ZacatecasZacatecas, MexicoEstado Libre y Soberano de ZacatecasGobierno del Estado de ZacatecasMX-ZACPenasquitostateZACZacateanZacatecas (in modern Mexico)
Zacatecas, officially the Free and Sovereign State of Zacatecas (Estado Libre y Soberano de Zacatecas), is one of the 32 states of Mexico.wikipedia
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Municipalities of Zacatecas

municipalitiesMunicipality58 municipal presidents
It is divided into 58 municipalities and its capital city is Zacatecas City.
Zacatecas is a state in North Central Mexico that is divided into 58 municipalities.

Coahuila

Coahuila de ZaragozaCoahuila, MexicoCOA
It is bordered by the states of Durango to the northwest, Coahuila to the north, Nayarit to the west, San Luis Potosí and Nuevo León to the east, and Jalisco, Guanajuato and Aguascalientes to the south.
Coahuila borders the Mexican states of Nuevo León to the east, Zacatecas to the south, and Durango and Chihuahua to the west.

Durango

State of DurangoDurango, Mexicoa state in Mexico called Durango
It is bordered by the states of Durango to the northwest, Coahuila to the north, Nayarit to the west, San Luis Potosí and Nuevo León to the east, and Jalisco, Guanajuato and Aguascalientes to the south.
Durango is landlocked, bordered by Chihuahua, Coahuila, Zacatecas, Nayarit and Sinaloa.

Jalisco

Jalisco, MexicoJalisco StateState of Jalisco
It is bordered by the states of Durango to the northwest, Coahuila to the north, Nayarit to the west, San Luis Potosí and Nuevo León to the east, and Jalisco, Guanajuato and Aguascalientes to the south.
It is located in Western Mexico and is bordered by six states which are Nayarit, Zacatecas, Aguascalientes, Guanajuato, Michoacán and Colima.

Nayarit

State of NayaritVallarta-NayaritCongress of Nayarit
It is bordered by the states of Durango to the northwest, Coahuila to the north, Nayarit to the west, San Luis Potosí and Nuevo León to the east, and Jalisco, Guanajuato and Aguascalientes to the south.
It is bordered by the states of Sinaloa to the northwest, Durango to the north, Zacatecas to the northeast and Jalisco to the south.

Guanajuato

State of GuanajuatoGuanajuato, MexicoMineral de Pozos
It is bordered by the states of Durango to the northwest, Coahuila to the north, Nayarit to the west, San Luis Potosí and Nuevo León to the east, and Jalisco, Guanajuato and Aguascalientes to the south.
It is bordered by the states of Jalisco to the west, Zacatecas to the northwest, San Luis Potosí to the north, Querétaro to the east, and Michoacán to the south.

San Luis Potosí

San Luis PotosiS.L.P.San Luís Potosí
It is bordered by the states of Durango to the northwest, Coahuila to the north, Nayarit to the west, San Luis Potosí and Nuevo León to the east, and Jalisco, Guanajuato and Aguascalientes to the south.
It is located in North-Central Mexico and is bordered by 7 other Mexican states: Nuevo León to the north; Tamaulipas to the north-east; Veracruz to the east; Hidalgo, Querétaro and Guanajuato to the south; and Zacatecas to north-west.

Aguascalientes

State of AguascalientesAguascalientes, MexicoEstado Libre y Soberano de Aguascalientes
It is bordered by the states of Durango to the northwest, Coahuila to the north, Nayarit to the west, San Luis Potosí and Nuevo León to the east, and Jalisco, Guanajuato and Aguascalientes to the south.
It is bordered by the states of Zacatecas to the north and Jalisco to the south.

Mexico

MexicanMéxicoMEX
Zacatecas, officially the Free and Sovereign State of Zacatecas (Estado Libre y Soberano de Zacatecas), is one of the 32 states of Mexico.
The rich deposits of silver, particularly in Zacatecas and Guanajuato, resulted in silver extraction dominating the economy of New Spain.

Sierra Madre Occidental

Sierra MadreSierra Madre MountainsSierra Madres
The state has three main geographical regions, the Sierra Madre Occidental in the west, the Mexican Plateau and the Sierra Madre Oriental.
The range runs parallel to the Pacific coast of Mexico, from just south of the Arizona-Sonora border southeast through eastern Sonora, western Chihuahua, Sinaloa, Durango, Zacatecas, Nayarit, Jalisco, Aguascalientes to Guanajuato, where it joins with the Sierra Madre del Sur and the Eje Volcánico Transversal (Transverse Volcanic Axis) of central Mexico after crossing 1250 km.

Mexican Plateau

Mesa CentralCentral Mexican PlateauMexican Altiplano
The state has three main geographical regions, the Sierra Madre Occidental in the west, the Mexican Plateau and the Sierra Madre Oriental.
A low east-west mountain range in the state of Zacatecas divides the plateau into northern and southern sections.

