Zachary Taylor

TaylorPresident TaylorGeneral Zachary TaylorPresident Zachary TaylorGen. Zachary TaylorOctavia Taylor Zachary Taylor12th President of the United StatesCol. Zachary TaylorDeath of Zachary Taylor
Zachary Taylor (November 24, 1784 – July 9, 1850) was the 12th president of the United States, serving from March 1849 until his death in July 1850.wikipedia
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1848 United States presidential election

18481848 presidential election1848 election
The Whig Party convinced the reluctant Taylor to lead their ticket in the 1848 presidential election, despite his unclear political tenets and lack of interest in politics.
In the aftermath of the Mexican–American War, General Zachary Taylor of the Whig Party defeated Senator Lewis Cass of the Democratic Party.

Battle of Resaca de la Palma

Resaca de la PalmaResacaResaca De La Palra
The Mexican–American War broke out in April 1846, and Taylor defeated Mexican troops commanded by General Mariano Arista at the battles of Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma and drove his troops out of Texas.
At the Battle of Resaca de la Palma, one of the early engagements of the Mexican–American War, United States General Zachary Taylor engaged the retreating forces of the Mexican Ejército del Norte ("Army of the North") under General Mariano Arista on May 9, 1846.

Black Hawk War

Blackhawk WarBlack Hawk1830s
He climbed the ranks establishing military forts along the Mississippi River and entered the Black Hawk War as a colonel in 1832.
Other participants who later became famous included Winfield Scott, Zachary Taylor, and Jefferson Davis.

Battle of Buena Vista

Buena VistaBattle of AngosturaBuena Vista, Mexico
Defying orders, Taylor led his troops further south and, despite being severely outnumbered, dealt a crushing blow to Mexican forces under Antonio López de Santa Anna at the Battle of Buena Vista.
After the Battle of Monterrey and the end of the armistice, Major General Zachary Taylor's Army of Occupation with Brigadier General William J. Worth's 1,000 men advanced onto undefended Saltillo on November 16, despite orders to halt any movement further south, considering it strategic to cover the approaches to Monterrey and Parras de la Fuente.

Battle of Palo Alto

Palo Altobattlefield victoryat Palo Alto
The Mexican–American War broke out in April 1846, and Taylor defeated Mexican troops commanded by General Mariano Arista at the battles of Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma and drove his troops out of Texas.
A force of some 3,700 Mexican troops – most of the Army of The North – led by General Mariano Arista engaged a force of approximately 2,300 United States troops – the Army of Occupation led by General Zachary Taylor.

Whig Party (United States)

WhigWhig PartyWhigs
The Whig Party convinced the reluctant Taylor to lead their ticket in the 1848 presidential election, despite his unclear political tenets and lack of interest in politics.
Whig nominee Zachary Taylor won the 1848 presidential election, but Taylor died in 1850 and was succeeded by Millard Fillmore.

Battle of Monterrey

MonterreyMontereycapture
Taylor then led his troops into Mexico, where they defeated Mexican troops commanded by Pedro de Ampudia at the Battle of Monterrey.
In the Battle of Monterrey (September 21–24, 1846) during the Mexican–American War, General Pedro de Ampudia and the Mexican Army of the North was defeated by the Army of Occupation, a force of United States Regulars, Volunteers and Texas Rangers under the command of General Zachary Taylor.

Mexican–American War

Mexican-American WarMexican WarMexican American War
The Mexican–American War broke out in April 1846, and Taylor defeated Mexican troops commanded by General Mariano Arista at the battles of Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma and drove his troops out of Texas. Taylor previously was a career officer in the United States Army, rose to the rank of major general and became a national hero as a result of his victories in the Mexican–American War.
When that offer was rejected, President Polk moved U.S. troops commanded by Major General Zachary Taylor further south into the disputed Nueces Strip.

Martin Van Buren

Van BurenPresident Martin Van BurenPresident Van Buren
He won the general election alongside New York politician Millard Fillmore, defeating Democratic Party candidates Lewis Cass and William Orlando Butler, as well as a third-party effort led by former president Martin Van Buren and Charles Francis Adams, Sr. of the Free Soil Party.
He finished in a distant third nationally, but his presence in the race most likely helped Whig nominee Zachary Taylor defeat Democrat Lewis Cass.

Henry Clay

ClayHenry Clay, Sr.Clay, Henry
At the 1848 Whig National Convention, Taylor defeated Scott and former Senator Henry Clay to take the nomination.
Clay strongly criticized the subsequent Mexican–American War and sought the Whig presidential nomination in 1848, but was defeated by General Zachary Taylor.

1848 Whig National Convention

18481848 (Whig)Baltimore
At the 1848 Whig National Convention, Taylor defeated Scott and former Senator Henry Clay to take the nomination.
The convention selected General Zachary Taylor of Louisiana for president and former Congressman Millard Fillmore of New York for vice president.

Compromise of 1850

compromise billCompromise Measures of 1850Crisis of 1850
To avoid the issue of slavery, he urged settlers in New Mexico and California to bypass the territorial stage and draft constitutions for statehood, setting the stage for the Compromise of 1850.
Clay's proposal was opposed by President Zachary Taylor, anti-slavery Whigs like William Seward, and pro-slavery Democrats like John C. Calhoun, and congressional debate over the territories continued.

