Zamboanga City

ZamboangaCity of ZamboangaZamboanga City, PhilippinesAsia's Latin CityBajau coastal cemeterycapitalSamboaganSamboanganSamboayanaTagasilay
', officially the ' (Chavacano: Ciudad de Zamboanga), is a highly urbanized city in the Zamboanga Peninsula of the Philippines.wikipedia
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Zamboanga del Sur

del SurLabangan, Mindanaoprovince of Zamboanga del Sur
Although geographically separated and is an independent and chartered city, Zamboanga City is incorrectly grouped with the province of Zamboanga del Sur for statistical purposes, yet governed independently from it.
Incorrectly grouped with Zamboanga del Sur is the highly urbanized city of Zamboanga, which is a chartered city and governed independently from the province.

Subanon people

SubanonSubanenSubanons
Zamboanga City was founded in the late 12th or early 13th century as a settlement by the Subanen people.
The groups that traditionally remained animist call themselves "Subanen" in the area closer to Zamboanga City.

Zamboanga Peninsula

ZamboangaIXRegion IX
', officially the ' (Chavacano: Ciudad de Zamboanga), is a highly urbanized city in the Zamboanga Peninsula of the Philippines. It encompasses the present-day Zamboanga Peninsula with the inclusion of the whole province of Basilan.
Zamboanga Peninsula (Chavacano: Peninsula de Zamboanga; Cebuano: Lawis sa Zamboanga) is an administrative region in the Philippines, designated as Region IX. The region consists of three provinces (Zamboanga del Norte, Zamboanga Sibugay and Zamboanga del Sur) and two cities (Isabela City and Zamboanga City; the former being part of Basilan province and the latter a highly urbanized city).

Mindanao

southern PhilippinesRegion Xisland of Mindanao
Zamboanga City was one of the main strongholds in Mindanao, supporting colonizing efforts in the south of the island and making way for Christian settlements. Zamboanga City is the 6th most populous in the Philippines and the 2nd most populous in Mindanao after Davao City.
According to the 2015 Philippine Population Census, Davao City is the most populous city on the island, with a population of 1,632,991 residents, followed by Zamboanga City (pop.

Chavacano

ChabacanoZamboangueño ChavacanoZamboangueño
', officially the ' (Chavacano: Ciudad de Zamboanga), is a highly urbanized city in the Zamboanga Peninsula of the Philippines.
Zamboangueño (Chavacano) is spoken in Zamboanga City, Basilan, parts of Sulu and Tawi-Tawi, and Zamboanga del Sur, Zamboanga Sibugay and Zamboanga del Norte.

Fort Pilar

fortNuestra Señora del Pilar de ZamboangaOur Lady of the Pillar
Thousands of Spanish troops headed by a governor general from Spain took the approval to build the first Zamboanga fortress (now called Fort Pilar) in Zamboanga to forestall enemies in Mindanao like Moro pirates and other foreign invaders.
The Real Fuerza de Nuestra Señora del Pilar de Zaragoza (Royal Fort of Our Lady of the Pillar of Saragossa), also Fort Pilar, is a 17th-century military defense fortress built by the Spanish colonial government in Zamboanga City, Philippines.

Sama language

SamaSama-BajauSinama
Samboangan is a Sinama term for "mooring place" (also spelled sambuangan; and in Subanen, sembwangan), from the root word samboang ("mooring pole").
Sibuco-Vitali (Sibuku’): inland area across the Zamboanga Peninsula, 50 km north of Zamboanga City. 11,000 speakers. Also called sama bitali', sama nawan.

Vicente Álvarez

General Vicente ÁlvarezGeneral Vicente Alvarez
Before the end of the 19th century, the Republic of Zamboanga was established right after when the Zamboangueño revolutionary forces defeated the last Spanish Government in Zamboanga and when Fort Pilar was turned over to General Vicente Álvarez, the first genuinely elected president who ruled the República de Zamboanga from 18 May 1899 until November 1899.
General Vicente Álvarez ( : April 5, 1862 - November 22, 1942) was a Zamboangueño revolutionary general who led the revolution in Zamboanga which forced the surrender of the last Spanish Governor-General of the Philippines, Diego de los Rios, effectively ending the Spanish occupation in the Philippines.