Fresnillo

Fresnillo, ZacatecasFresnillo, Mexico
The largest of these are the Leobardo Reynoso in Fresnillo, Miguel Aleman in Tepechitlan and El Chique in Tabasco.
110,892), founded in 1554 by Francisco de Ibarra, is the second largest city in Zacatecas state, north central Mexico and the seat of Fresnillo municipality.

Tabasco, Zacatecas

Tabasco
The largest of these are the Leobardo Reynoso in Fresnillo, Miguel Aleman in Tepechitlan and El Chique in Tabasco.
Tabasco is a small town in the state of Zacatecas, Mexico.

Guadalajara

Guadalajara, JaliscoGuadalajara, MexicoGuadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico
The first Spanish settlement in the state's current borders was in what is now Nochistlan in 1531, the original Guadalajara.
The first settlement in 1532 was in Mesa del Cerro, now known as Nochistlán, Zacatecas.

Cristóbal de Oñate

Cristobal de Oñate
The capital was founded by Juan de Tolosa with the support of Cristobal de Oñate and Pedro Almendez Chirinos in 1546, after the discovery of one of the world's richest silver veins.
Cristóbal de Oñate (1504, Spain—October 6, 1567, Pánuco, Zacatecas) was a Spanish Basque explorer, conquistador and colonial official in New Spain.

Chihuahuan Desert

Chihuahua DesertChihuahuanChihuahua
The extreme northern part of the state is the southern fringe of the Chihuahuan Desert and as such is rich and diverse in biology.
On the Mexican side, it covers a large portion of the state of Chihuahua, along with portions of Coahuila, north-eastern Durango, the extreme northern part of Zacatecas, and small western portions of Nuevo León.

Zacateco

ZacatecZacatecos
Before the arrival of the Spanish, dominant ethnic groups included the Caxcans, Zacatecos, and Guachichils, with a probable rivalry between the Guachichils and the Caxcans.
They lived in most of what is now the state of Zacatecas and the northeastern part of Durango.

Bursera microphylla

Elephant Treeelephant treeslittleleaf elephant tree
One interesting tree that occurs in Zacatecas is the elephant tree (Bursera microphylla).
This tree is native to northwestern Mexico (Baja California, Baja California Sur, Sinaloa, Sonora and Zacatecas) and the southwestern United States (southern California and Arizona; especially in desert regions.

Bufa Hill

Cerro de la Bufa
The state seal depicts the Cerro de la Bufa, a landmark of the capital, surrounded by the weapons of the original inhabitants.
Bufa Hill or El Cerro de la Bufa is a widely-recognized hill found east of historic downtown Zacatecas City, Zacatecas, Mexico.

Guachichil

GuachichilesHuachichilGuachichil people
Before the arrival of the Spanish, dominant ethnic groups included the Caxcans, Zacatecos, and Guachichils, with a probable rivalry between the Guachichils and the Caxcans.
The Guachichiles roamed through a large region of Zacatecas; as well as portions of San Luis Potosí, Guanajuato, and northeastern Jalisco; south to the northern corners of Michoacán; and north to Saltillo in Coahuila.

Mixtón War

Mixtón RebellionMixton WarMixtón
The Spanish defeated the Caxcans during the Mixtón War in the 1540s.
The war was named after Mixtón, a hill in the southern part of Zacatecas state in Mexico which served as an Indigenous stronghold.

Coyote

coyotesCanis latranseastern coyote
In the sierras there are many wild boar, white-tailed deer and hares; in the valleys and plains it is common to find coyote, badgers, quails and ducks.

Sombrerete, Zacatecas

Sombrerete
213,139), Guadalupe (159,991), Zacatecas (138,176), Pinos, and Sombrerete.
Sombrerete ( Spanish ) is a town and municipality located in the northwest of the Mexican state of Zacatecas, bordering the state of Durango.

New Spain

Viceroyalty of New SpainSpanishNueva España
These riches supported the establishment of new settlements along with the building of elegant churches and mansions as the area became one of the most important of New Spain.
The northern area of Mexico, a region of nomadic and semi-nomadic indigenous populations, was not generally conducive to dense settlements, but the discovery of silver in Zacatecas in the 1540s drew settlement there to exploit the mines.

Aguascalientes City

AguascalientesAguascalientes, AguascalientesAguascalientes, Mexico
Trains provided direct links to Ciudad Juárez, Aguascalientes and Chihuahua, which led to emigration out of the state, primarily to the United States in the 20th century.
It later blossomed as a strategic link between Mexico City and the mines of Zacatecas, while prosperous agriculture and ranching helped feed Spain's emerging New World cities.