Richard Taylor (colonel)

Richard TaylorColonel Richard TaylorRichard Lee Taylor
His father, Richard Taylor, had served as a lieutenant colonel in the American Revolution.
He was the father of Zachary Taylor, the 12th President of the United States, and Joseph Pannell Taylor, who served as a general in the Union Army during the Civil War.

Lewis Cass

CassGeneral Lewis CassCass, Lewis
He won the general election alongside New York politician Millard Fillmore, defeating Democratic Party candidates Lewis Cass and William Orlando Butler, as well as a third-party effort led by former president Martin Van Buren and Charles Francis Adams, Sr. of the Free Soil Party.
Van Buren led the Free Soil Party's presidential ticket and appealed to many anti-slavery Democrats, possibly contributing to the victory of Whig nominee Zachary Taylor.

Sarah Knox Taylor

SarahSarah "Knoxie" TaylorSarah Knox
During this period Taylor opposed the courtship of his 17-year-old daughter Sarah Knox Taylor with Lieutenant Jefferson Davis, the future President of the Confederate States of America.
Sarah Knox "Knoxie" Taylor Davis (March 6, 1814 – September 15, 1835) was the daughter of Zachary Taylor (1784–1850), who was a career military officer in the United States Army and commanding general in the Mexican–American War (1846–1848), and later became 12th President of the United States, (1849–1850).

Jefferson Davis

Jeff DavisDavisJefferson Finis Davis
During this period Taylor opposed the courtship of his 17-year-old daughter Sarah Knox Taylor with Lieutenant Jefferson Davis, the future President of the Confederate States of America.
Davis married Sarah Knox Taylor, daughter of general and future President Zachary Taylor, in 1835, when he was 27 years old.

Mary Elizabeth Bliss

Mary Elizabeth TaylorBettyMary Elizabeth "Betty" Bliss
Mary Elizabeth "Betty" Taylor Bliss Dandridge, born Mary Elizabeth Taylor (April 20, 1824 – July 25, 1909), was the youngest of the three surviving daughters of President Zachary Taylor (1849–1850) and Margaret Mackall Smith Taylor.

Margaret Taylor

Margaret Mackall SmithMargaretMargaret Mackall Smith Taylor
Margaret "Peggy" Mackall Taylor (née Smith; September 21, 1788 – August 14, 1852) was the wife of Zachary Taylor.

Richard Taylor (general)

Richard TaylorTaylorMajor General Richard Taylor
He was the only son of Zachary Taylor, the 12th president of the United States.

William Wallace Smith Bliss

Lt. Col. William Wallace Smith BlissLTC William BlissMaj. William Bliss
In December 1848 Bliss married Mary Elizabeth Taylor, youngest daughter of the newly elected US President Zachary Taylor, whom he would serve as Presidential Secretary.

Rio Grande

Río GrandeRío BravoRío Bravo del Norte
In 1845, during the annexation of Texas, President James K. Polk dispatched Taylor to the Rio Grande in anticipation of a battle with Mexico over the disputed Texas–Mexico border.
They provided transport for the U.S. Army, under General Zachary Taylor, to invade Monterrey, Nuevo León, via Camargo Municipality, Tamaulipas.

Millard Fillmore

FillmorePresident FillmorePresident Millard Fillmore
He won the general election alongside New York politician Millard Fillmore, defeating Democratic Party candidates Lewis Cass and William Orlando Butler, as well as a third-party effort led by former president Martin Van Buren and Charles Francis Adams, Sr. of the Free Soil Party.
A former U.S. representative from New York, Fillmore was elected the nation's 12th vice president in 1848, and succeeded to the presidency in July 1850 upon the death of President Zachary Taylor.

William Orlando Butler

William O. ButlerButlerWilliam Butler
He won the general election alongside New York politician Millard Fillmore, defeating Democratic Party candidates Lewis Cass and William Orlando Butler, as well as a third-party effort led by former president Martin Van Buren and Charles Francis Adams, Sr. of the Free Soil Party.
He was General Zachary Taylor's second-in-command during the Battle of Monterrey and later succeeded Winfield Scott as the commander of American forces occupying Mexico City.

Pedro de Ampudia

Pedro Ampudia
Taylor then led his troops into Mexico, where they defeated Mexican troops commanded by Pedro de Ampudia at the Battle of Monterrey.
His arrangement with Zachary Taylor allowed the Army of the North to keep its weapons but march as far south as possible and neglect offensive operations for three months.

Free Soil Party

Free SoilFree SoilerFree Soilers
He won the general election alongside New York politician Millard Fillmore, defeating Democratic Party candidates Lewis Cass and William Orlando Butler, as well as a third-party effort led by former president Martin Van Buren and Charles Francis Adams, Sr. of the Free Soil Party.
Shortly after the Democrats nominated Cass, a group of Whigs made plans for a convention of anti-slavery politicians and activists in the event that the 1848 Whig National Convention nominated General Zachary Taylor of Louisiana for president.