Cities of the Philippines

CityComponentcities
', officially the ' (Chavacano: Ciudad de Zamboanga), is a highly urbanized city in the Zamboanga Peninsula of the Philippines.
Before 1987, many cities were created without any plebiscites conducted for the residents to ratify the city charter, most notable of which were cities that were incorporated during the early American colonial period (Manila and Baguio), and during the Commonwealth Era (1935–1946) such as Cavite City, Dansalan (now Marawi), Iloilo City, Bacolod, San Pablo and Zamboanga City.

Basilan

Basilan IslandBasilan CityBasilan Straits
It encompasses the present-day Zamboanga Peninsula with the inclusion of the whole province of Basilan.
Isabela City, on the northern shore of Basilan Island facing Zamboanga City, is a component city and then capital of the province from 1975 to 2017.

Iloilo City

Iloilocity of IloiloCity
After having abandoned the city, the Spaniards as well as some Latin-American mercenaries from Peru and Mexico, joined forces with troops from Pampanga and Visayan soldiers (From Bohol, Cebu and Iloilo) and reached the shore of Zamboanga to bring peace to the island against Moro pirates.
In 1635, in an effort to check the Islamic slave-raiding into the Visayas islands, the Christian Visayans from Iloilo together with Spanish officers and their Latino soldiers from Peru soon founded Zamboanga City and settled in it, using it as fortress to prevent Moro attacks in the Visayas, and as a staging ground for Christian campaigns into Muslim Mindanao.

Cesar Climaco

Cesar C. ClimacoMayor Cesar C. Climaco
In November 1955, Liberal Party candidate Cesar Climaco with his running-mate, Tomas Ferrer won the first local elections.
Cesar Cortez Climaco (February 28, 1916 – November 14, 1984) was a Filipino politician who served as mayor of Zamboanga City for 11 years and three nonconsecutive terms.

Republic of Zamboanga

ZamboangaZamboanga RepublicArquiza
Before the end of the 19th century, the Republic of Zamboanga was established right after when the Zamboangueño revolutionary forces defeated the last Spanish Government in Zamboanga and when Fort Pilar was turned over to General Vicente Álvarez, the first genuinely elected president who ruled the República de Zamboanga from 18 May 1899 until November 1899.
The Republic of Zamboanga was a short-lived sovereign republic, founded by General Vicente Alvarez with his Zamboangueño Revolutionary Forces after the Spanish government in Zamboanga officially surrendered and turned over Real Fuerza de Nuestra Señora La Virgen del Pilar de Zaragoza to Gen. Vicente Álvarez in May 1899.

Cebu City

CebuCebu, PhilippinesCebú
After having abandoned the city, the Spaniards as well as some Latin-American mercenaries from Peru and Mexico, joined forces with troops from Pampanga and Visayan soldiers (From Bohol, Cebu and Iloilo) and reached the shore of Zamboanga to bring peace to the island against Moro pirates.
The war also started the Spanish–Moro Wars waged between the Christian Visayans and Muslim Mindanao, wherein Moros burned towns and conducted slave raids in the Visayas islands and selling the slaves to the Sultanates of the Malay Archipelago and the Visayans fought back by establishing Christian fort-cities in Mindanao, cities such as Zamboanga City.

Moro people

MoroMorosMoro Muslims
After having abandoned the city, the Spaniards as well as some Latin-American mercenaries from Peru and Mexico, joined forces with troops from Pampanga and Visayan soldiers (From Bohol, Cebu and Iloilo) and reached the shore of Zamboanga to bring peace to the island against Moro pirates.
However, the idea has failed since the MNLF founding leader Misuari self-exiled himself after clashing with the government in 2013 in Zamboanga City, as he protested the further unilateral changes by the government on the mutually signed 1996 Final Peace Agreement.

Pettit Barracks

Before World War II, Pettit Barracks, a part of the U.S. Army's 43d Infantry Regiment (PS), was stationed there.
Pettit Barracks was located in Zamboanga City (Mindanao, the Philippines) and, along with Camp John Hay, was the location of the US Army's 43d Infantry Regiment (PS).

Legislative districts of Zamboanga City

Lone1st1st District
These are grouped into two congressional districts, with 38 barangays in the West Coast and 60 barangays in the East Coast.
The Legislative districts of Zamboanga City are the representations of the highly urbanized city of Zamboanga in the various national legislatures of the Philippines.

Davao City

DavaoDavao City, PhilippinesDavao City, Davao del Sur
Zamboanga City is the 6th most populous in the Philippines and the 2nd most populous in Mindanao after Davao City.
Thus, a three-month long inconclusive battle for the possession of the settlement ensued which was only decided when an infantry company which sailed its way via warships from Zamboanga came in as reinforcements, thus ensuring the takeover of the settlement and its surroundings by the Spaniards while the defeated Bagobos fled further inland.

Zamboanga Cathedral

Immaculate Conception Metropolitan CathedralMetropolitan Cathedral of the Immaculate ConceptionMetropolitan Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception, Zamboanga
The Metropolitan Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception serves as the seat of the Archdiocese of Zamboanga.
The Metropolitan Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception, commonly known as simply the Zamboanga Cathedral, is a church located in Zamboanga City, Philippines.

Talon-Talon

Among the city's 98 barangays, Talon-Talon is the most populous with 4.1% share of this city’s population, followed by Mampang (4.0%), Tumaga (3.6%), Tetuan (3.5%), Calarian (3.4%), San Roque and Pasonanca (both with 3.2%).
Talon-Talon is a barangay located to the southeast of Zamboanga City in the Philippines.

Christian and Missionary Alliance Churches of the Philippines

CAMACOPChristian and Missionary AllianceChristian and Missionary Alliance Churches of the Philippines (CAMACOP)
Christian and Missionary Alliance, Seventh-day Adventist, Church of Latter day Saints, and United Church of Christ in the Philippines are included.
The first Alliance Church was planted in 1902 in Tetuan, Zamboanga City, the first Protestant church in Muslim Mindanao, which still exists until today.

Islam in the Philippines

IslamMuslimFilipino Muslim
They became the dominant ethnic group after they were Islamized in the 14th century and established the Sultanate of Sulu in the 15th century.
In 2018, a unification gathering of all the sultans of the Sulu archipelago and representatives from all ethnic communities in the Sulu archipelago commenced in Zamboanga City, declaring themselves as the Bangsa Sug peoples and separating them from the Bangsa Moro peoples of mainland central Mindanao.

Sultanate of Sulu

SuluSultan of SuluSulu Sultanate
They became the dominant ethnic group after they were Islamized in the 14th century and established the Sultanate of Sulu in the 15th century.
The ceremony was held in Zamboanga City and was attended by hundreds of supporters and members of the different Royal Houses of the Sultanate of Sulu, and religious leaders and representatives of various sectors, including those from mainland Mindanao.

Koxinga

Zheng ChenggongTei Seikō (Koxinga)Cheng
Spain was forced to abandon Zamboanga temporarily and withdraw its soldiers to Manila in 1662 after the Chinese under Koxinga threatened to invade the Spanish Philippines.
The threat of Chinese invasion forced the Spanish to withdraw their forces to Manila, leaving some troops in Jolo and by Lake Lanao to engage the Moro in protracted conflict, while their fort on Zamboanga in Mindanao was immediately evacuated following Koxinga's threats.

Sama-Bajau

BajauSamalSama
Zamboanga peninsula was also the homelands of the ancestors of the Yakan, the Balanguingui, and other closely related Sama-Bajau peoples.
Incidentally, the native pre-Hispanic name of Zamboanga City is "Samboangan" (literally "mooring place"), which was derived from the Sinama word for a mooring pole, sambuang or samboang.